Abstract:
We study the phase diagram and the excitation spectra of an array of small Josephson junctions at $f=1/2$ and arbitrary charge frustration. We find that the supersolid region in the phase diagram is larger than the correspondent region at $f=0$ and it includes two different phases.In the chiral supersolid (SS) charges and vortices are arranged in a checkerboard pattern on a $2\:\times \:2$ supercell analogously to the unfrustrated case. We find a new phase, which we term {\em non-chiral supersolid} (NCSS), which has no corresponding phase at $f=0$. The excitation spectra in the supersolid regions show particle like dispersions which is related to the defectons. The defecton condensation leads to superfluidity in the presence of charge ordered background.

Abstract:
We study the effect of thermal fluctuations in a fully frustrated Josephson junction array driven by a current I larger than the apparent critical current I_c(T). We calculate numerically the behavior of the chiral order parameter of Z_2 symmetry and the transverse helicity modulus (related to the U(1) symmetry) as a function of temperature. We find that the Z_2 transition occurs at a temperature T_{Z_2}(I) which is lower than the temperature T_{U(1)}(I) for the U(1) transition. Both transitions could be observed experimentally from measurements of the longitudinal and transverse voltages.

Abstract:
We study, analytically and numerically, phase locking of driven vortex lattices in fully-frustrated Josephson junction arrays at zero temperature. We consider the case when an ac current is applied {\it perpendicular} to a dc current. We observe phase locking, steps in the current-voltage characteristics, with a dependence on external ac-drive amplitude and frequency qualitatively different from the Shapiro steps, observed when the ac and dc currents are applied in parallel. Further, the critical current increases with increasing transverse ac-drive amplitude, while it decreases for longitudinal ac-drive. The critical current and the phase-locked current step width, increase quadratically with (small) amplitudes of the ac-drive. For larger amplitudes of the transverse ac-signal, we find windows where the critical current is hysteretic, and windows where phase locking is suppressed due to dynamical instabilities. We characterize the dynamical states around the phase-locking interference condition in the $IV$ curve with voltage noise, Lyapunov exponents and Poincar\'e sections. We find that zero temperature phase-locking behavior in large fully frustrated arrays is well described by an effective four plaquette model.

Abstract:
We study the resistive transition in Josephson-junction arrays at $f=1/2$ flux quantum per plaquette by dynamical simulations of the resistively-shunted-junction model. The current-voltage scaling and critical dynamics of the phases are found to be well described by the same critical temperature and static exponents as for the chiral (vortex-lattice) transition. Although this behavior is consistent with a single transition scenario, where phase and chiral variables order simultaneously, two different dynamic exponents result for phase coherence and chiral order.

Abstract:
We study the scaling behavior and critical dynamics of the resistive transition in Josephson-junction arrays, at f=1/2 flux quantum per plaquette, by numerical simulation of an on-site dissipation model for the dynamics. The results are compared with recent simulations using the resistively-shunted-junction model. For both models, we find that the resistivity scaling and critical dynamics of the phases are well described by the same critical temperature as for the chiral (vortex-lattice) transition, with a power-law divergent correlation length. The behavior is consistent with the single transition scenario, where phase and chiral variables order at the same temperature, but with different dynamic exponents z for phase coherence and chiral order.

Abstract:
We derive a uniformly frustrated $XY$ model that describes two-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays consisting of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates trapped by both a harmonic trap and a corotating deep optical lattice. The harmonic trap makes the coupling constant of the model have a nonuniform parabolic dependance. We study the ground state through Monte Carlo simulations in a wide range of the frustration parameter $f$, revealing a rich variety of vortex patterns.

Abstract:
We show that electrically and magnetically frustrated Josephson junction arrays (JJAs) realize topological order with a non-trivial ground state degeneracy on manifolds with non-trivial topology. The low-energy theory has the same gauge dynamics of the unfrustrated JJAs but for different, "fractional" degrees of freedom, a principle reminescent of Jain's composite electrons in the fractional quantum Hall effect.

Abstract:
We establish a one-to-one mapping between a model for hexagonal polyelectrolyte bundles and a model for two-dimensional, frustrated Josephson-junction arrays. We find that the T=0 insulator-to-superconductor transition of the {\it quantum} system corresponds to a continuous liquid-to-solid transition of the condensed charge in the finite temperature {\it classical} system. We find that the role of the vector potential in the quantum system is played by elastic strain in the classical system. Exploiting this correspondence we show that the transition is accompanied by a spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry and that at the transition the polyelectrolyte bundle adopts a universal response to shear.

Abstract:
We investigate autonomous stochastic resonance in fully frustrated Josephson-junction ladders, which are driven by uniform constant currents. At zero temperature large currents induce oscillations between the two ground states, while for small currents the lattice potential forces the system to remain in one of the two states. At finite temperatures, on the other hand, oscillations between the two states develop even below the critical current; the signal-to-noise ratio is found to display array-enhanced stochastic resonance. It is suggested that such behavior may be observed experimentally through the measurement of the staggered voltage.

Abstract:
The scaling behavior of the current-voltage ($IV$) characteristics of a two-dimensional proximity-coupled Josephson junction array (JJA) with quenched bond disorder was investigated for frustrations $f=1/5$, 1/3, 2/5, and 1/2. For all these frustrations including 1/5 and 2/5 where a strongly first-order phase transition is expected in the absence of disorder, the $IV$ characteristics exhibited a good scaling behavior. The critical exponent $\nu$ indicates that bond disorder may drive the phase transitions of frustrated JJA's to be continuous but not into the Ising universality class, contrary to what was observed in Monte Carlo simulations. The dynamic critical exponent $z$ for JJA's was found to be only 0.60 - 0.77.