Abstract:
We present the plane-symmetric solitonlike solutions of magnetostatic equilibria by solving the nonlinear Grad-Shafranov (GS) equation numerically. The solutions have solitonlike and periodic structures in the $x$ and $y$ directions, respectively, and $z$ is the direction of plane symmetry. Although such solutions are unstable against the numerical iteration, we give the procedure to realize the sufficient convergence. Our result provides the definite answer for the existence of the solitonlike solutions that was questioned in recent years. The method developed in this paper will make it possible to study the axisymmetric solitonlike solutions of the nonlinear GS equation, which could model astrophysical jets with knotty structures.

Abstract:
We review the evidence for and against the possibility that a strong enough poloidal field stabilizes an axisymmetric magnetostatic field configuration. We show that there does exist a class of resonant MHD waves which produce instability for any value of the ratio of poloidal and toroidal field strength. We argue that recent investigations of the stability of mixed poloidal and toroidal field configurations based on 3-d numerical simulations, can miss this instability because of the very large azimuthal wave numbers involved and its resonant character.

Abstract:
We show existence of relative periodic orbits (a.k.a. relative nonlinear normal modes) near relative equilibria of a symmetric Hamiltonian system under an appropriate assumption on the Hessian of the Hamiltonian. This gives a relative version of the Moser-Weinstein theorem. The paper supersedes an earlier paper (this arxiv math.SG/9906007), which contains a mistake.

Abstract:
We demonstrate that transitions between Zeeman-split sublevels of Rb atoms are resonantly induced by the motion of the atoms (velocity: about 100 m/s) in a periodic magnetostatic field (period: 1 mm) when the Zeeman splitting corresponds to the frequency of the magnetic field experienced by the moving atoms. A circularly polarized laser beam polarizes Rb atoms with a velocity selected using the Doppler effect and detects their magnetic resonance in a thin cell, to which the periodic field is applied with the arrays of parallel current-carrying wires.

Abstract:
In this paper, we show that, for scalar reaction-diffusion equations on the circle S1, the property of hyperbolicity of all equilibria and periodic orbits is generic with respect to the non-linearity . In other words, we prove that in an appropriate functional space of nonlinear terms in the equation, the set of functions, for which all equilibria and periodic orbits are hyperbolic, is a countable intersection of open dense sets. The main tools in the proof are the property of the lap number and the Sard-Smale theorem.

Abstract:
The surface-dressed optical Bloch equations and the Maxwell equations are combined consistently to obtain spontaneous decay rates and frequency shifts for an atom near the surface of a superlattice film with periodic or quasi-periodic structure. The effects of the number, thickness and dielectric properties of the layers constructing this film on the spontaneous emission properties are discussed. The results for the two different cases of periodic structure and quasi periodic structure are comparable.

Abstract:
This paper investigates the dynamics of a particle orbiting around a rotating homogeneous cube, and shows fruitful results that have implications for examining the dynamics of orbits around non-spherical celestial bodies. This study can be considered as an extension of previous research work on the dynamics of orbits around simple shaped bodies, including a straight segment, a circular ring, an annulus disk, and simple planar plates with backgrounds in celestial mechanics. In the synodic reference frame, the model of a rotating cube is established, the equilibria are calculated, and their linear stabilities are determined. Periodic orbits around the equilibria are computed using the traditional differential correction method, and their stabilities are determined by the eigenvalues of the monodromy matrix. The existence of homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits connecting periodic orbits around the equilibria is examined and proved numerically in order to understand the global orbit structure of the system. This study contributes to the investigation of irregular shaped celestial bodies that can be divided into a set of cubes.

Abstract:
After giving a summary of the basic-theoretical concept of quantization of the electromagnetic field in the presence of dispersing and absorbing (macroscopic) bodies, their effect on spontaneous decay of an excited atom is studied. Various configurations such as bulk material, planar half space media, spherical cavities, and microspheres are considered. In particular, the influence of material absorption on the local-field correction, the decay rate, the line shift, and the emission pattern are examined. Further, the interplay between radiative losses and losses due to material absorption is analyzed. Finally, the possibility of generating entangled states of two atoms coupled by a microsphere-assisted field is discussed.

Abstract:
Starting from the quantized version of Maxwell's equations for the electromagnetic field in an arbitrary linear Kramers-Kronig dielectric, spontaneous decay of the excited state of a two-level atom embedded in a dispersive and absorbing medium is studied and the decay rate is calculated. The calculations are performed for both the (Clausius-Mosotti) virtual cavity model and the (Glauber-Lewenstein) real cavity model. It is shown that owing to nonradiative decay associated with absorption the rate of spontaneous decay sensitively depends on the cavity radius when the atomic transition frequency approaches an absorption band of the medium. Only when the effect of absorption is fully disregarded, then the familiar local-field correction factors are recovered.

Abstract:
In this paper, we consider the second-order equations of Duffing type. Bounds for the derivative of the restoring force are given that ensure the existence and uniqueness of a periodic solution. Furthermore, the stability of the unique periodic solution is analyzed; the sharp rate of exponential decay is determined for a solution that is near to the unique periodic solution.