Abstract:
SrPt2As2 is a novel arsenide superconductor, which crystallizes in the CaBe2Ge2-type structure as a different polymorphic form of the ThCr2Si2-type structure. SrPt2As2 exhibits a charge-density-wave (CDW) ordering at about 470 K and enters into a superconducting state at Tc = 5.2 K. The coexistence of superconductivity and CDW refers to Peierls instability with a moderately strong electron-phonon interaction. Thus SrPt2As2 can be viewed as a nonmagnetic analog of iron-based superconductors, such as doped BaFe2As2, in which superconductivity emerges in close proximity to spin-density-wave ordering.

Abstract:
The relationship between charge density wave (CDW) orders and superconductivity in arsenide superconductor SrPt$_2$As$_2$ with $T_c$ = 5.2 K which crystallizes in the CaBe$_2$Ge$_2$-type structure was studied by $^{75}$As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements up to 520 K, and $^{75}$As nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and $^{195}$Pt-NMR measurements down to 1.5 K. At high temperature, $^{75}$As-NMR spectrum and nuclear spin relaxation rate ($1/T_1$) have revealed two distinct CDW orders, one realized in the As-Pt-As layer below $T_{\rm CDW}^{\rm As(1)}$ $=$ 410 K and the other in the Pt-As-Pt layer below $T_{\rm CDW}^{\rm As(2)}$ $=$ 255 K. The $1/T_1$ measured by $^{75}$As-NQR shows a clear Hebel-Slichter peak just below $T_c$ and decreases exponentially well below $T_c$. Concomitantly, $^{195}$Pt Knight shift decreases below $T_c$. Our results indicate that superconductivity in SrPt$_2$As$_2$ is in the spin-singlet state with an $s$-wave gap and is robust under the two distinct CDW orders in different layers.

Abstract:
The electronic and phonon properties of the platinum pnictide superconductors $A$Pt$_3$P ($A$=Ca, Sr, and La) were studied using first-principles calculations. The spin-orbit coupling effect is significant in LaPt$_3$P but negligible in CaPt$_3$P and SrPt$_3$P, although they all share the same anti-pevroskite structure. Moreover, SrPt$_3$P has been demonstrated to exhibit an unexpected weak charge-density-wave(CDW) instability which is neither simply related to the Fermi-surface nesting nor to the momentum-dependent electron-phonon coupling alone. The instability is absent in CaPt$_3$P and can be quickly suppressed by the external pressure, accompanied with gradual decreases in the phonon softening and BCS $T_c$. Our results suggest SrPt$_3$P as a rare example where superconductivity is enhanced by the CDW fluctuations.

Abstract:
We present LDA calculated electronic structure of recently discovered superconductor SrPt2As2 with Tc=5.2K. Despite its chemical composition and crystal structure are somehow similar to FeAs-based high-temperature superconductors, the electronic structure of SrPt2As2 is very much different. Crystal structure is orthorhombic (or tetragonal if idealized) and has layered nature with alternating PtAs4 and AsPt4 tetrahedra slabs sandwiched with Sr ions. The Fermi level is crossed by Pt-5d states with rather strong admixture of As-4p states. Fermi surface of SrPt2As2 is essentially three dimensional, with complicated sheets corresponding to multiple bands. We compare SrPt2As2 with 1111 and 122 representatives of FeAs-class of superconductors, as well as with isovalent (Ba,Sr)Ni2As2 superconductors. Brief discussion of superconductivity in SrPt2As2 is also presented.

Abstract:
A new layered iron arsenide NaFeAs isostructural with the superconducting lithium analogue, displays evidence for the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering.

Abstract:
We report a study of the normal- and superconducting-state electronic properties of the centrosymmetric compound SrPt3P via 31P nuclear-magnetic-resonance (NMR) and magnetometry investigations. Essential features such as a sharp drop of the Knight shift at T < Tc and an exponential decrease of the NMR spin-lattice relaxation ratio 1/(T1T) below Tc are consistent with an s-wave electron pairing in SrPt3P, although a direct confirmation in the form of a Hebel-Slichter-type peak is lacking. Normal-state NMR data at T < 50 K indicate conventional features of the conduction electrons, typical of simple metals such as lithium or silver. Our data are finally compared with available NMR results for the noncentrosymmetric superconductors LaPt$_3$Si and CePt$_3$Si, which adopt similar crystal structures.

Abstract:
We examine superconductivity in layered systems with large Fermi-surface splitting due to coexisting ferromagnetic layers. In particular, the hybrid ruthenate-cuprate compound RuSr_2GdCu_2O_8 is examined on the coexistence of the superconductivity and the ferromagnetism, which has been observed recently. We calculate critical fields of the superconductivity taking into account the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state in a model with Fermi-surfaces which shapes are similar to those obtained by a band calculation. It is shown that the critical field is enhanced remarkably due to a Fermi-surface effect, and can be high enough to make the coexistence possible in a microscopic scale. We also clarify the direction of the spatial oscillation of the order parameter, which may be observed by scanning tunneling microscope experiments.

Abstract:
In many cases, unconventional superconductivity are realized by suppressing another order parameter, such as charge density wave (CDW) or spin density wave (SDW). This suggests that the fluctuations of these order parameters play an important role in producing superconductivity. LaPt$_2$Ge$_2$ undergoes a tetragonal-to-monoclinic structural phase transition (SPT) at $T_{\rm s}$ = 394 K, accompanying a double period modulation in the $a$-axis direction, and superconducts at $T_{\rm c}$ = 0.41 K. We performed band calculations and found 2D (two dimensional)-like Fermi surfaces with partial nesting. A reduction in the density of states in the monoclinic phase was found in the calculation and confirmed by $^{195}$Pt-NMR. We suggest a CDW as a possible cause for the SPT. By changing the stoichiometry between Pt and Ge, we succeeded in suppressing $T_{\rm s}$ and increasing $T_{\rm c}$ in LaPt$_{2-x}$Ge$_{2+x}$. Comparison of $^{139}$La- and $^{195}$Pt-NMR data reveals moderate fluctuations associated with SPT. From $^{139}$La-NQR measurements at zero field, we found that an isotropic superconducting gap is realized in LaPt$_{2-x}$Ge$_{2+x}$ ($x$ = 0.20). We discuss the relationship between superconductivity and the SPT order/fluctuations.

Abstract:
Superconductivity and magnetism have been interesting topics in condensed mater physics and they have been studied experimentally and theoretically for many years. These two cooperative phenomena are antagonistic until the discovery of some rare earth ternary compounds that show the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetism. In some of the recently discovered iron-based layered superconductors, superconductivity and magnetism coexist. In the present work we examine the possibility of coexistence of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in samarium arsenide oxide superconductor (SmAsO1-xFxFe). Using a model of the Hamiltonian and retarded double time Greens function formalism, we found expressions AFM order Parameter (η) and AFM transition temperature (T_{m}). We obtained the phase diagrams (T_{c} vs η) and(T_{m} vs η) to obtain the region where orders, i.e., superconductivity and AFM (antiferromagnetism), coexisted. The region under the intersection of the two merged graphs shows that superconductivity and AFM coexist in the system (SmAsO1-xFxFe).

Abstract:
SrPt3P has recently been reported to exhibit superconductivity with Tc = 8.4 K. To explore its superconducting mechanism, we have performed electron and phonon band calculations based on the density functional theory, and found that the superconductivity in SrPt3P is well described by the strong coupling phonon-mediated mechanism. We have demonstrated that superconducting charge carriers come from pd\pi-hybridized bands between Pt and P ions, which couple to low energy (~ 5 meV) phonon modes confined on the ab in-plane. These in-plane phonon modes, which do not break antipolar nature of SrPt3P, enhance both the electron-phonon coupling constant \lambda and the critical temperature Tc. There is no hint of a specific phonon softening feature in the phonon dispersion, and the effect of the spin-orbit coupling on the superconductivity is found to be negligible.