Abstract:
The geometry of jets of submanifolds is studied, with special interest in the relationship with the calculus of variations. A new intrinsic geometric formulation of the variational problem on jets of submanifolds is given. Working examples are provided.

Abstract:
Jets of modules over a commutative ring are well known to make up the representative objects of linear differential operators on these modules. In noncommutative geometry, jets of modules provide the representative objects only of a certain class of first order differential operators. As a consequence, a generalization of the standard Lagrangian formalism on smooth manifolds to noncommutative spaces is problematic.

Abstract:
An overview of some recent results on the geometry of partial differential equations in application to integrable systems is given. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism both in the free case (on the space of infinite jets) and with constraints (on a PDE) are discussed. Analogs of tangent and cotangent bundles to a differential equation are introduced and the variational Schouten bracket is defined. General theoretical constructions are illustrated by a series of examples.

Abstract:
We outline the notions and concepts of the calculus of variational multivectors within the Poisson formalism over the spaces of infinite jets of mappings from commutative (non)graded smooth manifolds to the factors of noncommutative associative algebras over the equivalence under cyclic permutations of the letters in the associative words. We state the basic properties of the variational Schouten bracket and derive an interesting criterion for (non)commutative differential operators to be Hamiltonian (and thus determine the (non)commutative Poisson structures). We place the noncommutative jet-bundle construction at hand in the context of the quantum string theory.

Abstract:
These are lecture notes on the rigidity of submanifolds of projective space "resembling" compact Hermitian symmetric spaces in their homogeneous embeddings. Recent results are surveyed, along with their classical predecessors. The notes include an introduction to moving frames in projective geometry, an exposition of the Hwang-Yamaguchi ridgidity theorem and a new variant of the Hwang-Yamaguchi theorem.

Abstract:
The present volume is the written version of the series of lectures the author delivered at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium during the period of June-July, 1990. The main purpose of these talks is to present some of author's work and also his joint works with Professor T. Nagano and Professor Y. Tazawa of Japan, Professor P. F. Leung of Singapore and Professor J. M. Morvan of France on geometry of slant submanifolds and its related subjects in a systematical way.

Abstract:
The first purpose of this paper is to generalize the well-known Maslov indices of maps of open Riemann surfaces with boundary lying on Lagrangian submanifolds to maps with boundary lying on coisotropic submanifolds in symplectic manifolds. For this purpose, we first define the notion of {\it Maslov loops} of coisotropic Grassmanians and their indices. Then we introduce the notions of {\it transverse Maslov bundle} of coisotropic submanifolds, and {\it gradable coisotropic submanifolds}. We then define {\it graded coisotropic submanifolds} and the {\it coisotropic Maslov index} of the maps with boundary lying on such graded coisotropic submanifolds, which reduces to the standard Maslov index of disc maps for the case of Lagrangian submanifolds. The second purpose is to study the geometry of coisotropic submanifolds in K\"ahler manifolds. We introduce the notion of the leafwise mean curvature form and transverse canonical bundle of coisotropic submanifolds and study various geometric properties thereof. Finally we combine all these to define the notion of {\it special coisotropic submanifolds} for the case of Calabi-Yau manifolds, and prove various consequences on their properties of the coisotropic Maslov indices.

Abstract:
In generalized complex geometry, we revisit linear subspaces and submanifolds that have an induced generalized complex structure. We give an expression of the induced structure that allows us to deduce a smoothness criteria, we dualize the results to submersions and we make a few comments on generalized complex mappings. Then, we discuss submanifolds of generalized Kaehler manifolds that have an induced generalized Kaehler structure. These turn out to be the common invariant submanifolds of the two classical complex structures of the generalized Kaehler manifold.

Abstract:
We introduce a generalization of structured manifolds as the most general Riemannian metric g associated to an affinor (tensor field of (1,1)-type) F and initiate a study of their semi-invariant submanifolds. These submanifolds are generalization of CR-submanifolds of almost complex geometry and semi-invariant submanifolds of several interesting geometries (almost product, almost contact and others). We characterize the integrability of both invariant and anti-invariant distribution; the special case when F is covariant constant with respect to g gives major simplifications in computations.

Abstract:
A Finsler geometry may be understood as a homogeneous variational problem, where the Finsler function is the Lagrangian. The extremals in Finsler geometry are curves, but in more general variational problems we might consider extremal submanifolds of dimension $m$. In this minicourse we discuss these problems from a geometric point of view.