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Shear viscosity due to the Landau damping from quark-pion interaction  [PDF]
Sabyasachi Ghosh,Anirban Lahiri,Sarbani Majumder,Rajarshi Ray,Sanjay K. Ghosh
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.88.068201
Abstract: We have calculated the shear viscosity coefficient $\eta$ of the strongly interacting matter in the relaxation time approximation, where a quasi particle description of quarks with its dynamical mass is considered from NJL model. Due to the thermodynamic scattering of quarks with pseudo scalar type condensate (i.e. pion), a non zero Landau damping will be acquired by the propagating quarks. This Landau damping may be obtained from the Landau cut contribution of the in-medium self-energy of quark-pion loop, which is evaluated in the framework of real-time thermal field theory.
Impact of gluon damping on heavy-quark quenching
Nahrgang, M.;Bluhm, M.;Gossiaux, P. B.;Aichelin, J.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: In this conference contribution, we discuss the influence of gluon-bremsstrahlung damping in hot, absorptive QCD matter on the heavy-quark radiation spectra. Within our Monte-Carlo implementation for the description of the heavy-quark in-medium propagation we demonstrate that as a consequence of gluon damping the quenching of heavy quarks becomes significantly affected at higher transverse momenta.
Anomalous Viscosity of an Expanding Quark-Gluon Plasma  [PDF]
M. Asakawa,S. A. Bass,B. Müller
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.252301
Abstract: We argue that an expanding quark-gluon plasma has an anomalous viscosity, which arises from interactions with dynamically generated color fields. We derive an expression for the anomalous viscosity in the turbulent plasma domain and apply it to the hydrodynamic expansion phase, when the quark-gluon plasma is near equilibrium. The anomalous viscosity dominates over the collisional viscosity for weak coupling and not too late times. This effect may provide an explanation for the apparent ``nearly perfect'' liquidity of the matter produced in nuclear collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider without the assumption that it is a strongly coupled state.
Anomalous Viscosity of the Quark-Gluon Plasma  [PDF]
Juhee Hong,P. H. Diamond
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.89.034905
Abstract: The shear viscosity of the quark-gluon plasma is predicted to be lower than the collisional viscosity for weak coupling. The estimated ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density is rather close to the ratio calculated by N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory for strong coupling, which indicates that the quark-gluon plasma might be strongly coupled. However, in presence of momentum anisotropy, the Weibel instability can arise and drive the turbulent transport. Shear viscosity can be lowered by enhanced collisionality due to turbulence, but the decorrelation time and its relation to underlying dynamics and color-magnetic fields have not been calculated self-consistently. In this paper, we use resonance broadening theory for strong turbulence to calculate the anomalous viscosity of the quark-gluon plasma for nonequilibrium. For saturated Weibel instability, we estimate the scalings of the decorrelation rate and viscosity and compare these with collisional transport. This calculation yields an explicit connection between the underlying momentum space anisotropy and the viscosity anomaly.
The road to precision: Extraction of the specific shear viscosity of the quark-gluon plasma  [PDF]
Chun Shen,Ulrich Heinz
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Recent progress in extracting the specific shear viscosity of the Quark-Gluon Plasma from phenomenological studies is highlighted.
Viscosity coefficients for hadron and quark-gluon phases  [PDF]
A. S. Khvorostukhin,V. D. Toneev,D. N. Voskresensky
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2010.05.058
Abstract: The shear ($\eta$) and bulk ($\zeta$) viscosities are calculated in a quasiparticle relaxation time approximation. The hadron phase is described within the relativistic mean field based model with scaled hadron masses and couplings. The quark phase is treated in terms of the heavy quark bag model fitted to the lattice data. A two-phase model allowing for the first order phase transition from the hadron phase to the strongly coupled quark gluon plasma is constructed by means of the Gibbs conditions. Temperature and baryon density dependence of the calculated viscosity-to-entropy ratios ($\eta/s$, $\zeta/s$) are analyzed and compared with those obtained in other models. Special attention is paid to the behavior of viscosity coefficients near the critical temperature, from both hadron and quark-gluon side. Effects of resonance widths on viscosities and viscosity-to-entropy ratios are estimated.
Anomalous viscosity of an expanding quark-gluon plasma
Asakawa, M.;Bass, S. A.;Müller, B.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/34/8/S108
Abstract: We argue that an expanding quark-gluon plasma has an anomalous viscosity, which arises from interactions with dynamically generated colour fields. The anomalous viscosity dominates over the collisional viscosity for large velocity gradients or weak coupling. This effect may provide an explanation for the apparent near perfect liquidity of the matter produced in nuclear collisions at RHIC without the assumption that it is a strongly coupled state.
Anomalous viscosity of an expanding quark-gluon plasma  [PDF]
M. Asakawa,S. A. Bass,B. Müller
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/34/8/S108
Abstract: We argue that an expanding quark-gluon plasma has an anomalous viscosity, which arises from interactions with dynamically generated colour fields. The anomalous viscosity dominates over the collisional viscosity for large velocity gradients or weak coupling. This effect may provide an explanation for the apparent near perfect liquidity of the matter produced in nuclear collisions at RHIC without the assumption that it is a strongly coupled state.
Extracting shear viscosity of the Quark Gluon Plasma in the presence of bulk viscosity  [PDF]
Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: One of the most remarkable features of the Quark Gluon Plasma is its nearly perfect fluidity behavior indicated by the small shear viscosity to entropy density ratio obtained from fitting relativistic viscous hydrodynamics flow harmonics to experimental data. In recent years, bulk viscosity has also been considered in the context of event-by-event relativistic hydrodynamics and it has been found to have a non-trivial interplay with shear viscosity. In this paper some of the issues are discussed that require further work when extracting the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio in the presence of a non-zero bulk viscosity.
The viscosity of quark-gluon plasma at RHIC and the LHC  [PDF]
Ulrich W. Heinz,Chun Shen,Huichao Song
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1063/1.3700674
Abstract: The specific shear viscosity (eta/s)_QGP of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) can be extracted from elliptic flow data in heavy-ion collisions by comparing them with the dynamical model VISHNU which couples a viscous fluid dynamic description of the QGP with a microscopic kinetic description of the late hadronic rescattering and freeze-out stage. A robust method for fixing (eta/s)_QGP from the collision centrality dependence of the eccentricity-scaled charged hadron elliptic flow is presented. The systematic uncertainties associated with this extraction method are discussed, with specific attention to our presently restricted knowledge of initial conditions. With the (eta/s)_QGP extracted in this way, VISHNU yields an excellent description of all soft-hadron data from Au+Au collisions at top RHIC energy. Extrapolations to Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC, using both a purely hydrodynamic approach and VISHNU, are presented and compared with recent experimental results from the ALICE Collaboration. The LHC data are again well described by VISHNU, with the same (eta/s)_QGP value as at RHIC energies.
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