Abstract:
In the orbitally degenerate ($J=5/2$) Periodic Anderson Model, the magnetic susceptibility is composed of both the Pauli term and the Van Vleck term, as is well known. The former is strongly enhanced by the strong correlation between $f$-electrons. But, for the latter, the influence of the strong correlation has been obscure for years. In this paper we give the solution of the longstanding problem. With the aid of the $d=\infty$ approximation, we study this problem on the basis of the Fermi liquid theory with degenerate orbitals, taking account of all the vertex corrections in a consistent way. As a result, we obtain the simple expression for the magnetic susceptibility, and show unambiguously that the Van Vleck term is also highly enhanced} in the strong correlation regime. This fact explains naturally the enhanced magnetic susceptibility observed in many insulating systems (i.e., Kondo insulator). Moreover, we show that the Wilson ratio takes a value around 1 in the metallic system, in good agreement with experiments.

Abstract:
We study the phase diagram of a twofold orbitally degenerate Anderson impurity model which presents a non-trivial fixed point similar to the two-impurity Kondo model one. Remarkably, this fixed point is more robust than the latter one, since it can only be destabilized by orbital or gauge symmetry breaking. The impurity model is interesting per se, but here our interest is rather in the possibility that it might be representative of the behavior of a strongly-correlated lattice model close to a Mott transition. We argue that this lattice model should unavoidably encounter the non-trivial fixed point just before the Mott transition and react to its instability by spontaneous generation of an orbital, spin-orbital or superconducting order parameter.

Abstract:
The low-temperature transport coefficients of the degenerate periodic SU(N) Anderson model are calculated in the limit of infinite correlation between {\it f} electrons, within the framework of dynamical mean-field theory. We establish the Fermi liquid (FL) laws in the clean limit, taking into account the quasiparticle damping. The latter yields a reduced value of the Lorenz number in the Wiedemann-Franz law. Our results indicate that the renormalization of the thermal conductivity and of the Seebeck coefficient can lead to a substantial enhancement of the electronic thermoelectric figure-of-merit at low temperature. Using the FL laws we discuss the low-temperature anomalies that show up in the electrical resistance of the intermetallic compounds with Cerium and Ytterbium ions, when studied as a function of pressure. Our calculations explain the sharp maximum of the coefficient of the $T^2$-term of the electrical resistance and the rapid variation of residual resistance found in a number of Ce and Yb intermetallics at some critical pressure.

Abstract:
We investigate a multi-orbital extension of the periodic Anderson model with particular emphasis on electron correlations including orbital fluctuations. By means of a linearized version of the dynamical mean-field theory, we compute the renormalization factor, the density of states, the spectral gap and the local correlation functions for a given set of the intra- and inter-orbital Coulomb interactions as well as the Hund coupling. It is found that when a certain condition is met for the intra- and inter-orbital interactions for $f$ electrons, orbital fluctuations are enhanced, thereby enlarging the Kondo insulating gap. This effect is suppressed in the presence of the Hund coupling. We also clarify how the Kondo insulator is continuously changed to the Mott insulator when electron correlations among conduction electrons are increased.

Abstract:
Continuous-Time Quantum Monte Carlo (CT-QMC) method combined with Dynamical Mean Field Theory (DMFT) is used to calculate both Periodic Anderson Model (PAM) and Kondo Lattice Model (KLM). Different parameter sets of both models are connected by the Schrieffer-Wolff transformation. For degeneracy N=2, a special particle-hole symmetric case of PAM at half filling which always fixes one electron per impurity site is compared with the results of the KLM. We find a good mapping between PAM and KLM in the limit of large on-site Hubbard interaction U for different properties like self-energy, quasiparticle residue and susceptibility. This allows us to extract quasiparticle mass renormalizations for the f electrons directly from KLM. The method is further applied to higher degenerate case and to realsitic heavy fermion system CeRhIn5 in which the estimate of the Sommerfeld coefficient is proven to be close to the experimental value.

Abstract:
Neutron scattering was used to determine the spin structure and the magnon spectrum of the Mott--Hubbard insulator YTiO$_3$. The magnetic structure is complex, comprising substantial G-type and A-type antiferromagnetic components in addition to the predominant ferromagnetic component. The magnon spectrum, on the other hand, is gapless and nearly isotropic. We show that these findings are inconsistent with the orbitally ordered states thus far proposed for YTiO$_3$ and discuss general implications for a theoretical description of exchange interactions in orbitally degenerate systems.

Abstract:
Formation of the Kondo state in general two-band Anderson model has been investigated within the numerical renormalization group (NRG) calculations. The Abrikosov-Suhl resonance is essentially asymmetric for the model with one electron per impurity (quarter filling case) in contrast with the one-band case. An external magnetic (pseudo-magnetic) field breaking spin (orbital) degeneracy leads to asymmetric splitting and essential broadening of the many-body resonance. Unlike the standard Anderson model, the ``spin up'' Kondo peak is pinned against the Fermi level, but not suppressed by magnetic field.

Abstract:
We calculate Auger spectra given by the two-hole Green's function from orbitally degenerate Hubbard-like models as a function of correlation strength and band filling. The resulting spectra are qualitatively different from those obtained from fully-filled singly degenerate models due to the presence of screening dynamics and multielectron excitations. Application to a real system shows remarkable agreement with experimental results leading to reinterpretation of spectral features.

Abstract:
In the present paper the ground state of a double orbitally degenerate model at weak intra-atomic interaction is studied using the Green functions method. Beside the diagonal matrix elements of electron-electron interactions the model includes correlated hopping integrals and inter-atomic exchange interaction. The influence of orbital degeneracy with Hund's rule coupling, correlated hopping and inter-atomic direct exchange on the ferromagnetic ordering is investigated. The expressions for ground state energy and magnetization, the criterion of transition from paramagnetic to ferromagnetic ground state as functions of the model parameters are obtained. The obtained results are compared with some experimental data for magnetic materials.

Abstract:
The local moment approach is extended to the orbitally-degenerate [SU(2N)] Anderson impurity model (AIM). Single-particle dynamics are obtained over the full range of energy scales, focussing here on particle-hole symmetry in the strongly correlated regime where the onsite Coulomb interaction leads to many-body Kondo physics with entangled spin and orbital degrees of freedom. The approach captures many-body broadening of the Hubbard satellites, recovers the correct exponential vanishing of the Kondo scale for all N, and its universal scaling spectra are found to be in very good agreement with numerical renormalization group (NRG) results. In particular the high-frequency logarithmic decays of the scaling spectra, obtained here in closed form for arbitrary N, coincide essentially perfectly with available numerics from the NRG. A particular case of an anisotropic Coulomb interaction, in which the model represents a system of N `capacitively-coupled' SU(2) AIMs, is also discussed. Here the model is generally characterised by two low-energy scales, the crossover between which is seen directly in its dynamics.