Abstract:
Results for the proton and neutron electric and magnetic form factors as well asthe nucleon axial and induced pseudoscalar form factors are presented for the chiral constituent quark model based on Goldstone-boson-exchange dynamics. The calculations are performed in a covariant framework using the point-form approach to relativistic quantum mechanics. The direct predictions of the model yield a remarkably consistent picture of the electroweak nucleon structure.

Abstract:
We compute the axial and pseudoscalar form factors of the nucleon in the Dyson-Schwinger approach. To this end, we solve a covariant three-body Faddeev equation for the nucleon wave function and determine the matrix elements of the axialvector and pseudoscalar isotriplet currents. Our only input is a well-established and phenomenologically successful ansatz for the nonperturbative quark-gluon interaction. As a consequence of the axial Ward-Takahashi identity that is respected at the quark level, the Goldberger-Treiman relation is reproduced for all current-quark masses. We discuss the timelike pole structure of the quark-antiquark vertices that enters the nucleon matrix elements and determines the momentum dependence of the form factors. Our result for the axial charge underestimates the experimental value by 20-25% which might be a signal of missing pion-cloud contributions. The axial and pseudoscalar form factors agree with phenomenological and lattice data in the momentum range above Q^2 ~ 1...2 GeV^2.

Abstract:
A covariant quark model, based both on the spectator formalism and on vector meson dominance, and previously calibrated by the physical data, is here extended to the unphysical region of the lattice data by means of one single extra adjustable parameter - the constituent quark mass in the chiral limit. We calculated the Nucleon (N) and the gamma N -> Delta form factors in the universe of values for that parameter described by quenched lattice QCD. A qualitative description of the Nucleon and gamma N -> Delta form factors lattice data is achieved for light pions.

Abstract:
We study the weak interaction axial form factors of the octet baryons, within the covariant spectator quark model, focusing on the dependence of four-momentum transfer squared, Q^2. In our model the axial form factors G_A(Q^2) (axial-vector form factor) and G_P(Q^2) (induced pseudoscalar form factor), are calculated based on the constituent quark axial form factors and the octet baryon wave functions. The quark axial current is parametrized by the two constituent quark form factors, the axial-vector form factor g_A^q(Q^2), and the induced pseudoscalar form factor g_P^q(Q^2). The baryon wave functions are composed of a dominant S-state and a P-state mixture for the relative angular momentum of the quarks. First, we study in detail the nucleon case. We assume that the quark axial-vector form factor g_A^q(Q^2) has the same function form as that of the quark electromagnetic isovector form factor. The remaining parameters of the model, the P-state mixture and the Q^2-dependence of g_P^q(Q^2), are determined by a fit to the nucleon axial form factor data obtained by lattice QCD simulations with large pion masses. In this lattice QCD regime the meson cloud effects are small, and the physics associated with the valence quarks can be better calibrated. Once the valence quark model is calibrated, we extend the model to the physical regime, and use the low Q^2 experimental data to estimate the meson cloud contributions for G_A(Q^2) and G_P(Q^2). Using the calibrated quark axial form factors, and the generalization of the nucleon wave function for the other octet baryon members, we make predictions for all the possible weak interaction axial form factors G_A(Q^2) and G_P(Q^2) of the octet baryons. The results are compared with the corresponding experimental data for G_A(0), and with the estimates of baryon-meson models based on SU(6) symmetry.

Abstract:
The parity violation programs at MIT-Bates, Jefferson Lab and Mainz are presently focused on developing a better understanding of the sea-quark contributions to the vector matrix elements of nucleon structure. The success of these programs will allow precise semi-leptonic tests of the Standard Model such as that planned by the QWeak collaboration. In order to determine the vector matrix elements, a good understanding of the nucleon's axial vector form factor as seen by an electron, G^e_A, is also required. While the vector electroweak form factors provide information about the nucleon's charge and magnetism, the axial form factor is related to the nucleon's spin. Its Q2=0 value at leading order, g_A, is well known from nucleon and nuclear beta decay, and its precise determination is of interest for tests of CKM unitarity. Most information about its Q2 dependence comes from quasielastic neutrino scattering and from pion electroproduction, and a recent reanalysis of the neutrino data have brought these two types of measurements into excellent agreement. However, these experiments are not sensitive to additional higher order corrections, such as nucleon anapole contributions, that are present in parity-violating electron scattering. In this talk I will attempt to review what is presently known about the axial form factor and its various pieces including the higher order contributions, discuss the the various experimental sectors, and give an update on its determination through PV electron scattering.

Abstract:
We have calculated the axial-vector form factors of the low lying octet baryons ($N$, $\Sigma$, $\Xi$ and $\Lambda$) in the chiral constituent quark model ($\chi$CQM). In particular, we have studied the implications of chiral symmetry breaking and SU(3) symmetry breaking for the singlet ($g^0_{A}$) and non-singlet ($g^3_{A}$ and $g^8_{A}$) axial-vector coupling constants expressed as combinations of the spin polarizations at zero momentum transfer. The conventional dipole form of parametrization has been used to analyse the $Q^2$ dependence of the axial-vector form factors ($G^0_{A}(Q^2)$, $G^3_{A}(Q^2)$ and $G^8_{A}(Q^2)$). The total strange singlet and non-singlet contents ($G_s^0(Q^2)$, $G_s^3(Q^2)$ and $G_s^8(Q^2)$) of the nucleon determining the strange quark contribution to the nucleon spin ($\Delta s$) have also been discussed.

Abstract:
The electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon are calculated in an extended chiral constituent-quark model where the effective interaction is described by the exchange of pseudoscalar, vector, and scalar mesons. Two-body current-density operators, constructed consistently with the extended model Hamiltonian in order to preserve gauge invariance and current conservation, are found to give a significant contribution to the nucleon magnetic form factors and improve the estimates of the nucleon magnetic moments.

Abstract:
The electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon have been calculated in a chiral constituent-quark model. The nucleon wave functions are obtained by solving a Schr\"odinger-type equation for a semi-relativistic Hamiltonian with an effective interaction derived from the exchange of mesons belonging to the pseudoscalar octet and singlet and a linear confinement potential. The charge-density current operator has been constructed consistently with the model Hamiltonian in order to preserve gauge invariance and to satisfy the continuity equation.

Abstract:
We examine isospin breaking in the nucleon wave functions due to the $u - d$ quark mass difference and the Coulomb interaction among the quarks, and their consequences on the nucleon electroweak form factors in a nonrelativistic constituent quark model. The mechanically induced isospin breaking in the nucleon wave functions and electroweak form factors are exactly evaluated in this model. We calculate the electromagnetically induced isospin admixtures by using first-order perturbation theory, including the lowest-lying resonance with nucleon quantum numbers but isospin 3/2. We find a small ($\leq 1\%$), but finite correction to the anomalous magnetic moments of the nucleon stemming almost entirely from the quark mass difference, while the static nucleon axial coupling remains uncorrected. Corrections of the same order of magnitude appear in charge, magnetic, and axial radii of the nucleon. The correction to the charge radius in this model is primarily isoscalar, and may be of some significance for the extraction of the strangeness radius from e.g. elastic forward angle parity violating electron-proton asymmetries, or elastic ${}^4He({\vec e},e')$ experiments.

Abstract:
We discuss the axial form factors of the nucleon within the context of the nonrelativistic chiral quark model. Partial conservation of the axial current (PCAC) imposed at the quark operator level enforces an axial coupling for the constituent quarks which is smaller than unity. This leads to an axial coupling constant of the nucleon $g_A$ in good agreement with experiment. PCAC also requires the inclusion of axial exchange currents. Their effects on the axial form factors are analyzed. We find only small exchange current contributions to $g_A$, which is dominated by the one-body axial current. On the other hand, axial exchange currents give sizeable contributions to the axial radius of the nucleon $r_A^2$, and to the non-pole part of the induced pseudoscalar form factor $g_P$. For the latter, the confinement exchange current is the dominant term.