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Soft-Collinear Factorization in Effective Field Theory  [PDF]
Christian W. Bauer,Dan Pirjol,Iain W. Stewart
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.65.054022
Abstract: The factorization of soft and ultrasoft gluons from collinear particles is shown at the level of operators in an effective field theory. Exclusive hadronic factorization and inclusive partonic factorization follow as special cases. The leading order Lagrangian is derived using power counting and gauge invariance in the effective theory. Several species of gluons are required, and softer gluons appear as background fields to gluons with harder momenta. Two examples are given: the factorization of soft gluons in B->D pi, and the soft-collinear convolution for the B->Xs gamma spectrum.
Jet Shape Resummation Using Soft-Collinear Effective Theory  [PDF]
Yang-Ting Chien,Ivan Vitev
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP12(2014)061
Abstract: The jet shape is a classic jet substructure observable that probes the average transverse energy profile inside a reconstructed jet. The studies of jet shapes in proton-proton collisions have served as precision tests of perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). They have also recently become the baseline for studying the in-medium modification of parton showers in ultra-relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions. The jet shape is a function of two angular parameters $R$ and $r$, which can be at hierarchical scales. Its calculation suffers from large logarithms of the ratio between the two scales, and these phase space logarithms can conveniently be resummed in the framework of soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). We find that, up to power corrections, the integral jet shape can be expressed in a factorized form which involves only the ratio between two jet energy functions. Resummation is performed at next-to-leading logarithmic order using renormalization-group evolution techniques. Comparisons to jet shape measurements at the LHC are presented to verify the dominant role of the collinear parton shower and to identify the kinematic region in which power-suppressed soft modes and non-perturbative effects may play a role.
On different ways to quantize Soft-Collinear Effective Theory
Bauer, Christian W.;Cata, Oscar;Ovanesyan, Grigory
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008,
Abstract: Collinear fields in soft collinear effective theory (SCET) can be made invariant under collinear gauge transformations by multiplying them with collinear Wilson lines. We discuss how we can quantize SCET directly in terms of these gauge invariant fields, allowing to directly calculate S matrix elements using the gauge invariant collinear fields. We also show how for each collinear direction SCET can be written in terms of fields whose interactions are given by the usual QCD Lagrangian, and how external operators coupling these different directions can be constructed.
Soft-Collinear Effective Theory: Recent Results and Applications
Feldmann, Thorsten
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008,
Abstract: Soft-collinear effective theory (SCET) has become a standard tool to study the factorization of short- and long-distance effects in processes involving low-energetic (soft) particles and high-energetic/low-virtuality (collinear) modes. In this contribution I give a brief overview on recent results for inclusive and exclusive B decays and on applications in collider physics.
An effective field theory for collinear and soft gluons: heavy to light decays  [PDF]
Christian W. Bauer,Sean Fleming,Dan Pirjol,Iain W. Stewart
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.63.114020
Abstract: We construct the Lagrangian for an effective theory of highly energetic quarks with energy Q, interacting with collinear and soft gluons. This theory has two low energy scales, the transverse momentum of the collinear particles, p_perp, and the scale p_perp^2/Q. The heavy to light currents are matched onto operators in the effective theory at one-loop and the renormalization group equations for the corresponding Wilson coefficients are solved. This running is used to sum Sudakov logarithms in inclusive B -> X_s gamma and B -> X_u \ell nu decays. We also show that the interactions with collinear gluons preserve the relations for the soft part of the form factor for heavy to light decays found by Charles et al., establishing these relations in the large energy limit of QCD.
Jet Quenching Parameter via Soft Collinear Effective Theory (SCET)  [PDF]
Francesco D'Eramo,Hong Liu,Krishna Rajagopal
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1142/S0218301311019969
Abstract: We analyze the transverse momentum broadening in the absence of radiation of an energetic parton propagating through quark-gluon plasma via Soft Collinear Effective Theory (SCET). We show that the probability for picking up transverse momentum k_\perp is given by the Fourier transform of the expectation value of two transversely separated light-like path-ordered Wilson lines. The subtleties about the ordering of operators do not change the \hat q value for the strongly coupled plasma of N=4 SYM theory.
$B \to K^* \ell^+\ell^-$ in soft-collinear effective theory  [PDF]
A. Ali,G. Kramer,Guohuai Zhu
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s2006-02596-4
Abstract: We study the rare B decay $B \to K^* \ell^+ \ell^-$ using soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). At leading power in $1/m_b$, a factorization formula is obtained valid to all orders in $\alpha_s$. For phenomenological application, we calculate the decay amplitude including order $\alpha_s$ corrections, and resum the logarithms by evolving the matching coefficients from the hard scale ${\cal O}(m_b)$ down to the scale $\sqrt{m_b \Lambda_h}$. The branching ratio for $B \to K^* \ell^+ \ell^-$ is uncertain due to the imprecise knowledge of the soft form factors $\zeta_\perp (q^2)$ and $\zeta_\parallel (q^2)$. Constraining the soft form factor $\zeta_\perp (q^2=0)$ from data on $B \to K^* \gamma$ yields $\zeta_\perp (q^2=0)=0.32 \pm 0.02$. Using this input, together with the light-cone sum rules to determine the $q^2$dependence of $\zeta_\perp (q^2)$ and the other soft form factor $\zeta_\parallel (q^2)$, we eastimate the partially integrated branching ratio in the range $1~{GeV}^2 \le q^2 \le 7~{GeV}^2$ to be $(2.92^{+0.67}_{-0.61}) \times 10^{-7}$. We discuss how to reduce the form factor related uncertainty by combining data on $B \to \rho (\to \pi \pi) \ell \nu_\ell$ and $B\to K^* (\to K\pi) \ell^+\ell^-$. The forward-backward asymmetry is less sensitive to the input parameters. In particular, for the zero-point of the forward backward asymmetry in the standard model, we get $q_0^2=(4.07^{+0.13}_{-0.12})~{GeV}^2$. The scale dependence of $q_0^2$ is discussed in detail.
Universal Nonperturbative Effects in Event Shapes from Soft-Collinear Effective Theory
Lee, Christopher
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1142/S021773230702289X
Abstract: Two-jet event shape distributions, traditionally studied in the language of perturbative QCD, can be described naturally in soft-collinear effective theory. In this language, we demonstrate factorization of event shape distributions into perturbatively-calculable hard and jet functions and nonperturbative soft functions, and show how the latter contribute universal shifts to the mean values of various event shape distributions. Violations of universality in shifts of higher moments can give information on correlations of energy flow in soft radiation.
Extending Soft-Collinear-Effective-Theory to describe hard jets in dense QCD media
Idilbi, Ahmad;Majumder, Abhijit
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.80.054022
Abstract: An extension to the Soft-Collinear-Effective Theory (SCET) description of hard jets is motivated to include the leading contributions between the propagating partons within the jet with partons radiated from a dense extended medium. The resulting effective Lagrangian, containing both a leading and a power suppressed (in the hard scale $Q^2$) contribution, arises primarily from interactions between the hard collinear modes in the jet with Glauber modes from the medium. In this first attempt, the interactions between the hard jet and soft and collinear partonic modes have been ignored, in an effort to focus solely on the interactions with the Glauber modes. While the effect of such modes on vacuum cross sections are suppressed by powers of the hard scale compared to the terms from the SCET Lagrangian, such sub-leading contributions are enhanced by the extent of the medium and result in measurable corrections. The veracity of the derived Lagrangian is checked by direct comparison with known results from full QCD calculations of two physical observables: the transverse momentum broadening of hard jets in dense media and a reanalysis of the transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function (TMDPDF).
Extending Soft-Collinear-Effective-Theory to describe hard jets in dense QCD media  [PDF]
Ahmad Idilbi,Abhijit Majumder
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.80.054022
Abstract: An extension to the Soft-Collinear-Effective Theory (SCET) description of hard jets is motivated to include the leading contributions between the propagating partons within the jet with partons radiated from a dense extended medium. The resulting effective Lagrangian, containing both a leading and a power suppressed (in the hard scale $Q^2$) contribution, arises primarily from interactions between the hard collinear modes in the jet with Glauber modes from the medium. In this first attempt, the interactions between the hard jet and soft and collinear partonic modes have been ignored, in an effort to focus solely on the interactions with the Glauber modes. While the effect of such modes on vacuum cross sections are suppressed by powers of the hard scale compared to the terms from the SCET Lagrangian, such sub-leading contributions are enhanced by the extent of the medium and result in measurable corrections. The veracity of the derived Lagrangian is checked by direct comparison with known results from full QCD calculations of two physical observables: the transverse momentum broadening of hard jets in dense media and a reanalysis of the transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function (TMDPDF).
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