Abstract:
We develop a non-perturbative theoretical framework to treat collisions with generic anisotropic interactions in quasi-one-dimensional geometries. Our method avoids the limitations of pseudopotential theory allowing to include accurately long-range anisotropic interactions. Analyzing ultracold dipolar collisions in a harmonic waveguide we predict dipolar confinement-induced resonances (DCIRs) which are attributed to different angular momentum states. The analytically derived resonance condition reveals in detail the interplay of the confinement with the anisotropic nature of the dipole-dipole interactions. The results are in excellent agreement with ab initio numerical calculations confirming the robustness of the presented approach. The exact knowledge of the positions of DCIRs may pave the way for the experimental realization e.g. Tonks-Girardeau-like or super-Tonks-Girardeau-like phases in effective one-dimensional dipolar gases.

Abstract:
We develop the theory of anharmonic confinement-induced resonances (ACIR). These are caused by anharmonic excitation of the transverse motion of the center of mass (COM) of two bound atoms in a waveguide. As the transverse confinement becomes anisotropic, we find that the COM resonant solutions split for a quasi-1D system, in agreement with recent experiments. This is not found in harmonic confinement theories. A new resonance appears for repulsive couplings ($a_{3D}>0$) for a quasi-2D system, which is also not seen with harmonic confinement. After inclusion of anharmonic energy corrections within perturbation theory, we find that these ACIR resonances agree extremely well with anomalous 1D and 2D confinement induced resonance positions observed in recent experiments. Multiple even and odd order transverse ACIR resonances are identified in experimental data, including up to N=4 transverse COM quantum numbers.

Abstract:
We analyze the impact of multichannel scattering in harmonic waveguides on the positions and widths of confinement-induced resonances for both isotropic and anisotropic transversal confinement. Multichannel scattering amplitudes and transmission coefficients are calculated and used to characterize the resonant behaviour of atomic collisions with varying anisotropy. A mechanism is established which leads to a splitting of the confinement-induced resonance in the presence of anisotropy.

Abstract:
We develop and analyze a theoretical model to study p-wave Feshbach resonances of identical fermions in atomic waveguides by extending the two-channel model of A.D. Lange et. al. [Phys. Rev. A 79, 013622 (2009)] and S. Saeidian et. al. [Phys. Rev. A 86, 062713 (2012)]. The experimentally known parameters of Feshbach resonances in free space are used as input of the model. We calculate the shifts and widths of p-wave magnetic Feshbach resonance of $^{40}$K atoms emerging in harmonic waveguides as p-wave confinement induced resonance (CIR). Particularly, we show a possibility to control the width and shift of the p-wave confinement induced resonance by the trap frequency and the applied magnetic field which could be used in corresponding experiments. Our analysis also demonstrates the importance of the inclusion of the effective radius in the computational schemes for the description of the p-wave CIRs contrary to the case of s-wave CIRs where the influence of this term is negligible.

Abstract:
We develop a grid method for multi-channel scattering of atoms in a waveguide with harmonic confinement. This approach is employed to extensively analyze the transverse excitations and deexcitations as well as resonant scattering processes. Collisions of identical bosonic and fermionic as well as distinguishable atoms in harmonic traps with a single frequency $\omega$ permitting the center-of-mass (c.m.) separation are explored in depth. In the zero-energy limit and single mode regime we reproduce the well-known confinement-induced resonances (CIRs) for bosonic, fermionic and heteronuclear collisions. In case of the multi-mode regime up to four open transverse channels are considered. Previously obtained analytical results are extended significantly here. Series of Feshbach resonances in the transmission behaviour are identified and analyzed. The behaviour of the transmission with varying energy and scattering lengths is discussed in detail. The dual CIR leading to a complete quantum suppression of atomic scattering is revealed in multi-channel scattering processes. Possible applications include, e.g., cold and ultracold atom-atom collisions in atomic waveguides and electron-impurity scattering in quantum wires.

Abstract:
A semi-analytical approach to atomic waveguide scattering for harmonic confinement is developed taking into account all partial waves. As a consequence $\ell$-wave confinement-induced resonances are formed being coupled to each other due to the confinement. The corresponding resonance condition is obtained analytically using the $K$-matrix formalism. Atomic scattering is described by transition diagrams which depict all relevant processes the atoms undergo during the collision. Our analytical results are compared to corresponding numerical data and show very good agreement.

Abstract:
The resonances for the Dirichlet and Neumann Laplacian are studied on compactly perturbed waveguides. An upper bound on the number of resonances near the physical plane is proven. In the absence of resonances, an upper bound is proven for the localised resolvent. This is then used to prove that the existence of a quasimode whose asymptotics is bounded away from the thresholds implies the existence of resonances converging to the real axis.

Abstract:
We develop and analyze a theoretical model which yields the shifts and widths of Feshbach resonances in an atomic waveguide. It is based on a multichannel approach for confinement-induced resonances (CIRs) and atomic transitions in the waveguides in the multimode regime. We replace in this scheme the single-channel scalar interatomic interaction by the four-channel tensorial potential modeling resonances of broad, narrow and overlapping character according to the two-channel parametrization of A.D.Lange et al. As an input the experimentally known parameters of Feshbach resonances in the absence of the waveguide are used. We calculate the shifts and widths of s-, d- and g-wave magnetic Feshbach resonances of Cs atoms emerging in harmonic waveguides as CIRs and resonant enhancement of the transmission at zeros of the free space scattering length. We have found the linear dependence of the width of the resonance on the longitudinal atomic momentum and quadratic dependence on the waiveguide width. Our model opens novel possibilities for quantitative studies of the scattering processes in ultracold atomic gases in waveguides beyond the framework of s-wave resonant scattering.

Abstract:
A previously developed approach for the numerical treatment of two particles that are confined in a finite optical-lattice potential and interact via an arbitrary isotropic interaction potential has been extended to incorporate an additional anisotropic dipole-dipole interaction. The interplay of a model but realistic short-range Born-Oppenheimer potential and the dipole-dipole interaction for two confined particles is investigated. A variation of the strength of the dipole-dipole interaction leads to diverse resonance phenomena. In a harmonic confinement potential some resonances show similarities to $s$-wave scattering resonances while in an anharmonic trapping potential like the one of an optical lattice inelastic confinement-induced dipolar resonances occur. The latter are due to a coupling of the relative and center-of-mass motion caused by the anharmonicity of the external confinement.

Abstract:
In this paper we consider embedded eigenvalues of a Schroedinger Hamiltonian in a waveguide induced by a symmetric perturbation. It is shown that these eigenvalues become unstable and turn into resonances after twisting of the waveguide. The perturbative expansion of the resonance width is calculated for weakly twisted waveguides and the influence of the twist on resonances in a concrete model is discussed in detail.