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Is there Unruh radiation?  [PDF]
G. W. Ford,R. F. O'Connell
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2005.09.068
Abstract: It is generally accepted that a system undergoing uniform acceleration with respect to zero-temperature vacuum will thermalize at a finite temperature (the so-called Unruh temperature) that is proportional to the acceleration. However, the question of whether or not the system actually radiates is highly controversial. Thus, we are motivated to present an exact calculation using a generalized quantum Langevin equation to describe an oscillator (the detector) moving under a constant force and coupled to a one-dimensional scalar field (scalar electrodynamics). Moreover, our analysis is simplified by using the oscillator as a detector. We show that this system does not radiate despite the fact that it does in fact thermalize at the Unruh temperature. We remark upon a differing opinion expressed regarding a system coupled to the electromagnetic field.
Is there emitted radiation in Unruh effect?  [PDF]
B. L. Hu,Alpan Raval
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: The thermal radiance felt by a uniformly accelerated detector/oscillator/atom--the Unruh effect-- is often mistaken to be some emitted radiation detectable by an observer/probe/sensor. Here we show by an explicit calculation of the energy momentum tensor of a quantum scalar field that, at least in 1+1 dimension, while a polarization cloud is found to exist around the particle trajectory, there is no emitted radiation from a uniformly accelerated oscillator in equilibrium conditions. Under nonequilibrium conditions which can prevail for non-uniformly accelerated trajectories or before the atom or oscillator reaches equilibrium, there is conceivably radiation emitted, but that is not what Unruh effect entails.
Hawking radiation, Unruh radiation and the equivalence principle  [PDF]
Douglas Singleton,Steve Wilburn
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.081102
Abstract: We compare the response function of an Unruh-DeWitt detector for different space-times and different vacua and show that there is a {\it detailed} violation of the equivalence principle. In particular comparing the response of an accelerating detector to a detector at rest in a Schwarzschild space-time we find that both detectors register thermal radiation, but for a given, equivalent acceleration the fixed detector in the Schwarzschild space-time measures a higher temperature. This allows one to locally distinguish the two cases. As one approaches the horizon the two temperatures have the same limit so that the equivalence principle is restored at the horizon.
A WKB-like approach to Unruh Radiation  [PDF]
Andrea de Gill,Douglas Singleton,Valeria Akhmedova,Terry Pilling
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1119/1.3308568
Abstract: Unruh radiation is the thermal flux seen by an accelerated observer moving through Minkowski spacetime. In this article we study Unruh radiation as tunneling through a barrier. We use a WKB-like method to obtain the tunneling rate and the temperature of the Unruh radiation. This derivation brings together many topics into a single problem - classical mechanics, relativity, relativistic field theory, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and mathematical physics. Moreover, this gravitational WKB method helps to highlight the following subtle points: (i) the tunneling rate strictly should be written as the closed path integral of the canonical momentum; (ii) for the case of the gravitational WKB problem, there is a time-like contribution to the tunneling rate arising from an imaginary change of the time coordinate upon crossing the horizon. This temporal contribution to the tunneling rate has no analog in the ordinary quantum mechanical WKB calculation.
On the Cancellation Mechanism of Radiation from the Unruh detector  [PDF]
S. Iso,K. Yamamoto,S. Zhang
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: A uniformly accelerated detector (Unruh detector) in the Minkowski vacuum is excited as if it is exposed to the thermal bath with temperature proportional to its acceleration. In the inertial frame, since both of an excitation and a deexcitation of the detector are accompanied by emission of radiation into the Minkowski vacuum, one may suspect that the Unruh detector emits radiation like the Larmor radiation from an accelerated charged particle. However, it is known that the radiation is miraculously cancelled by a quantum interference effect. In this paper, we investigate under what condition the radiation cancels out. We first show that the cancellation occurs if the Green function satisfies a relation similar to the Kubo-Martin-Schwinger (KMS) condition. We then study two examples, Unruh detectors in the 3+1 dimensional Minkowski spacetime and in the de Sitter spacetime. In both cases, the relation holds only in a restricted region of the spacetime, but the radiation is cancelled in the whole spacetime. Hence the KMS-like relation is necessary but not sufficient for the cancellation to occur.
Hadron Freeze-Out and Unruh Radiation  [PDF]
Paolo Castorina,Alfredo Iorio,Helmut Satz
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We consider hadron production in high energy collisions as an Unruh radiation phenomenon. This mechanism describes the production pattern of newly formed hadrons and is directly applicable at vanishing baryochemical potential, mu = 0. It had already been found to correctly yield the hadronisation temperature, T_h = sqrt(sigma / 2 pi) = 165 MeV in terms of the string tension sigma. Here we show that the Unruh mechanism also predicts hadronic freeze-out conditions, giving s/T_h^3 = 3 pi^2 / 4 = 7.4 in terms of the entropy density s and E/N = \sqrt(2 pi sigma) = 1.09 for the average energy per hadron. These predictions provide a theoretical basis for previous phenomenological results and are also in accord with recent lattice studies.
Revisiting W gamma production at RHIC  [PDF]
H. Kawamura,Y. Kiyo,J. Kodaira,K. Morii
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1143/PTP.107.125
Abstract: We discuss W gamma production in polarized p p collisions at RHIC energy. We point out that the RHIC collider has two advantages over other hadron colliders to measure the characteristic feature of W gamma production: (1) the RHIC energy is not so high and (2) the polarized beams are available. We calculate the tree level cross section for W gamma production using a generic spin basis for W and discuss both the angular dependence and spin correlation.
Does Unruh radiation accelerate the universe? A novel approach to the cosmic acceleration  [PDF]
Hongsheng Zhang,Hyerim Noh,Zong-Hong Zhu,Hongwei Yu
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2009.08.013
Abstract: We present a novel mechanism for the present acceleration of the universe. We find that the temperature of the Unruh radiation perceived by the brane is not equal to the inherent temperature (Hawking temperature at the apparent horizon) of the brane universe in the frame of Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) braneworld model. The Unruh radiation perceived by a dust dominated brane is always warmer than the brane measured by the geometric temperature, which naturally induces an energy flow between bulk and brane based on the most sound thermodynamics principles. Through a thorough investigation to the microscopic mechanism of interaction between bulk Unruh radiation and brane matter, we put forward that an energy influx from bulk Unruh radiation to the dust matter on the brane accelerates the universe.
Unruh effect as particular Frenet-Serret vacuum radiation and detection proposals  [PDF]
H. C. Rosu
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: The paradigmatic Unruh radiation is an ideal and simple case of stationary scalar vacuum radiation patterns related to worldlines defined as Frenet-Serret curves. We briefly review the corresponding body of theoretical literature as well as the proposals that have been suggested to detect these types of quantum field radiation patterns
Unruh Radiation, Holography and Boundary Cosmology  [PDF]
Sumit R. Das,Andrei Zelnikov
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.64.104001
Abstract: A uniformly acclerated observer in anti-deSitter space-time is known to detect thermal radiation when the acceleration exceeds a critical value. We investigate the holographic interpretation of this phenomenon. For uniformly accelerated trajectories transverse to the boundary of the AdS space, the hologram is a blob which expands along the boundary. Observers on the boundary co-moving with the hologram become observers in cosmological space-times. For supercritical accelerations one gets a Milne universe when the holographic screen is the boundary in Poincare coordinates, while for the boundary in hyperspherical coordinates one gets deSitter spacetimes. The presence or absence of thermality is then interpreted in terms of specific classes of observers in these cosmologies.
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