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The coming of age of cosmophysics
Jacob, Maurice;
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652003000200002
Abstract: ''cosmophysics'' as reviewed is a multidisciplinary domain which brings together astroparticle physics, fundamental physics in space and topics related to the structure and evolution of the universe. it represents a growing interface between high-energy particle physics and astro-physics. this paper presents a general overview of the subject, focusing on cosmology, cosmic rays, dark matter searches and the soon-expected observation of gravitational waves.
The coming of age of cosmophysics  [cached]
Jacob Maurice
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2003,
Abstract: ''Cosmophysics'' as reviewed is a multidisciplinary domain which brings together astroparticle physics, fundamental physics in space and topics related to the structure and evolution of the Universe. It represents a growing interface between high-energy particle physics and astro-physics. This paper presents a general overview of the subject, focusing on cosmology, cosmic rays, dark matter searches and the soon-expected observation of gravitational waves.
The Evolution of Theisms: The Four Technological Revolutions and the Four Theistic Revolutions  [PDF]
Dingyu Chung
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.74018
Abstract: This paper posits that in the evolution of theisms, the main function of theism is to pacify enlarged social structure derived from technological revolution. Therefore, the four technological revolutions (the Upper Paleolithic, Agricultural-Bronze, Iron, and Industrial Revolutions) produce the four enlarged social structures (linked egalitarian bands, decentralized union of hierarchical states, mega centralized empire, and global human community, respectively) whose internal conflicts to be pacified by the four theistic revolutions (the Egalitarian Band, Pluralistic State, Top-down Imperial, and Bottom-up Community Theistic Revolutions, respectively, for the egalitarian band, pluralistic state, top-down imperial, and bottom-up community theisms, respectively). This paper deals with the evolution of theisms in accordance of a biological understanding of evolution in terms of natural selection. For natural selection of the evolution of theisms through individual human innovations, theism better adapted to their environment, mainly, the technological revolution, tends to survive and propagate. In conclusion, biological evolution, the evolution of theisms, and bottom-up community theism are bottom-up processes involving bottom-up organisms’ efforts.
The Science of Structural Revolutions
William P. Graf
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2009,
Abstract: A perspective on the very human process by which scientific paradigms change can help point the path forward in any science, or in an applied science, such as Structural Engineering. Understanding this process of change, we can examine earthquake engineering, seismic building codes and theories of structural engineering for earthquake loads. When we take this perspective, we recognize that Structural Engineering for earthquake resistance is in the midst of a number of revolutions, from paradigms embodied in current building codes in which earthquake demands are associated with forces, to a new paradigm in which earthquake demands are re-envisioned as resulting from structural displacements or drift. The new paradigm is embodied in the current national standard for the seismic rehabilitation of existing structures, ASCE 41 [2] and the emerging standards for performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE). Associated with this is the shift from design oriented towards life-safety to design for a range of performance objectives, such as life-safety, damage reduction, or immediate occupancy. With this perspective, we further recognize deficiencies in research and development. We have failed to systematically use the experimental and computational tools we possess to fill in the gaps of scientific knowledge. We have not developed and deployed appropriate frameworks to collect and share ideas and results. As one example, the formulation of performance-based codes now outstrips the knowledge-base needed to ensure that structures designed by the new tools will meet their performance objectives.
Mexico′s long revolutions
Petri Minkkinen
Historia Actual Online , 2011,
Abstract: México celebraba en el a o 2010 el Bicentenario del empiezo de sus luchas de independencia y el Centenario de la Revolución Mexicana de 1910. Lo que no se celebra oficialmente es el proceso revolucionario contemporáneo, aunque sus ciertas fases han incluido entusiasmo por parte de diferentes actores sociales. En este artículo les ofrezco un análisis histórico de estos procesos revolucionarios como tres largas revoluciones de México. Además de eso, las explicaré dentro de un contexto histórico más amplio la transición desde un contexto histórico amplio eurocéntrico hacia un contexto histórico amplio no-eurocéntrico, que podemos entender también como la Primera Verdadera Revolución Mundial (PVRM). Empiezo con la explicación de este contexto histórico amplio. Continúo con el análisis del proceso de independencia desde 1810 así como la Revolución Mexicana desde 1910. Adelanto con la explicación de la tercera larga revolución mexicana, para la cual he seleccionado como el a o del empiezo el 1988 y las elecciones presidenciales. Otros posibles a os del empiezo podrían ser la represión del movimiento estudiantil en 1968 y la rebelión neozapatista desde 1994. En manera de conclusión se analiza como las largas revoluciones mexicanas están conectadas a las transiciones en la esfera del contexto histórico amplio. Palabras clave: México, revolución, largas revoluciones, Primera Verdadera Revolución Mundial (PVEM) ___________________________ Abstract: Mexico celebrated in 2010 the Bicentenary of the beginning of its struggles of independence and the Centenary of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. What is not celebrated officially is the contemporary revolutionary process though some of its phases have included enthusiasm for the part of different social actors. In this article I offer you a historical analysis of these revolutionary processes as Mexico’s three long revolutions. Besides that I will explain them within the broader historical context of the transition from the broad Eurocentric historical context towards a non-Eurocentric broad historical context, which can also be understood as the First Real World Revolution (FRWR). I begin by explaining this broad historical context. I continue with the analysis of the independence process from 1810 as well as the Mexican Revolution from 1910. I proceed with the explanation of the third long Mexican revolution, for which I have selected 1988 and its presidential elections as a year of beginning. Other possible years of beginning could be the repression of the student movement in 1968 or the rebellion of the Neozapatist
Time Symmetry in Microphysics  [PDF]
Huw Price
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: Physics takes for granted that interacting physical systems with no common history are independent, before their interaction. This principle is time-asymmetric, for no such restriction applies to systems with no common future, after an interaction. The time-asymmetry is normally attributed to boundary conditions. I argue that there are two distinct independence principles of this kind at work in contemporary physics, one of which cannot be attributed to boundary conditions, and therefore conflicts with the assumed T (or CPT) symmetry of microphysics. I note that this may have interesting ramifications in quantum mechanics.
Testing microphysics data  [PDF]
Przemys?aw Walczak,Jadwiga Daszyńska-Daszkiewicz
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1017/S1743921313014361
Abstract: High precision asteroseismic data provide a unique opportunity to test input microphysics such as stellar opacities, chemical composition or equation of state. These tests are possible because pulsational frequencies as well as amplitudes and phases of the light variations are very sensitive to the internal structure of a star. We can therefore compute pulsation models and compare them with observations. The agreement or differences should tell us whether some models are adequate or not, and which input data need to be improved.
Radu-Alexandru CUCUT
Lex et Scientia , 2010,
Abstract: The paper tries to assess the role the military plays in revolutions. The first part of the study focuses on the manner in which the competing theories of revolutions try to explain and accommodate the military’s participation in revolutions, attempting to show that the limits of these theoretical enterprises call for a renewed research into the subject at hand. The second part of the paper tries to build a conceptual model, starting from the hypotheses of Charles Tilly, Samuel Huntington and Mehran Kamrava, tested on two particular cases – that of the 1958 Egyptian Revolution and that of the 1958 Iraqi Revolution that can better account for the military’s participation in revolutions and explain when does the military become a revolutionary force and what are the characteristics of revolutions in which the military plays a key-role.
The Effects of Turkish Revolution on The Indian and Iranian Revolutions
Hayriye Yüksel
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2010,
Abstract: Turkish revolution is an example worldwide because of revolution’s anti-imperialist character after the First World War. Although Turkish, Indian and Iranian Revolutions did not occur in the same time, Indian and Iranian Revolutions were affected by the Struggle of Turkish Revolution against to imperialist power and Turkeyís reforms which formulize the Turkish Republic after the Turkish independency war. However, these two revolutions, Iranian and Indian, are not completely the same with the Turkish Revolution, as a matter of fact every revolution has sui generous character due to the communityís socio-economic and political specialities which are the basic of revolution. The purpose of this essay is to analyze Turkish revolution affect on the Indian and Iranian Revolutions with their sui generous specialties.
Intranets in French firms: evolutions and revolutions
Emmanuelle Vaast
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2001,
Abstract: (Progressive) evolutions and (radical) revolutions characterise the temporal paths of intranets in French firms. Based on the results of 12 case studies, this research has adopted a dynamic perspective. It has focused on the implementation and subsequent evolution of intranets, the ways they are shaped by and impact diverse aspects of organisational life, including strategic management and daily tasks. It shows that gradual and radical changes are not mutually exclusive but complementary. On the one hand, intranets evolve incrementally, by co-construction of their technical and organisational dimensions. On the other hand, they experience substantial changes aimed at interpreting them in new ways. This dual pace is noticeable in the changes intranets provide on critical organisational dimensions, such as information management and human resources policies. Finally, this dynamic perspective underscores how new balances in traditional managerial tensions may be reached as a result of these radical and progressive co-evolutions between intranets and organisations.
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