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Observation of a J^PC = 1-+ exotic resonance in diffractive dissociation of 190 GeV/c pi- into pi- pi- pi+  [PDF]
The COMPASS Collaboration,A. Alekseev
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.241803
Abstract: The COMPASS experiment at the CERN SPS has studied the diffractive dissociation of negative pions into the pi- pi- pi+ final state using a 190 GeV/c pion beam hitting a lead target. A partial wave analysis has been performed on a sample of 420000 events taken at values of the squared 4-momentum transfer t' between 0.1 and 1 GeV^2/c^2. The well-known resonances a1(1260), a2(1320), and pi2(1670) are clearly observed. In addition, the data show a significant natural parity exchange production of a resonance with spin-exotic quantum numbers J^PC = 1-+ at 1.66 GeV/c^2 decaying to rho pi. The resonant nature of this wave is evident from the mass-dependent phase differences to the J^PC = 2-+ and 1++ waves. From a mass-dependent fit a resonance mass of 1660 +- 10+0-64 MeV/c^2 and a width of 269+-21+42-64 MeV/c^2 is deduced.
Diffractive Dissociation of 190 GeV/c $π^-$ into $π^-π^+π^-$ Final States at COMPASS  [PDF]
Boris Grube,for the COMPASS Collaboration
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X11052347
Abstract: We present results from a Partial-Wave Analysis (PWA) of diffractive dissociation of 190 GeV/c $\pi^-$ into $\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-$ final states on nuclear targets. A PWA of the data sample taken during a COMPASS pilot run in 2004 on a Pb target showed a significant spin-exotic $J^{PC} = 1^{-+}$ resonance consistent with the controversial $\pi_1(1600)$, which is considered to be a candidate for a non-$q\bar{q}$ mesonic state. In 2008 COMPASS collected a large diffractive $\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-$ data sample using a hydrogen target. A first comparison with the 2004 data shows a strong target dependence of the production strength of states with spin projections $M = 0$ and 1.
New results on the search for spin-exotic mesons with COMPASS  [PDF]
Frank Nerling,for the COMPASS Collaboration
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The COMPASS fixed-target experiment at the CERN-SPS studies the structure and spectrum of hadrons. One important goal using hadron beams is the search for new states, in particular spin-exotic mesons and glueballs. As a first input to the puzzle, COMPASS observed a significant $J^{PC}$ spin-exotic signal in the 2004 pilot run data (190\,GeV/$c$ $\pi^{-}$ beam, Pb target) in three charged pion final states consistent with the disputed $\pi_1(1600)$. We started our hadron spectroscopy programme in 2008 by collecting very high statistics using a 190 GeV/$c$ negative pion beam scattered off a liquid hydrogen (proton) target. The current status and new results from the 2008 data on the search for the $\pi_1(1600)$ resonance with exotic $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ quantum numbers obtained from partial-wave analyses of the $\rho\pi$ and $\eta'\pi$ decay channels are presented.
Hadron spectroscopy with COMPASS -- First results  [PDF]
Frank Nerling,for the COMPASS collaboration
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: The COMPASS experiment at CERN is dedicated to light hadron spectroscopy with emphasis on the detection of new states, in particular the search for spin exotic states and glueballs. After a short pilot run in 2004 (190 GeV/c $\pi^{-}$ beam, Pb target) showing significant production strength of an exotic $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ state at 1.66\,GeV/${\rm c^2}$, we have collected data with 190 GeV/c hadron beams on a liquid hydrogen target in 2008/09. The spectrometer features good coverage by calorimetry and our data provide excellent opportunity for simultaneous observation of new states in different decay modes. The diffractively produced $(3\pi)^{-}$ system for example can be studied in both modes $\pi^{-}p \rightarrow \pi^{-}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}p$ and $\pi^{-}~p \rightarrow \pi^{-}\pi^{0}\pi^{0}~p$. Reconstruction of charged and neutral mode rely on completely different parts of the apparatus. Observation of new st ates in both modes provides important checks. The results on diffractive dissociation into 3$\pi$ final states from the 2004 data recently published are discussed as well as the first comparison of neutral vs. charged mode based on a first partial wave analysis of 2008 data.
Hadron Spectroscopy with COMPASS  [PDF]
Boris Grube,for the COMPASS Collaboration
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1063/1.3700539
Abstract: COMPASS is a multi-purpose fixed-target experiment at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron aimed at studying the structure and spectrum of hadrons. One primary goal is the search for new hadronic states, in particular spin-exotic mesons and glueballs. We present recent results of partial-wave analyses of (3\pi)^- and \pi^-\eta' final states based on a large data set of diffractive dissociation of a 190 GeV/c \pi^- beam on a proton target in the squared four-momentum-transfer range 0.1 < t' < 1 (GeV/c)^2. We also show first results from a partial-wave analysis of diffractive dissociation of K^- into K^-\pi^+\pi^- final states are presented.
Diffractive pion production at COMPASS -- First results on 3$π$ final states - neutral mode  [PDF]
Frank Nerling for the COMPASS Collaboration
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1063/1.3483335
Abstract: The COMPASS experiment at CERN is designed for light hadron spectroscopy with emphasis on the detection of new states, in particular the search for exotic states and glue-balls. After a short pilot run in 2004 (190 GeV/c negative pion beam, lead target) showing significant production strength for an exotic $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ state at 1.66\,GeV/${\rm c^2}$, we have collected data with a 190 GeV/c negative charged hadron beam on a proton (liquid hydrogen) and nuclear targets in 2008 and 2009. The spectrometer features good coverage by electromagnetic calorimetry, and our data provide excellent opportunity for simultaneous observation of new states in two different decay modes in the same experiment. The diffractively produced $(3\pi)^{-}$ system for example can be studied in both modes $\pi^{-}p \rightarrow \pi^{-}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}p$ and $\pi^{-}~p \rightarrow \pi^{-}\pi^{0}\pi^{0}~p$. Charged and neutral mode rely on completely different parts of the spectrometer. Observing a new state in both modes provides important cross-check. First results of a preliminary PWA performed on the 2008 data are presented.
Meson spectroscopy with COMPASS  [PDF]
Frank Nerling,for the COMPASS collaboration
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/312/3/032017
Abstract: The COMPASS fixed-target experiment at CERN SPS is dedicated to the study of hadron structure and dynamics. In the physics programme using hadron beams, the focus is on the detection of new states, in particular the search for $J^{PC}$ exotic states and glueballs. After a short pilot run in 2004 (190 GeV/c negative pion beam, lead target), we started our hadron spectroscopy programme in 2008 by collecting an unprecedented statistics with a negative hadron beam (190 GeV/c) on a liquid hydrogen target. A similar amount of data with positive hadron beam (190 GeV/c) has been taken in 2009, as well as some additional data with negative beam on nuclear targets. The spectrometer features a large angular acceptance and high momentum resolution and also good coverage by electromagnetic calorimetry, crucial for the detection of final states involving $\pi^0$ or $\eta$. A first important result is the observation of a significant $J^{PC}$ spin exotic signal consistent with the disputed $\pi_1(1600)$ in the pilot run data. This result was recently published. We present an overview of the status of various ongoing analyses on the 2008/09 data.
COMPASS Hadron Spectroscopy -- Final states involving neutrals and kaons  [PDF]
Frank Nerling,for the COMPASS collaboration
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X11052785
Abstract: The COMPASS experiment at CERN is well designed for light-hadron spectroscopy with emphasis on the detection of new states, in particular the search for $J^{PC}$-exotic states and glueballs. We have collected data with 190 GeV/c charged hadron beams on a liquid hydrogen and nuclear targets in 2008/09. The spectrometer features good coverage by electromagnetic calorimetry and a RICH detector further provides $\pi$ / $K$ separation, allowing for studying final states involving neutral particles like $\pi^0$ or $\eta$ as well as hidden strangeness, respectively. We discuss the status of ongoing analyses with specific focus on diffractively produced $(\pi^0\pi^0\pi)^{-}$ as well as $(K\bar{K}\pi)^{-}$ final states.
Meson Spectroscopy at COMPASS  [PDF]
Boris Grube,for the COMPASS collaboration
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The COmmon Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy (COMPASS) is a multi-purpose fixed-target experiment at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) aimed at studying the structure and spectrum of hadrons. The two-stage spectrometer has a good acceptance for charged as well as neutral particles over a wide kinematic range and thus allows to access a wide range of reactions. Light mesons are studied with negative (mostly $\pi^-$) and positive ($p$, $\pi^+$) hadron beams with a momentum of 190 GeV/$c$. The spectrum of light mesons is investigated in various final states produced in diffractive dissociation reactions at squared four-momentum transfers to the target between 0.1 and 1.0 $(\text{GeV}/c)^2$. The flagship channel is the $\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-$ final state, for which COMPASS has recorded the currently largest data sample. These data not only allow to measure the properties of known resonances with high precision, but also to search for new states. Among these is a new resonance-like signal, the $a_1(1420)$, with unusual properties. Of particular interest is also the resonance content of the partial wave with spin-exotic $J^{PC} = 1^{-+}$ quantum numbers, which are forbidden for quark-antiquark states.
Hadron Spectroscopy with COMPASS -- Newest Results  [PDF]
Frank Nerling,for the COMPASS Collaboration
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The COMPASS experiment at the CERN SPS investigates the structure and spectrum of hadrons by scattering high energetic hadrons and polarised muons off various fixed targets. During the years 2002-2007, COMPASS focused on nucleon spin physics using 160 GeV/c polarised $\mu^+$ beams on polarised deuteron and proton targets, including measurements of the gluon contribution to the nucleon spin using longitudinal target polarisation as well as studies of transverse spin effects in the nucleon on a transversely polarised target. One major goal of the physics programme using hadron beams is the search for new states, in particular the search for $J^{PC}$ exotic states and glue-balls. COMPASS measures not only charged but also neutral final-state particles, allowing for investigation of new objects in different reactions and decay channels. In addition COMPASS can measure low-energy QCD constants like, e.g. the electromagnetic polarisability of the pion. Apart from a few days pilot run data taken in 2004 with a 190 GeV/c $\pi^{-}$ beam on a Pb target, showing a significant spin-exotic $J^{PC}$ = $1^{-+}$ resonance at around 1660 MeV/$c^{2}$, COMPASS collected high statistics with negative and positive 190 GeV/$c$ hadron beams on a proton (H$_2$) and nuclear (Ni, Pb) targets in 2008 and 2009. We give a selected overview of the newest results and discuss the status of various ongoing analyses.
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