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New class of post-Newtonian approximants to the waveform templates of inspiralling compact binaries: Test-mass in the Schwarzschild spacetime  [PDF]
P. Ajith,Bala R. Iyer,C. A. K. Robinson,B. S. Sathyaprakash
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.72.049902
Abstract: (Abridged): The standard adiabatic approximation to phasing of gravitational waves from inspiralling compact binaries uses the post-Newtonian expansions of the binding energy and gravitational wave flux both truncated at the same relative post-Newtonian order. Motivated by the eventual need to go beyond the adiabatic approximation we must view the problem as the dynamics of the binary under conservative post-Newtonian forces and gravitational radiation damping. From the viewpoint of the dynamics of the binary, the standard approximation at leading order is equivalent to retaining the 0PN and 2.5PN terms in the acceleration and neglecting the intervening 1PN and 2PN terms. A complete mathematically consistent treatment of the acceleration at leading order should include all PN terms up to 2.5PN without any gaps. These define the 'standard' and 'complete' non-adiabatic approximants respectively. We propose a new and simple complete adiabatic approximant constructed from the energy and flux functions. At the leading order it uses the 2PN energy function rather than the 0PN one in the standard approximation so that in spirit it corresponds to the dynamics where there are no missing post-Newtonian terms in the acceleration. We compare the overlaps of the standard and complete adiabatic approximants with the exact waveforms for a test-particle orbiting a Schwarzschild black hole. The complete adiabatic approximants lead to a remarkable improvement in the effectualness at lower PN (< 3PN) orders. However, standard adiabatic approximants of order $\geq$ 3PN are nearly as good as the complete adiabatic approximants for the construction of effectual templates. Standard and complete approximants beyond the adiabatic approximation are next studied using the Lagrangian models of Buonanno, Chen and Vallisneri.
Gravitational waves from inspiralling compact binaries: Parameter estimation using second-post-Newtonian waveforms  [PDF]
Eric Poisson,Clifford M. Will
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.52.848
Abstract: The parameters of inspiralling compact binaries can be estimated using matched filtering of gravitational-waveform templates against the output of laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors. Using a recently calculated formula, accurate to second post-Newtonian (2PN) order [order $(v/c)^4$, where $v$ is the orbital velocity], for the frequency sweep ($dF/dt$) induced by gravitational radiation damping, we study the statistical errors in the determination of such source parameters as the ``chirp mass'' $\cal M$, reduced mass $\mu$, and spin parameters $\beta$ and $\sigma$ (related to spin-orbit and spin-spin effects, respectively). We find that previous results using template phasing accurate to 1.5PN order actually underestimated the errors in $\cal M$, $\mu$, and $\beta$. For two inspiralling neutron stars, the measurement errors increase by less than 16 percent.
New Class of Gravitational Wave Templates for Inspiralling Compact Binaries  [PDF]
Achamveedu Gopakumar
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: Compact binaries inspiralling along quasi-circular orbits are the most plausible gravitational wave (GW) sources for the operational, planned and proposed laser interferometers. We provide new class of restricted post-Newtonian accurate GW templates for non-spinning compact binaries inspiralling along PN accurate quasi-circular orbits. Arguments based on data analysis, theoretical and astrophysical considerations are invoked to show why these time-domain Taylor approximants should be interesting to various GW data analysis communities.
Complete adiabatic waveform templates for a test-mass in the Schwarzschild spacetime: VIRGO and Advanced LIGO studies  [PDF]
P. Ajith,Bala R. Iyer,C. A. K. Robinson,B. S. Sathyaprakash
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/22/18/S32
Abstract: Post-Newtonian expansions of the binding energy and gravitational wave flux truncated at the {\it same relative} post-Newtonian order form the basis of the {\it standard adiabatic} approximation to the phasing of gravitational waves from inspiralling compact binaries. Viewed in terms of the dynamics of the binary, the standard approximation is equivalent to neglecting certain conservative post-Newtonian terms in the acceleration. In an earlier work, we had proposed a new {\it complete adiabatic} approximant constructed from the energy and flux functions. At the leading order it employs the 2PN energy function rather than the 0PN one in the standard approximation, so that, effectively the approximation corresponds to the dynamics where there are no missing post-Newtonian terms in the acceleration. In this paper, we compare the overlaps of the standard and complete adiabatic templates with the exact waveform in the adiabatic approximation of a test-mass motion in the Schwarzschild spacetime, for the VIRGO and the Advanced LIGO noise spectra. It is found that the complete adiabatic approximants lead to a remarkable improvement in the {\it effectualness} at lower PN ($<$ 3PN) orders, while standard approximants of order $\geq$ 3PN provide a good lower-bound to the complete approximants for the construction of effectual templates. {\it Faithfulness} of complete approximants is better than that of standard approximants except for a few post-Newtonian orders. Standard and complete approximants beyond the adiabatic approximation are also studied using the Lagrangian templates of Buonanno, Chen and Vallisneri.
The third post-Newtonian gravitational wave polarisations and associated spherical harmonic modes for inspiralling compact binaries in quasi-circular orbits  [PDF]
Luc Blanchet,Guillaume Faye,Bala R. Iyer,Siddhartha Sinha
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/25/16/165003
Abstract: The gravitational waveform (GWF) generated by inspiralling compact binaries moving in quasi-circular orbits is computed at the third post-Newtonian (3PN) approximation to general relativity. Our motivation is two-fold: (i) To provide accurate templates for the data analysis of gravitational wave inspiral signals in laser interferometric detectors; (ii) To provide the associated spin-weighted spherical harmonic decomposition to facilitate comparison and match of the high post-Newtonian prediction for the inspiral waveform to the numerically-generated waveforms for the merger and ringdown. This extension of the GWF by half a PN order (with respect to previous work at 2.5PN order) is based on the algorithm of the multipolar post-Minkowskian formalism, and mandates the computation of the relations between the radiative, canonical and source multipole moments for general sources at 3PN order. We also obtain the 3PN extension of the source multipole moments in the case of compact binaries, and compute the contributions of hereditary terms (tails, tails-of-tails and memory integrals) up to 3PN order. The end results are given for both the complete plus and cross polarizations and the separate spin-weighted spherical harmonic modes.
Gravitational waves from inspiralling compact binaries: Energy loss and waveform to second--post-Newtonian order  [PDF]
Luc Blanchet,Thibault Damour,Bala R. Iyer
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.54.1860
Abstract: Gravitational waves generated by inspiralling compact binaries are investigated to the second--post-Newtonian (2PN) approximation of general relativity. Using a recently developed 2PN-accurate wave generation formalism, we compute the gravitational waveform and associated energy loss rate from a binary system of point-masses moving on a quasi-circular orbit. The crucial new input is our computation of the 2PN-accurate ``source'' quadrupole moment of the binary. Tails in both the waveform and energy loss rate at infinity are explicitly computed. Gravitational radiation reaction effects on the orbital frequency and phase of the binary are deduced from the energy loss. In the limiting case of a very small mass ratio between the two bodies we recover the results obtained by black hole perturbation methods. We find that finite mass ratio effects are very significant as they increase the 2PN contribution to the phase by up to 52\%. The results of this paper should be of use when deciphering the signals observed by the future LIGO/VIRGO network of gravitational-wave detectors.
Recovering a spinning inspiralling compact binary waveform immersed in LIGO-like noise with spinning templates  [PDF]
László Veréb,Zoltán Keresztes,Péter Raffai,Szabolcs Mészáros,László á. Gergely
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/228/1/012003
Abstract: We investigate the recovery chances of highly spinning waveforms immersed in LIGO S5-like noise by performing a matched filtering with 10^6 randomly chosen spinning waveforms generated with the LAL package. While the masses of the compact binary are reasonably well recovered (slightly overestimated), the same does not hold true for the spins. We show the best fit matches both in the time-domain and the frequency-domain. These encompass some of the spinning characteristics of the signal, but far less than what would be required to identify the astrophysical parameters of the system. An improvement of the matching method is necessary, though may be difficult due to the noisy signal.
Comparing gravitational waves from nonprecessing and precessing black hole binaries in the corotating frame  [PDF]
Larne Pekowsky,Richard O'Shaughnessy,Jim Healy,Deirdre Shoemaker
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.024040
Abstract: Previous analytic and numerical calculations suggest that, at each instant, the emission from a precessing black hole binary closely resembles the emission from a nonprecessing analog. In this paper we quantitatively explore the validity and limitations of that correspondence, extracting the radiation from a large collection of roughly two hundred generic black hole binary merger simulations both in the simulation frame and in a corotating frame that tracks precession. To a first approximation, the corotating-frame waveforms resemble nonprecessing analogs, based on similarity over a band-limited frequency interval defined using a fiducial detector (here, advanced LIGO) and the source's total mass $M$. By restricting attention to masses $M\in 100, 1000 M_\odot$, we insure our comparisons are sensitive only to our simulated late-time inspiral, merger, and ringdown signals. In this mass region, every one of our precessing simulations can be fit by some physically similar member of the \texttt{IMRPhenomB} phenomenological waveform family to better than 95%; most fit significantly better. The best-fit parameters at low and high mass correspond to natural physical limits: the pre-merger orbit and post-merger perturbed black hole. Our results suggest that physically-motivated synthetic signals can be derived by viewing radiation from suitable nonprecessing binaries in a suitable nonintertial reference frame. While a good first approximation, precessing systems have degrees of freedom (i.e., the transverse spins) which a nonprecessing simulation cannot reproduce. We quantify the extent to which these missing degrees of freedom limit the utility of synthetic precessing signals for detection and parameter estimation.
Circular inspiral templates  [PDF]
Manuel Tessmer
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Recently, a new class of restricted gravitational wave search templates, termed the TaylorEt template was proposed for the search of inspiralling compact binaries. The TaylorEt approximant is different from the usual time-domain post-Newtonian approximants in that it employs the orbital binding energy rather than the orbital frequency or the closely related parameter "x". We perform detailed studies to probe the fitting factors of TaylorEt at 3.5pN for nonspinning comparable mass compact binaries vis-a-vis the TaylorT1, TaylorT4, and TaylorF2 at 3.5pN approximants in LIGO, Advanced LIGO and Virgo interferometers.
Gravitational waves from compact binaries inspiralling along post-Newtonian accurate eccentric orbits: Data analysis implications  [PDF]
M. Tessmer,A. Gopakumar
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.78.084029
Abstract: Compact binaries inspiralling along eccentric orbits are plausible gravitational wave (GW) sources for the ground-based laser interferometers. We explore the losses in the event rates incurred when searching for GWs from compact binaries inspiralling along post-Newtonian accurate eccentric orbits with certain obvious non-optimal search templates. For the present analysis, GW signals having 2.5 post-Newtonian accurate orbital evolution are modeled following the phasing formalism, presented in [T. Damour, A. Gopakumar, and B. R. Iyer, Phys. Rev. D \textbf{70}, 064028 (2004)]. We demonstrate that the search templates that model in a gauge-invariant manner GWs from compact binaries inspiralling under qudrupolar radiation reaction along 2PN accurate circular orbits are very efficient in capturing our somewhat realistic GW signals. However, three types of search templates based on the adiabatic, complete adiabatic and gauge-dependent complete non-adiabatic approximants, detailed in [P. Ajith, B. R. Iyer, C. A. K. Robinson and B. S. Sathyaprakash, %``A new class of post-Newtonian approximants to the dynamics of inspiralling %compact binaries: Test-mass in the Schwarzschild spacetime,'' Phys. Rev. D {\bf 71}, 044029 (2005)], relevant for the circular inspiral under the qudrupolar radiation reaction were found to be inefficient in capturing the above mentioned eccentric signal. We conclude that further investigations will be required to probe the ability of various types of PN accurate circular templates, employed to analyze the LIGO/VIRGO data, to capture GWs from compact binaries having tiny orbital eccentricities.
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