Abstract:
We apply the effective Lagrangian approach to investigate the role of the nucleon resonances in $\omega$ meson photoproduction at energies near the threshold. The resonant amplitudes are calculated from effective Lagrangians with the gamma NN* and omega NN* coupling constants fixed by the empirical helicity amplitudes and the vector meson dominance model. The contributions from the nucleon resonances are found to be significant in changing the differential cross sections in a wide interval of t and various spin observables.

Abstract:
A multipole analysis of vector meson photoproduction is formulated as a generalization of the pseudoscalar meson case. Expansion of spin observables in the multipole basis and behavior of these observables near threshold and resonances are examined.

Abstract:
The $\omega$-meson photoproduction, $\gamma+p\to p+\omega$, is studied in the framework of a model, containing $\pi$-meson exchange in t-channel and nucleon-exchange in s- and u-channels. Considering both $\omega NN$-coupling constants in the region of time-like meson four momenta as the free parameters, we find different sets of solutions for these constants from the existing data on the t-dependence of the differential cross sections, $d\sigma(\gamma+p\to p+\omega)/dt$, in the near threshold region $E_{\gamma}\leq 2$ GeV. These sets of $\omega NN$-coupling constants, corresponding to destructive and constructive $\pi\bigotimes N$-interference contributions to $d\sigma/dt$ can be well distinguished by measurements of beam asymmetry, induced by linear photon polarization.

Abstract:
We propose a simple meson-exchange model of the photoproduction of $\rho$- and $\omega$-mesons off protons near threshold ($E_\gamma$ less than 2 GeV). This model provides a good description of the available data and implies a large $\rho$-nucleon interaction in the scalar channel ($\sigma$-exchange). We use this phenomenological interaction to estimate the leading contribution to the self-energy of $\rho$-mesons in matter. The implications of our calculation for experimental studies of the $\rho$-meson mass in nuclei are discussed.

Abstract:
We present a quark model study of the $\omega$ meson photoproduction near threshold. With a limited number of parameters, all the data in history are reproduced. The roles played by the {\it s}- and {\it u}-channel processes (resonance excitations and nucleon pole terms), as well as the {\it t}-channel {\it natural} (Pomeron) and {\it unnatural} parity (pion) exchanges are clarified. This approach provides a framework for systematic study of vector meson photoproduction near threshold.

Abstract:
Vector meson photoproduction and electroproduction have been suggested as a tool to find or confirm the nucleon resonances. In order to extract more reliable informations on the nucleon resonances, understanding the non-resonant background is indispensable. We consider final state interactions in omega photoproduction as a background production mechanism. For the intermediate states, we consider nucleon--vector-meson and nucleon-pion channels. The role of the final state interactions is discussed in omega meson photoproduction near threshold.

Abstract:
Photoproduction of $\phi$-meson on protons was studied by means of linearly polarized photons at forward angles in the low-energy region from threshold to $E_{\gamma}$= 2.37 GeV. The differential cross sections at $t = -|t|_{min}$ do not increase smoothly as $E_{\gamma}$ increases, but show a local maximum at around 2.0 GeV. The angular distributions demonstrate that $\phi$-mesons are photo-produced predominantly by helicity-conserving processes, and the local maximum is not likely due to unnatural-parity processes.

Abstract:
An experimental study of $\omega$ photoproduction on the proton was conducted by using the Crystal Ball and TAPS multiphoton spectrometers together with the photon tagging facility at the Mainz Microtron MAMI. The $\gamma p\to\omega p$ differential cross sections are measured from threshold to the incident-photon energy $E_\gamma=1.40$ GeV ($W=1.87$ GeV for the center-of-mass energy) with 15-MeV binning in $E_\gamma$ and full production-angle coverage. The quality of the present data near threshold gives access to a variety of interesting physics aspects. As an example, an estimation of the $\omega N$ scattering length $\alpha_{\omega p}$ is provided.

Abstract:
We discuss coherent and incoherent $\phi$ meson photoproduction off the deuteron at low energy and small momentum transfer with the aim to check whether the recent experimental data need for their interpretation the inclusion of exotic channels. Our analysis of the differential cross section and spin-density matrix elements shows that the existing data may be understood on the base of conventional dynamics. For a firm conclusion about a possible manifestation of exotic channels one has to improve the resolution of the data with providing additional information on channels with spin- and double-spin flip transitions being sensitive to the properties of the photoproduction amplitude in $\gamma p$ and $\gamma D$ reactions.

Abstract:
Very recent data for the reaction gamma{d} --> eta{np} are analyzed within a model that includes contributions from the impulse approximation and next order corrections due to the np and eta{N} interactions in the final state. Comparison between the calculations and data indicate sizable contributions from the np and eta{N} final state interactions close to threshold.