Abstract:
Recently, it has been shown that the change of resonance widths in an open system under a perturbation of its interior is a sensitive indicator of the nonorthogonality of resonance states. We apply this measure to quantify parametric motion of the resonances. In particular, a strong redistribution of the widths is linked with the maximal degree of nonorthogonality. Then for weakly open chaotic systems we discuss the effect of spectral rigidity on the statistical properties of the parametric width shifts, and derive the distribution of the latter in a picket-fence model with equidistant spectrum.

Abstract:
From the measurement of a reflection spectrum of an open microwave cavity the poles of the scattering matrix in the complex plane have been determined. The resonances have been extracted by means of the harmonic inversion method. By this it became possible to resolve the resonances in a regime where the line widths exceed the mean level spacing up to a factor of 10, a value inaccessible in experiments up to now. The obtained experimental distributions of line widths were found to be in perfect agreement with predictions from random matrix theory when wall absorption and fluctuations caused by couplings to additional channels are considered.

Abstract:
We investigate the structure of resonance widths of a Bose-Hubbard Dimer with intersite hopping amplitude $k$, which is coupled to continuum at one of the sites with strength $\gamma$. Using an effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonian formalism, we show that by varying the on-site interaction term $\chi$ the resonances undergo consequent bifurcations. For $\Lambda=k/\gamma\geq 0.5$, the bifurcation points follow a scaling law ${\tilde \chi}_n \equiv \chi_n N/k = f_{\Lambda}(n-0.5/\Lambda)$, where $N$ is the number of bosons. For the function $f_{\Lambda}$ two different $\Lambda$ dependences are found around the minimum and the maximum bifurcation point.

Abstract:
Recent data on neutron resonance widths indicate disagreement with the Porter-Thomas distribution (PTD). I discuss the theoretical arguments for the PTD, possible theoretical modifications, and I summarize the experimantal evidence.

Abstract:
In the framework of coupled-channel formalism the relativistic four-quark equations are found. The dynamical mixing of the meson-meson states with the four-quark states is considered. The four-quark amplitudes of the tetraquarks with open charm, including u, d, s, c quarks, are constructed. The poles of these amplitudes determine the masses and widths of tetraquarks.

Abstract:
In the framework of coupled-channel formalism the relativistic four-quark equations are found. The dynamical mixing of the meson-meson states with the four-quark states is considered. The four-quark amplitudes of the tetraquarks with open charm, including u, d, s, c quarks, are constructed. The poles of these amplitudes determine the masses and widths of tetraquarks.

Abstract:
We analyze the statistics of resonance widths in a many-body Fermi system with open decay channels. Depending on the strength of continuum coupling, such a system reveals growing deviations from the standard chi-square (Porter-Thomas) width distribution. The deviations emerge from the process of increasing interaction of intrinsic states through common decay channels; in the limit of perfect coupling this process leads to the super-radiance phase transition. The width distribution depends also on the intrinsic dynamics (chaotic vs regular). The results presented here are important for understanding the recent experimental data concerning the width distribution for neutron resonances in nuclei.

Abstract:
We consider a semiclassical $2\times 2$ matrix Schr\"odinger operator of the form $P=-h^2\Delta {\bf I}_2 + {\rm diag}(V_1(x), V_2(x)) +hR(x,hD_x)$, where $V_1, V_2$ are real-analytic, $V_2$ admits a non degenerate minimum at 0, $V_1$ is non trapping at energy $V_2(0)=0$, and $R(x,hD_x)=(r_{j,k}(x,hD_x))_{1\leq j,k\leq 2}$ is a symmetric off-diagonal $2\times 2$ matrix of first-order pseudodifferential operators with analytic symbols. We also assume that $V_1(0) >0$. Then, denoting by $e_1$ the first eigenvalue of $-\Delta + \la V_2"(0)x,x\ra /2$, and under some ellipticity condition on $r_{1,2}$ and additional generic geometric assumptions, we show that the unique resonance $\rho_1$ of $P$ such that $\rho_1 = V_2(0) + (e_1+r_{2,2}(0,0))h + {\mathcal O}(h^2)$ (as $h\rightarrow 0_+$) satisfies, $$ \Im \rho_1 = -h^{n_0+(1-n_\Gamma)/2}f(h,\ln\frac1{h})e^{-2S/h}, $$ where $f(h,\ln\frac1{h}) \sim \sum_{0\leq m\leq\ell} f_{\ell,m}h^\ell(\ln\frac1{h})^m$ is a symbol with $f_{0,0}>0$, $S>0$ is the so-called Agmon distance associated with the degenerate metric $\max(0, \min(V_1,V_2))dx^2$, between 0 and $\{V_1\leq 0\}$, and $n_0\geq 1$, $n_{\Gamma}\geq 0$ are integers that depend on the geometry.

Abstract:
We study the statistical properties of resonance widths and spacings in an open system of interacting fermions at the transition between isolated and overlapping resonances, where a radical change in the width distribution occurs. Our main interest is to reveal how this transition is influenced by the onset of chaos in the internal dynamics as the strength of random two-body interaction between the particles increases. We have found that in the region of overlapped resonances, the fluctuations of the widths (rather than their mean values) are strongly affected by the onset of an internal chaos. The results may be applied to the analysis of neutron cross sections, as well as in the physics of mesoscopic devices with strongly interacting electrons.

Abstract:
With the advent of the LHC there is widespread interest in the discovery potential for physics beyond the standard model. In TeV-scale open string theory, the new physics can be manifest in the excitation and decay of new resonant structures, corresponding to Regge recurrences of standard model particles. An essential input for the prediction of invariant mass spectra of the decay products (which could serve to identify the resonance as a string excitation) are the partial and total widths of the decay products. We present a parameter-free calculation of these widths for the first Regge recurrence of the SU(3) gluon octet, of the U(1) gauge boson which accompanies gluons in D-brane constructions, and of the quark triplet.