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Temperature dependence of the optical spectral weight in the cuprates: Role of electron correlations  [PDF]
A. Toschi,M. Capone,M. Ortolani,P. Calvani,S. Lupi,C. Castellani
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.097002
Abstract: We compare calculations based on the Dynamical Mean-Field Theory of the Hubbard model with the infrared spectral weight $W(\Omega,T)$ of La$_{2-x}$Sr$_x$CuO$_4$ and other cuprates. Without using fitting parameters we show that most of the anomalies found in $W(\Omega,T)$ with respect to normal metals, including the existence of two different energy scales for the doping- and the $T$-dependence of $W(\Omega,T)$, can be ascribed to strong correlation effects.
Signatures of electron-electron correlations in the optical spectra of $α$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2M$Hg(SCN)$_4$ ($M$=NH$_4$ and Rb)  [PDF]
N. Drichko,M. Dressel,A. Greco,J. Merino,J. Schlueter
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1007/BF02679519
Abstract: We interpret the optical spectra of $\alpha$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2M$Hg(SCN)$_4$ (M=NH$_4$ and Rb) in terms of a 1/4 filled metallic system close to charge ordering and show that in the conductivity spectra of these compounds a fraction of the spectral weight is shifted from the Drude-peak to higher frequencies due to strong electronic correlations. Analyzing the temperature dependence of the electronic parameters, we distinguish between different aspects of the influence of electronic correlations on optical properties. We conclude, that the correlation effects are slightly weaker in the NH$_4$ compound compared to the Rb one.
Intermediate Coupling Model of the Cuprates  [PDF]
Tanmoy Das,R. S. Markiewicz,A. Bansil
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1080/00018732.2014.940227
Abstract: We review the intermediate coupling model for treating electronic correlations in the cuprates. Spectral signatures of the intermediate coupling scenario are identified and used to adduce that the cuprates fall in the intermediate rather than the weak or the strong coupling limits. A robust, `beyond LDA' framework for obtaining wide-ranging properties of the cuprates via a GW-approximation based self-consistent self-energy correction for incorporating correlation effects is delineated. In this way, doping and temperature dependent spectra, from the undoped insulator to the overdoped metal, in the normal as well as the superconducting state, with features of both weak and strong coupling can be modeled in a material-specific manner with very few parameters. Efficacy of the model is shown by considering available spectroscopic data on electron and hole doped cuprates from angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES), scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS), neutron scattering, inelastic light scattering, optical and other experiments. Generalizations to treat systems with multiple correlated bands such as the heavy-fermions, the ruthenates, and the actinides are discussed.
Electron-Phonon Interaction in Strongly Correlated Systems  [PDF]
M. Capone,C. Castellani,M. Grilli
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/920860
Abstract: The Hubbard-Holstein model is a simple model including both electron-phonon interaction and electron-electron correlations. We review a body of theoretical work investigating, the effects of strong correlations on the electron-phonon interaction. We focus on the regime, relevant to high- superconductors, in which the electron correlations are dominant. We find that electron-phonon interaction can still have important signatures, even if many anomalies appear, and the overall effect is far from conventional. In particular in the paramagnetic phase the effects of phonons are much reduced in the low-energy properties, while the high-energy physics can still be affected by phonons. Moreover, the electron-phonon interaction can give rise to important effects, like phase separation and charge-ordering, and it assumes a predominance of forward scattering even if the bare interaction is assumed to be local (momentum independent). Antiferromagnetic correlations reduce the screening effects due to electron-electron interactions and revive the electron-phonon effects. 1. Introduction A wealth of materials, including the most challenging systems (cuprates, manganites, fullerenes, etc), present clear signatures of both electron-electron (e-e) and electron-phonon (e-ph) interactions, leading to a competition-or- interplay which can give rise to different physics according to the value of relevant control parameters and of the chemical and electronic properties of the materials. The results presented in this paper are mainly motivated by high-temperature superconductors, with the copper-oxide compounds (cuprates) in a prominent role, and an attention to the alkali-doped fullerides. In the case of the cuprates, which are arguably the most accurately studied materials in the last twenty-five years, the signatures of electron-phonon interactions are nowadays clear, even though the overall scenario is far from ordinary [1–3]: Electron-phonon fingerprints are evident in some properties, while they are weak or absent in other observables. Specifically, clear polaronic features are observed in optical conductivity [4–6] as well as in angle-resolved photoemission experiments (ARPES) [7] in very lightly doped compounds. A substantial e-ph coupling can also be inferred by the Fano line shapes of phonons in Raman spectra and by the rather large frequency shift and linewidth broadening of some phonons at . Phonons are also good candidates to account for the famous “kink” in the electronic dispersions observed in ARPES experiments [8, 9]. Tunneling experiments are often advocated
Strength of Correlations in electron and hole doped cuprates  [PDF]
Cedric Weber,Kristjan Haule,Gabriel Kotliar
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1038/nphys1706
Abstract: High temperature superconductivity was achieved by introducing holes in a parent compound consisting of copper oxide layers separated by spacer layers. It is possible to dope some of the parent compounds with electrons, and their physical properties are bearing some similarities but also significant differences from the hole doped counterparts. Here, we use a recently developed first principles method, to study the electron doped cuprates and elucidate the deep physical reasons why their behavior is so different than the hole doped materials. We find that electron doped compounds are Slater insulators, e.g. a material where the insulating behavior is the result of the presence of magnetic long range order. This is in sharp contrast with the hole doped materials, where the parent compound is a Mott charge transfer insulator, namely a material which is insulating due to the strong electronic correlations but not due to the magnetic order.
A Coherent Nonlinear Optical Signal Induced by Electron Correlations  [PDF]
Shaul Mukamel,Rafal Oszwaldowski,Lijun Yang
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1063/1.2820379
Abstract: The correlated behavior of electrons determines the structure and optical properties of molecules, semiconductor and other systems. Valuable information on these correlations is provided by measuring the response to femtosecond laser pulses, which probe the very short time period during which the excited particles remain correlated. The interpretation of four-wave-mixing techniques, commonly used to study the energy levels and dynamics of many-electron systems, is complicated by many competing effects and overlapping resonances. Here we propose a coherent optical technique, specifically designed to provide a background-free probe for electronic correlations in many-electron systems. The proposed signal pulse is generated only when the electrons are correlated, which gives rise to an extraordinary sensitivity. The peak pattern in two-dimensional plots, obtained by displaying the signal vs. two frequencies conjugated to two pulse delays, provides a direct visualization and specific signatures of the many-electron wavefunctions.
On the optical conductivity of Electron-Doped Cuprates I: Mott Physics  [PDF]
A. J. Millis,A. Zimmers,R. P. S. M. Lobo,N. Bontemps
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.224517
Abstract: The doping and temperature dependent conductivity of electron-doped cuprates is analysed. The variation of kinetic energy with doping is shown to imply that the materials are approximately as strongly correlated as the hole-doped materials. The optical spectrum is fit to a quasiparticle scattering model; while the model fits the optical data well, gross inconsistencies with photoemission data are found, implying the presence of a large, strongly doping dependent Landau parameter.
Low-energy signatures of charge and spin fluctuations in Raman and optical spectra of the cuprates  [PDF]
S. Caprara,C. Di Castro,T. Enss,M. Grilli
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2008.03.038
Abstract: We calculate the optical and Raman response within a phenomenological model of fermion quasiparticles coupled to nearly critical collective modes. We find that, whereas critical scaling properties might be masked in optical spectra due to charge conservation, distinct critical signatures of charge and spin fluctuations can be detected in Raman spectra exploiting specific symmetry properties. We compare our results with recent experiments on the cuprates.
Generalized Spectral Signatures of Electron Fractionalization in Quasi-One and -Two Dimensional Molybdenum Bronzes and Superconducting Cuprates  [PDF]
G. -H. Gweon,J. W. Allen,J. D. Denlinger
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.68.195117
Abstract: We establish the quasi-one-dimensional Li purple bronze as a photoemission paradigm of Luttinger liquid behavior. We also show that generalized signatures of electron fractionalization are present in the angle resolved photoemission spectra for quasi-two-dimensional purple bronzes and certain cuprates. An important component of our analysis for the quasi-two-dimensional systems is the proposal of a ``melted holon'' scenario for the k-independent background that accompanies but does not interact with the peaks that disperse to define the Fermi surface.
Strong correlation effects and optical conductivity in electron doped cuprates  [PDF]
Tanmoy Das,R. S. Markiewicz,A. Bansil
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/96/27004
Abstract: We demonstrate that most features ascribed to strong correlation effects in various spectroscopies of the cuprates are captured by a calculation of the self-energy incorporating effects of spin and charge fluctuations. The self energy is calculated over the full doping range of electron-doped cuprates from half filling to the overdoped system. The spectral function reveals four subbands, two widely split incoherent bands representing the remnant of the split Hubbard bands, and two additional coherent, spin- and charge-dressed in-gap bands split by a spin-density wave, which collapses in the overdoped regime. The incoherent features persist to high doping, producing a remnant Mott gap in the optical spectra, while transitions between the in-gap states lead to pseudogap features in the mid-infrared.
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