Abstract:
The inviscid and thin accretion disc is a simple and well understood model system in accretion studies. In this work, modelling such a disc like a dynamical system, we analyse the nature of the fixed points of the stationary solutions of the flow. We show that of the two fixed points, one is a saddle and the other is a centre type point. We then demonstrate, using a simple but analogous mathematical model, that a temporal evolution of the flow is a very likely non-perturbative mechanism for the selection of an inflow solution that passes through the saddle type critical point.

Abstract:
We study the coupled disc-jet system around the black hole where the outflow solutions are obtained in terms of the inflow parameters. We observe that an advective accretion disc can eject outflows/jets for wide range of viscosity parameter. However, such possibility is reduced if the cooling is active as the energy dissipative process inside the disc. For mass outflow, we obtain the parameter space spanned by the inflow angular momentum and the viscosity in terms of cooling and quantify the limits of viscosity parameter.

Abstract:
The main challenge for understanding the fuelling of supermassive black holes in active galactic nuclei is not to account for the source of fuel, but rather to explain its delivery from the boundaries of the black hole sphere of influence (10-100 pc) down to sub-parsec scales. In this work, we report on a series of numerical experiments aimed at exploring in further depth our model of "overlapping inflow events" as catalysts for rapid accretion, seeding a turbulent field in the infalling gas. We initially set a gaseous shell in non-equilibrium rotation around a supermassive black hole. After infall, the shell stalls in a disc-like structure. A second shell is then set in either co-rotation or counter-rotation with respect to the first and is let to impinge on the previously-formed disc. We find that combined turbulence and overlap significantly enhance accretion in counter-rotating inflows, while turbulence dominates for co-rotating inflows. The leftovers of overlapping inflows are warped nuclear discs, whose morphology depends on the relative orientation and angular momentum of the disc and the shell. Overlapping inflows leave observational signatures in the gas rotation curves.

Abstract:
Gas falling quasi-spherically onto a black hole forms an inner accretion disc if its specific angular momentum $l$ exceeds $\lmin\sim r_gc$ where $r_g$ is the Schwarzschild radius. The standard disc model assumes $l\gg\lmin$. We argue that, in many black-hole sources, accretion flows have angular momenta just above the threshold for disc formation, $l\simgt\lmin$, and assess the accretion mechanism in this regime. In a range $\lmin

Abstract:
We consider the linearized 2D inviscid shallow water equations in a rectangle. A set of boundary conditions is proposed which make these equations well-posed. Several different cases occur depending on the relative values of the reference velocities $(u_0,v_0)$ and reference height $\phi_0$ (sub- or super-critical flow at each part of the boundary).

Abstract:
We analyse the evolution of turbulence and gravitational instability of a galactic disc in a quasi-steady state governed by cosmological inflow. We focus on the possibility that the coupling between the in-streaming gas and the disc is maximal, e.g., via dense clumps, and ask whether the streams could be the driver of turbulence in an unstable disc with a Toomre parameter Q~1. Our fiducial model assumes an efficiency of ~0.5 per dynamical time for the decay of turbulence energy, and ~0.02 for each of the processes that deplete the disc gas, i.e., star formation, outflow, and inflow within the disc into a central bulge. In this case, the in-streaming drives a ratio of turbulent to rotation velocity sigma/V~0.2-0.3, which at z~2 induces an instability with Q~1, both as observed. However, in conflict with observations, this model predicts that sigma/V remains constant with time, independent of the cosmological accretion rate, because mass and turbulence have the same external source. Such strongly coupled cosmological inflow tends to stabilize the disc at low z, with Q ~ a few, which may be consistent with observations. The instability could instead be maintained for longer, with a properly declining sigma/V, if it is self-regulated to oscillations about Q~1 by a duty cycle for disc depletion. However, the 'off' phases of this duty cycle become long at low z, which may be hard to reconcile with observations. Alternatively, the coupling between the in-streaming gas and the disc may weaken in time, reflecting an evolving nature of the accretion. If, instead, that coupling is weak at all times, the likely energy source for self-regulated stirring up of the turbulence is the inflow within the disc down the potential gradient (studied in a companion paper).

Abstract:
We consider an inviscid stochastically forced dyadic model, where the additive noise acts only on the first component. We prove that a strong solution for this problem exists and is unique by means of uniform energy estimates. Moreover, we exploit these results to establish strong existence and uniqueness of the stationary distribution.

Abstract:
Making use of the Whittaker-Shannon interpolation formula with shifted sampling points, we propose in this paper a well-posed semi-discretization of the stationary Wigner equation with inflow BCs. The convergence of the solutions of the discrete problem to the continuous problem is then analysed, providing certain regularity of the solution of the continuous problem.

Abstract:
A succession of near-IR spectroscopic observations, taken nightly throughout an entire cycle of SS433's orbit, reveal (i) the persistent signature of SS433's accretion disc, having a rotation speed of ~500 km/s, (ii) the presence of the circumbinary disc recently discovered at optical wavelengths by Blundell, Bowler and Schmidtobreick (2008) and (iii) a much faster outflow than has previously been measured for the disc wind. From these, we find a much faster accretion disc wind than has noted before, with a terminal velocity of ~1500 km/s. The increased wind terminal velocity results in a mass-loss rate of ~10e-4 M_sun/yr. These, together with the newly (upwardly) determined masses for the components of the SS433 system, result in an accurate diagnosis of the extent to which SS433 has super-Eddington flows. Our observations imply that the size of the companion star is comparable with the semi-minor axis of the orbit which is given by (1-e^2)^(1/2) 40 R_sun, where e is the eccentricity. Our relatively high spectral resolution at these near-IR wavelengths has enabled us to deconstruct the different components that comprise the Brackett-gamma line in this binary system, and their physical origins. With this line dominated throughout our series of observations by the disc wind, and the accretion disc itself being only a minority (~15 per cent) contribution, we caution against use of the unresolved Brackett-gamma line intensity as an "accretion signature" in X-ray binaries or microquasars in any quantitative way.

Abstract:
One of the greatest issues in modelling black hole fuelling is our lack of understanding of the processes by which gas loses angular momentum and falls from galactic scales down to the nuclear region where an accretion disc forms, subsequently guiding the inflow of gas down to the black hole horizon. It is feared that gas at larger scales might still retain enough angular momentum and settle into a larger scale disc with very low or no inflow to form or replenish the inner accretion disc (on ~0.01 pc scales). In this paper we report on hydrodynamical simulations of rotating infalling gas shells impacting at different angles onto a pre-existing, primitive large scale (~10 pc) disc around a super-massive black hole. The aim is to explore how the interaction between the shell and the disc redistributes the angular momentum on scales close to the black hole's sphere of influence. Angular momentum redistribution via hydrodynamical shocks leads to inflows of gas across the inner boundary, enhancing the inflow rate by more than 2-3 orders of magnitude. In all cases, the gas inflow rate across the inner parsec is higher than in the absence of the interaction, and the orientation of the angular momentum of the flow in the region changes with time due to gas mixing. Warped discs or nested misaligned rings form depending on the angular momentum content of the infalling shell relative to the disc. In the cases in which the shell falls in near counter-rotation, part of the resulting flows settle into an inner dense disc which becomes more susceptible to mass transfer.