Abstract:
Starting from the basic integral equation for multiple scattered fields, a set of coupled linear equations for the expansion coefficients of elastic multiple scattered fields by randomly distributed spherical scatterers has been derived by using the expansions of the fields and the- translational addition theorems of the vector spherical wave functions. Thus a new theory for this kind of problems is developed. This theory is different from the others in the multiple elastically scattered fields in all space regions.

Abstract:
We propose a model of Sinai billiards with moving scatterers, in which the locations and shapes of the scatterers may change by small amounts between collisions. Our main result is the exponential loss of memory of initial data at uniform rates, and our proof consists of a coupling argument for non-stationary compositions of maps similar to classical billiard maps. This can be seen as a prototypical result on the statistical properties of time-dependent dynamical systems.

Abstract:
We argue that the random-matrix like energy spectra found in pseudointegrable billiards with pointlike scatterers are related to the quantum violation of scale invariance of classical analogue system. It is shown that the behavior of the running coupling constant explains the key characteristics of the level statistics of pseudointegrable billiards.

Abstract:
The dynamics of a system consisting of many spherical hard particles can be described as a single point particle moving in a high-dimensional space with fixed hypercylindrical scatterers with specific orientations and positions. In this paper, the similarities in the Lyapunov exponents are investigated between systems of many particles and high-dimensional billiards with cylindrical scatterers which have isotropically distributed orientations and homogeneously distributed positions. The dynamics of the isotropic billiard are calculated using a Monte-Carlo simulation, and a reorthogonalization process is used to find the Lyapunov exponents. The results are compared to numerical results for systems of many hard particles as well as the analytical results for the high-dimensional Lorentz gas. The smallest three-quarters of the positive exponents behave more like the exponents of hard-disk systems than the exponents of the Lorentz gas. This similarity shows that the hard-disk systems may be approximated by a spatially homogeneous and isotropic system of scatterers for a calculation of the smaller Lyapunov exponents, apart from the exponent associated with localization. The method of the partial stretching factor is used to calculate these exponents analytically, with results that compare well with simulation results of hard disks and hard spheres.

Abstract:
In this paper we study the ergodic properties of mathematical billiards describing the uniform motion of a point in a flat torus from which finitely many, pairwise disjoint, tubular neighborhoods of translated subtori (the so called cylindric scatterers) have been removed. We prove that every such system is ergodic (actually, a Bernoulli flow), unless a simple geometric obstacle for the ergodicity is present.

Abstract:
Understanding the statistical properties of the aperiodic planar Lorentz gas stands as a grand challenge in the theory of dynamical systems. Here we study a greatly simplified but related model, proposed by Arvind Ayyer and popularized by Joel Lebowitz, in which a scatterer configuration on the torus is randomly updated between collisions. Taking advantage of recent progress in the theory of time-dependent billiards on the one hand and in probability theory on the other, we prove a vector-valued almost sure invariance principle for the model. Notably, the configuration sequence can be weakly dependent and non-stationary. We provide an expression for the covariance matrix, which in the non-stationary case differs from the traditional one. We also obtain a new invariance principle for Sinai billiards (the case of fixed scatterers) with time-dependent observables, and improve the accuracy and generality of existing results.

Abstract:
According to the model of equivalent dipoles for active molecules, the analysis of inelastic EM scattering by active molecules embedded in a sphere is given by the method of dyadic Green's functions at first, and rhen, based on the theory of elastic muptiple scattering by randomly distributed spherical scatterers, a new theory for analysis of inelastic multiple scattering by active molecules embedded in randomly distributed spherical scatterers is developed. This theory gives the expansions of the multiple scattering fields in all space region in terms of vector spherical wave functions in which the expansion coefficients can be solved from a ses of coupled linear equations.

Abstract:
As the scatterer's size is comparable with the wavelength, a rigorous solution of T-matrix is used to calculate scattering from the scatterer. When scatterers are non-uniformly clustered, coherency of collective scattering from scatterers must be taken into account. Numerical simulations of polarized scattering from random clusters of spatially-oriented and non-spherical particles are developed by multiple scattering formulation of T-matrix method. Numerical results present that the polarized bistatic and back-scattering are functionally dependent on clustering and other physical paramaters.

Abstract:
The spectra of Sinai microwave billiards and rectangular billiards with statistically distributed circular scatterers have been taken as a function of the position of one wall, and of one of the scatterers, respectively. Whereas in the first case the velocity distribution and correlations obey the universal behaviour predicted by Simons and Altshuler, in the second case a completely different behaviour is observed. This is due to the fact that a shift of one wall changes the wave function globally whereas the displacement of one scatterer only leads to a local perturbance.

Abstract:
We study a two-particle circular billiard containing two finite-size circular particles that collide elastically with the billiard boundary and with each other. Such a two-particle circular billiard provides a clean example of an "intermittent" system. This billiard system behaves chaotically, but the time scale on which chaos manifests can become arbitrarily long as the sizes of the confined particles become smaller. The finite-time dynamics of this system depends on the relative frequencies of (chaotic) particle-particle collisions versus (integrable) particle-boundary collisions, and investigating these dynamics is computationally intensive because of the long time scales involved. To help improve understanding of such two-particle dynamics, we compare the results of diagnostics used to measure chaotic dynamics for a two-particle circular billiard with those computed for two types of one-particle circular billiards in which a confined particle undergoes random perturbations. Importantly, such one-particle approximations are much less computationally demanding than the original two-particle system, and we expect them to yield reasonable estimates of the extent of chaotic behavior in the two-particle system when the sizes of confined particles are small. Our computations of recurrence-rate coefficients, finite-time Lyapunov exponents, and autocorrelation coefficients support this hypothesis and suggest that studying randomly perturbed one-particle billiards has the potential to yield insights into the aggregate properties of two-particle billiards, which are difficult to investigate directly without enormous computation times (especially when the sizes of the confined particles are small).