Abstract:
In this paper we calculate three-string interaction from light cone string field theory in pp-wave. We find exact agreements with the free planar three point functions of non-chiral BMN operators of ${\cal N} = 4$ super Yang Mills. The three string interaction vertex involving the Neumann matrices was derived in a recent paper hep-th/0204146. We explicitly calculate the bosonic Neumann matrices in the limit of large $\mu p^{+} \alpha^{'}$ . Using the Neumann matrices we are able to compute the cubic interactions of three string modes in a pp-wave background.

Abstract:
We construct the cubic interaction vertex and dynamically generated supercharges in light-cone superstring field theory in the pp-wave background. We show that these satisfy the pp-wave superalgebra at first order in string coupling. The cubic interaction vertex and dynamical supercharges presented here differ from the expressions previously given in the literature. Using this vertex we compute various string theory three-point functions and comment on their relation to gauge theory in the BMN limit.

Abstract:
In this letter, we determine the particle and the string light cone in the pp-wave background. The result is a deformed version of the flat one. We point out the light cone exhibits an intriguing periodicity in the light cone time direction x^+ with a period \sim 1/ \mu. Our results also suggest that a quantum theory in the pp-wave background can be formulated consistently only if the background is periodic in the light cone time x^+.

Abstract:
We argue that string interactions in a PP-wave spacetime are governed by an effective coupling $g_{eff}=g_s(\mu p^+\apm)f(\mu p^+ \apm)$ where $f(\mu p^+ \apm)$ is proportional to the light cone energy of the string states involved in the interaction. This simply follows from generalities of a Matrix String description of this background. $g_{eff}$ nicely interpolates between the expected result ($g_s$) for flat space (small $\mu p^+\apm$) and a recently conjectured expression from the perturbative gauge theory side (large $\mu p^+\apm$).

Abstract:
In type IIB light-cone superstring field theory, the cubic interaction has two pieces: a delta-functional overlap and an operator inserted at the interaction point. In this paper we extend our earlier work hep-th/0204146 by computing the matrix elements of this operator in the oscillator basis of pp-wave string theory for all mu p^+ alpha'. By evaluating these matrix elements for large mu p^+ alpha', we check a recent conjecture relating matrix elements of the light-cone string field theory Hamiltonian (with prefactor) to certain three-point functions of BMN operators in the gauge theory. We also make several explicit predictions for gauge theory.

Abstract:
We present an explicit evidence that shows the correspondence between the type IIB supergravity in the pp-wave background and its dual supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at the interaction level. We first construct the cubic term of the light-cone interaction Hamiltonian for the dilaton-axion sector of the supergravity. Our result agrees with the corresponding part of the light-cone string field theory (SFT) and furthermore fixes its previously undetermined $p^+$-dependent normalization. Adopting thus fixed light-cone SFT, we compute the matrix elements of light-cone Hamiltonian involving three chiral primary states and find an agreement with a prediction from the dual Yang-Mills theory.

Abstract:
We explicitly construct cubic interaction light-cone Hamiltonian for the chiral primary system involving the metric fields and the self-dual four-form fields in the IIB pp-wave supergravity. The background fields representing pp-waves exhibit SO(4)*SO(4)*Z_2 invariance. It turns out that the interaction Hamiltonian is precisely the same as that for the dilaton-axion system, except for the fact that the chiral primary system fields have the opposite parity to that of the dilaton-axion fields under the Z_2 transformation that exchanges two SO(4)'s.

Abstract:
The cubic interaction vertex and the dynamical supercharges are constructed for open strings ending on D7-branes, in light-cone superstring field theory in PP-wave background. In this context, we write down the symmetry generators in terms of the relevant group structure: SU(2) x SU(2) x SO(2) x SO(2), originating from the eight transverse directions in the PP-wave background and use the expressions to explicitly construct the vertex at the level of stringy zero modes. The results are further generalized to include all the stringy excitations as well.

Abstract:
We find a general class of pp-wave string solutions with NS-NS $H_3$ or R-R $F_3$ field strengths, which are analogous to solutions with non-constant $F_5$ recently considered by Maldacena and Maoz (hep-th/0207284). We show that: (i) all pp-wave solutions supported by non-constant $H_3$ or $F_p$ fields are exact type II superstring solutions to all orders in $\a'$; (ii) the corresponding light-cone gauge Green-Schwarz actions are non-linear in bosons but always quadratic in fermions, and describe UV finite 2-d theories; (iii) the pp-wave backgrounds supported by non-constant $F_3$ field do not have, in contrast to their $F_5$-field counterparts, ``supernumerary'' supersymmetries and thus the associated light-cone GS actions do not possess 2-d supersymmetry. We consider a specific example where the pp-wave $F_3$ background is parametrized by an arbitrary holomorphic function of one complex bosonic coordinate. The corresponding GS action has the same bosonic part, similar Yukawa terms but twice as many interacting world-sheet fermions as the (2,2) supersymmetric model originating from the analogous $F_5$ background. We also discuss the structure of massless scalar vertex operators in the models related to N=2 super sine-Gordon and N=2 super Liouville theories.

Abstract:
We construct light-cone gauge superstring field theory in a pp-wave background with Ramond-Ramond flux. The leading term in the interaction Hamiltonian is determined up to an overall function of $p^+$ by requiring closure of the pp-wave superalgebra. The bosonic and fermionic Neumann matrices for this cubic vertex are derived, as is the interaction point operator. We comment on the development of a $1/\mu p^+$ expansion for these results.