Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Optical Properties of Strained Graphene  [PDF]
Vitor M. Pereira,R. M. Ribeiro,N. M. R. Peres,A. H. Castro Neto
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/92/67001
Abstract: The optical conductivity of graphene strained uniaxially is studied within the Kubo-Greenwood formalism. Focusing on inter-band absorption, we analyze and quantify the breakdown of universal transparency in the visible region of the spectrum, and analytically characterize the transparency as a function of strain and polarization. Measuring transmittance as a function of incident polarization directly reflects the magnitude and direction of strain. Moreover, direction-dependent selection rules permit identification of the lattice orientation by monitoring the van-Hove transitions. These photoelastic effects in graphene can be explored towards atomically thin, broadband optical elements.
Nonlinear optical properties of graphene-based materials
ZhiBo Liu,XiaoLiang Zhang,XiaoQing Yan,YongSheng Chen,JianGuo Tian
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5270-4
Abstract: Graphene, a two-dimensional carbon atom sheet, has attracted tremendous attention and research interest because of its exceptional physical properties. Graphene has high mobility and optical transparency, in addition to flexibility, robustness and environmental stability. The main focus so far has been on fundamental physics and electronic devices. However, because the linear dispersion of the Dirac electrons enables ultrawideband tunability, we believe its true potential lies in photonics and optoelectronics. In this review, we introduce recent advances in the nonlinear optical properties of graphene-based materials. The rise of graphene in nonlinear optics is shown by several recent results, ranging from saturable absorbers and the four-wave mixing effect to giant two-photon absorption, reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting. The relevant forms of the graphene-based materials include pure graphene, graphene oxide and graphene hybrids.
Pseudospin in optical and transport properties of graphene  [PDF]
Maxim Trushin,John Schliemann
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.156801
Abstract: We show that the pseudospin being an additional degree of freedom for carriers in graphene can be efficiently controlled by means of the electron-electron interactions which, in turn, can be manipulated by changing the substrate. In particular, an out-of-plane pseudospin component can occur leading to a zero-field Hall current as well as to polarization-sensitive interband optical absorption.
DFT study of optical properties of pure and doped Graphene  [PDF]
Pooja Rani,Girija S Dubey,V. K. Jindal
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: Ab-initio calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) have been performed to study the optical properties of pure graphene and have been compared to that of individual boron (B), nitrogen (N) and BN co-doped graphene sheet. The effect of doping has been investigated by varying the concentrations of dopants from 3.125 % (one atom of the dopant in 32 host atoms) to 6.25 % (six dopant atoms in 50 host atoms) for individual B and N doping and from 37.5 % (one B/N pair in 32 host atoms) to 18.75 % for BN co-doping. Positions of the dopants have also been varied for the same concentration of substitution doping. The dielectric matrix has been calculated within the random phase approximation (RPA) using VASP (Vienna ab-initio Simulation Package) code. The dielectric function, absorption spectrum and energy loss-function of single layer graphene sheet have been calculated for light polarization parallel and perpendicular to the plane of graphene sheet and compared with doping graphene. The calculated dielectric functions and energy-loss spectra are in reasonable agreement with the available theoretical and experimental results for pure graphene. It has been found that individual B and N doping does not significantly affect the imaginary dielectric function and hence the absorption spectra. However, significant red shift in absorption towards visible range of the radiation at high doping is found to occur for the B/N co-doping. The results can be used to tailor the optical properties of graphene in visible region.
Optical Properties of Chiral Graphene Nanoribbons: a First Principal Study  [PDF]
M. Berahman,M. Asad,M. H. Sheikhi
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, optical properties of Chiral Graphene Nanoribbons both in longitude and transverse polarization have been studied using density functional theory calculation. It has been shown that the selection rule which have been reported before for Armchair and Zigzag Graphene Nanoribbons are no longer valid due to breaking symmetry on these new categorize of graphene nanoribbons. However, still the edge states play a critical role in optical absorption. It have been illustrated that depending on the polarization of incident beam the absorption peaks are different while it is spread in the same energy range. It is also suggested that the absorption of light is sensitive to the chiral vector on the edges and direction of the light polarization. Due to breaking symmetry in chiral graphene nanoribbons, absorption peak is changed and it would be around 1000nm, introducing a new potential of graphene nanoribbons for optoelectronic devices.
Effect of Coulomb interactions on the optical properties of doped graphene  [PDF]
Adolfo G. Grushin,Belen Valenzuela,Maria A. H. Vozmediano
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.155417
Abstract: Recent optical conductivity experiments of doped graphene in the infrared regime reveal a strong background in the energy region between the intra and interband transitions difficult to explain within conventional pictures. We propose a phenomenological model taking into account the marginal Fermi liquid nature of the quasiparticles in graphene near the neutrality point that can explain qualitatively the observed features. We also study the electronic Raman signal and suggest that it will also be anomalous.
Electronic Structures and Optical Properties of Partially and Fully Fluorinated Graphene  [PDF]
Shengjun Yuan,Malte Rosner,Alexander Schulz,Tim O. Wehling,Mikhail I. Katsnelson
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.047403
Abstract: In this letter we study the electronic structures and optical properties of partially and fully fluorinated graphene by a combination of abinitio G0W0 calculations and large-scale multi-orbital tight-binding simulations. We find that for partially fluorinated graphene, the appearance of paired fluorine atoms is more favorable than unpaired atoms. We also show that different types of structural disorder, such as carbon vacancies, fluorine vacancies, fluorine vacancy-clusters and fluorine armchair- and zigzag-clusters, will introduce different types of midgap states and extra excitations within the optical gap. Furthermore we argue that the local formation of $sp^3$ bonds upon fluorination can be distinguished from other disorder inducing mechanisms which do not destroy the $sp^2$ hybrid orbitals by measuring the polarization rotation of passing polarized light.
Tight-binding study of the magneto-optical properties of gapped graphene  [PDF]
Jesper Goor Pedersen,Thomas Garm Pedersen
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.115424
Abstract: We study the optical properties of gapped graphene in presence of a magnetic field. We consider a model based on the Dirac equation, with a gap introduced via a mass term, for which analytical expressions for the diagonal and Hall optical conductivities can be derived. We discuss the effect of the mass term on electron-hole symmetry and $\pi$-$\pi^*$ symmetry and its implications for the optical Hall conductivity. We compare these results with those obtained using a tight-binding model, in which the mass is modeled via a staggered potential and a magnetic field is included via a Peierls substitution. Considering antidot lattices as the source of the mass term, we focus on the limit where the mass term dominates the cyclotron energy. We find that a large gap quenches the effect of the magnetic field. The role of overlap between neighboring $\pi$ orbitals is investigated, and we find that the overlap has pronounced consequences for the optical Hall conductivity that are missed in the Dirac model.
Optical properties and charge-transfer excitations in edge-functionalized all-graphene nanojunctions  [PDF]
Caterina Cocchi,Deborah Prezzi,Alice Ruini,Marilia J. Caldas,Elisa Molinari
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1021/jz200472a
Abstract: We investigate the optical properties of edge-functionalized graphene nanosystems, focusing on the formation of junctions and charge transfer excitons. We consider a class of graphene structures which combine the main electronic features of graphene with the wide tunability of large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. By investigating prototypical ribbon-like systems, we show that, upon convenient choice of functional groups, low energy excitations with remarkable charge transfer character and large oscillator strength are obtained. These properties can be further modulated through an appropriate width variation, thus spanning a wide range in the low-energy region of the UV-Vis spectra. Our results are relevant in view of designing all-graphene optoelectronic nanodevices, which take advantage of the versatility of molecular functionalization, together with the stability and the electronic properties of graphene nanostructures.
Optical and magneto-optical far-infrared properties of bilayer graphene  [PDF]
D. S. L. Abergel,Vladimir I. Fal'ko
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.155430
Abstract: We analyze the spectroscopic features of bilayer graphene determined by the formation of pairs of low-energy and split bands in this material. We show that the inter-Landau-level absorption spectrum in bilayer graphene at high magnetic field is much denser in the far-infrared range than that in monolayer material, and that the polarization dependence of its lowest energy peak can be used to test the form of the bilayer ground state in the quantum Hall-effect regime.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.