Abstract:
A continuum model to study the influence of dislocations on the electronic properties of condensed matter systems is described and analyzed. The model is based on a geometrical formalism that associates a density of dislocations with the torsion tensor and uses the technique of quantum field theory in curved space. When applied to two-dimensional systems with Dirac points like graphene we find that dislocations couple in the form of vector gauge fields similar to these arising from curvature or elastic strain. We also describe the ways to couple dislocations to normal metals with a Fermi surface.

Abstract:
Topological defects in graphene, dislocations and grain boundaries, are still not well understood despites the considerable number of experimental observations. We introduce a general approach for constructing dislocations in graphene characterized by arbitrary Burgers vectors as well as grain boundaries, covering the whole range of possible misorientation angles. By using ab initio calculations we investigate thermodynamic and electronic properties of these topological defects, finding energetically favorable symmetric large-angle grain boundaries, strong tendency towards out-of-plane deformation in the small-angle regimes, and pronounced effects on the electronic structure. The present results show that dislocations and grain boundaries are important intrinsic defects in graphene which may be used for engineering graphene-based nanomaterials and functional devices.

Abstract:
In graphene in the presence of strain the elasticity theory metric naturally appears. However, this is not the one experienced by fermionic quasiparticles. Fermions propagate in curved space, whose metric is defined by expansion of the effective Hamiltonian near the topologically protected Fermi point. We discuss relation between both types of metric for different parametrizations of graphene surface. Next, we extend our consideration to the case, when the dislocations are present. We consider the situation, when the deformation is described by elasticity theory and calculate both torsion and emergent magnetic field carried by the dislocation. The dislocation carries singular torsion in addition to the quantized flux of emergent magnetic field. Both may be observed in the scattering of quasiparticles on the dislocation. Emergent magnetic field flux manifests itself in the Aharonov - Bohm effect while the torsion singularity results in Stodolsky effect.

Abstract:
The theory of singular dislocations is placed within the framework of the theory of continuous dislocations using de Rham currents. For a general $n$-dimensional manifold, an $(n-1)$-current describes a local layering structure and its boundary in the sense of currents represents the structure of the dislocations. Frank's rules for dislocations follow naturally from the nilpotency of the boundary operator.

Abstract:
We study the mechanics and statistical physics of dislocations interacting on cylinders, motivated by the elongation of rod-shaped bacterial cell walls and cylindrical assemblies of colloidal particles subject to external stresses. The interaction energy and forces between dislocations are solved analytically, and analyzed asymptotically. The results of continuum elastic theory agree well with numerical simulations on finite lattices even for relatively small systems. Isolated dislocations on a cylinder act like grain boundaries. With colloidal crystals in mind, we show that saddle points are created by a Peach-Koehler force on the dislocations in the circumferential direction, causing dislocation pairs to unbind. The thermal nucleation rate of dislocation unbinding is calculated, for an arbitrary mobility tensor and external stress, including the case of a twist-induced Peach-Koehler force along the cylinder axis. Surprisingly rich phenomena arise for dislocations on cylinders, despite their vanishing Gaussian curvature.

Abstract:
In this work we investigate the theory of dynamics of dislocations in quasicrystals. We consider three models: the elastodynamic model of wave type, the elasto-hydrodynamic model, and the elastodynamic model of wave-telegraph type. Similarities and differences between the three models are pointed out and discussed. Using the framework of linear incompatible elastodynamic theory, the equations of motion of dislocations are deduced for these three models. Especially, the equations of motion for the phonon and phason elastic distortion tensors and elastic velocity vectors are derived, where the source fields are given in terms of the phonon and phason dislocation density and dislocation current tensors in analogy to the classical theory of elastodynamics of dislocations. The equations of motion for the displacement fields are also obtained.

Abstract:
Crystalline materials deform in an intermittent way via dislocation-slip avalanches. Below a critical stress, the dislocations are jammed within their glide plane due to long-range elastic interactions and the material exhibits plastic response, while above this critical stress the dislocations are mobile (the unjammed phase) and the material fails. We use dislocation dynamics and scaling arguments in two dimensions to show that the critical stress grows with the square root of the dislocation density. Consequently, dislocations jam at any density, in contrast to granular materials, which only jam below a critical density.

Abstract:
By means of linear theory of elastoplasticity, solutions are given for screw and edge dislocations situated in an isotropic solid. The force stresses, strain fields, displacements, distortions, dislocation densities and moment stresses are calculated. The force stresses, strain fields, displacements and distortions are devoid of singularities predicted by the classical elasticity. Using the so-called stress function method we found modified stress functions of screw and edge dislocations.

Abstract:
We present a general formalism for incorporating dislocations in Phase Field methods. This formalism is based on the elastic equivalence between a dislocation loop and a platelet inclusion of specific stress-free strain related to the loop Burgers vector and normal. Dislocations are thus treated as platelet inclusions and may be coupled dynamically to any other field such as a concentration field. The method is illustrated through the simulation of a Frank-Read source and of the shrinkage of a loop in presence of a concentration field.

Abstract:
The goal of this paper is the analytical validation of a model of Cermelli and Gurtin for an evolution law for systems of screw dislocations under the assumption of antiplane shear. The motion of the dislocations is restricted to a discrete set of glide directions, which are properties of the material. The evolution law is given by a "maximal dissipation criterion", leading to a system of differential inclusions. Short time existence, uniqueness, cross-slip, and fine cross-slip of solutions are proved.