Abstract:
The invariant mass spectrum of the lepton pair in inclusive semileptonic $\bar B\to X_u \ell\bar\nu$ decay yields a model independent determination of $|V_{ub}|$. Unlike the lepton energy and hadronic invariant mass spectra, nonperturbative effects are only important in the resonance region, and play a parametrically suppressed role when $d\Gamma / dq^2$ is integrated over $q^2 > (m_B-m_D)^2$, which is required to eliminate the $\bar B\to X_c \ell\bar\nu$ background. We discuss these backgrounds for $q^2$ slightly below $(m_B-m_D)^2$, and point out that instead of $q^2 > (m_B-m_D)^2 = 11.6 GeV^2$, the cut can be lowered to $q^2 \gtrsim 10.5 GeV^2$. This is important experimentally, particularly when effects of a finite neutrino reconstruction resolution are included.

Abstract:
The invariant mass spectrum of the lepton pair in inclusive semileptonic $\bar B\to X_u \ell\bar\nu$ decay yields a model independent determination of $|V_{ub}|$. Unlike the lepton energy and hadronic invariant mass spectra, nonperturbative effects are only important in the resonance region, and play a parametrically suppressed role when $d\Gamma / dq^2$ is integrated over $q^2 > (m_B-m_D)^2$, which is required to eliminate the $\bar B\to X_c \ell\bar\nu$ background. We discuss these backgrounds for $q^2$ slightly below $(m_B-m_D)^2$, and point out that instead of $q^2 > (m_B-m_D)^2 = 11.6 GeV^2$, the cut can be lowered to $q^2 \gtrsim 10.5 GeV^2$. This is important experimentally, particularly when effects of a finite neutrino reconstruction resolution are included.

Abstract:
We present $O(\alpha_s^2)$ QCD corrections to the fully-differential decay rate of a $b$-quark into inclusive semileptonic charmless final states. Our calculation provides genuine two-loop QCD corrections, beyond the Brodsky-Lepage-Mackenzie (BLM) approximation, to any infra-red safe partonic observable that can be probed in $b \to X_u e \bar \nu$ decays. Kinematic cuts that closely match those used in experiments can be fully accounted for. To illustrate these points, we compute the non-BLM corrections to moments of the hadronic invariant mass and the hadronic energy with cuts on the lepton energy and the hadronic invariant mass. Our results remove one of the sources of theoretical uncertainty that affect the extraction of the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$ from charmless inclusive B-decays.

Abstract:
We compute the first two moments of the final hadronic invariant mass in inclusive semileptonic B decay, in the presence of a cut on the charged lepton energy. These moments may be measured directly by experiments at the Upsilon(4S) using the neutrino reconstruction technique, which requires such a cut. Measurement of these moments will place constraints on the nonperturbative parameters \bar\Lambda and \lambda_1, which are relevant for extracting the quark masses m_b and m_c, as well as the CKM angle V_cb. We include terms of order \alpha_s^2\beta_0 and 1/m_b^3 in the operator product expansion, and use the latter to estimate the theoretical uncertainty in the extraction of \bar\Lambda and \lambda_1.

Abstract:
We determine the inclusive B --> Xc l nu branching fraction, the CKM matrix element |Vcb|, and other heavy-quark parameters from a simultaneous fit to moments of the hadronic-mass and lepton-energy distributions in semileptonic B-meson decays, measured as a function of the lower limit on the lepton energy, using data recorded with the BABAR detector. Using Heavy Quark Expansions (HQEs) to order 1/mb^3, we extract BR_cenu=(10.61 +- 0.16(exp) +- 0.06(HQE))% and |Vcb| = (41.4 +- 0.4(exp) +- 0.4(HQE) +- 0.6(th)) 10^-3. The stated errors refer to the experimental, HQE, and additional theoretical uncertainties.

Abstract:
We suggest a method to determine V_ub / V_ts through a comparison of B -> X_u l nu_l and B -> X_s gamma. The relevant quantity is the spectrum of the light-cone component of the final state hadronic momentum, which in B -> X_s gamma is the photon energy while in B -> X_u l nu_l this requires a measurement of both hadronic energy and hadronic invariant mass. The non-perturbative contributions at tree level to these distributions are identical and may be cancelled by taking the ratio of the spectra. Radiative corrections to this comparison are discussed to order alpha_s and are combined with the non-perturbative contributions.

Abstract:
An analytic result for the O(alpha_s corrections to the triple differential B -> X_u l nu decay rate is presented, to leading order in the heavy-quark expansion. This is relevant for computing partially integrated decay distributions with arbitrary cuts on kinematic variables. Several double and single differential distributions are derived, most of which generalize known results. In particular, an analytic result for the O(alpha_s) corrections to the hadronic invariant mass spectrum is presented. The effects of Fermi motion, which are important for the description of decay spectra close to infrared sensitive regions, are included. The behaviour of perturbation theory in the region of time-like momenta is also investigated

Abstract:
In this paper we investigate the hadronic mass spectra of inclusive B decays. Specifically, we study how an upper cut on the invariant mass spectrum, which is necessary to extract V_{ub}, results in the breakdown of the standard perturbative expansion due to the existence of large infrared logs. We first show how the decay rate factorizes at the level of the double differential distribution. Then, we present closed form expressions for the resummed cut rate for the inclusive decays B -> X_s gamma and B -> X_u e nu at next-to-leading order in the infrared logs. Using these results, we determine the range of cuts for which resummation is necessary, as well as the range for which the resummed expansion itself breaks down. We also use our results to extract the leading and next to leading infrared log contribution to the two loop differential rate. We find that for the phenomenologically interesting cut values, there is only a small region where the calculation is under control. Furthermore, the size of this region is sensitive to the parameter \bar{\Lambda}. We discuss the viability of extracting V_{ub} from the hadronic mass spectrum.

Abstract:
We present a QCD-based approach to the endpoint region of the lepton spectrum in $\bar B\to X_u\,\ell\,\bar\nu$ decays. We introduce a genuinely nonperturbative form factor, the shape function, which describes the fall-off of the spectrum close to the endpoint. The moments of this function are related to forward scattering matrix elements of local, higher-dimension operators. We find that nonperturbative effects are dominant over a finite region in the lepton energy spectrum, the width of which is related to the kinetic energy of the $b$-quark inside the $B$ meson. Applications of our method to the extraction of fundamental standard model parameters, among them $V_{ub}$, are discussed in detail.

Abstract:
The inclusive decay B --> X_u l nu is of much interest because of its potential to constrain the CKM element |V_ub|. Experimental cuts required to suppress charm background restrict measurements of this decay to the shape-function region, where the hadronic final state carries a large energy but only a moderate invariant mass. In this kinematic region, the differential decay distributions satisfy a factorization formula of the form $H \cdot J \otimes S$, where S is the non-perturbative shape function, and the object $H \cdot J$ is a perturbatively calculable hard-scattering kernel. In this paper we present the calculation of the hard function H at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in perturbation theory. Combined with the known NNLO result for the jet function J, this completes the perturbative part of the NNLO calculation for this process.