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Assessing the discovery potential of directional detection of Dark Matter  [PDF]
J. Billard,F. Mayet,D. Santos
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.035006
Abstract: There is a worldwide effort toward the development of a large TPC (Time Projection Chamber) devoted to directional Dark Matter detection. All current projects are being designed to fulfill a unique goal : identifying weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) as such by taking advantage of the expected direction dependence of WIMP-induced events toward the constellation Cygnus. However such proof of discovery requires a careful statistical data treatment. In this paper, the discovery potential of forthcoming directional detectors is adressed by using a frequentist approach based on the profile likelihood ratio test statistic. This allows us to estimate the expected significance of a Dark Matter detection. Moreover, using this powerful test statistic, it is possible to propagate astrophysical and experimental uncertainties in the determination of the discovery potential of a given directional detection experiment. This way, we found that a 30 kg.year CF$_4$ directional experiment could reach a 3$\sigma$ sensitivity at 90% C.L. down to $10^{-5}$ pb and $3.10^{-4}$ pb for the WIMP-proton axial cross section in the most optimistic and pessimistic scenario respectively.
Exclusion, Discovery and Identification of Dark Matter with Directional Detection  [PDF]
J. Billard,F. Mayet,D. Santos
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/eas/1253009
Abstract: Directional detection is a promising search strategy to discover galactic Dark Matter. We present a Bayesian analysis framework dedicated to data from upcoming directional detectors. The interest of directional detection as a powerful tool to set exclusion limits, to authentify a Dark Matter detection or to constrain the Dark Matter properties, both from particle physics and galactic halo physics, will be demonstrated.
Is a co-rotating Dark Disk a threat to Dark Matter Directional Detection ?  [PDF]
J. Billard,Q. Riffard,F. Mayet,D. Santos
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2012.12.037
Abstract: Recent N-Body simulations are in favor of the presence of a co-rotating Dark Disk that might contribute significantly (10%-50%) to the local Dark Matter density. Such substructure could have dramatic effect on directional detection. Indeed, in the case of a null lag velocity, one expects an isotropic WIMP velocity distribution arising from the Dark Disk contribution, which might weaken the strong angular signature expected in directional detection. For a wide range of Dark Disk parameters, we evaluate in this Letter the effect of such dark component on the discovery potential of upcoming directional detectors. As a conclusion of our study, using only the angular distribution of nuclear recoils, we show that Dark Disk models as suggested by recent N-Body simulations will not affect significantly the Dark Matter reach of directional detection, even in extreme configurations.
An Antenna for Directional Detection of WISPy Dark Matter  [PDF]
Joerg Jaeckel,Javier Redondo
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/11/016
Abstract: It is an intriguing possibility that the cold dark matter of the Universe may consist of very light and very weakly interacting particles such as axion(-like particles) and hidden photons. This opens up (but also requires) new techniques for direct detection. One possibility is to use reflecting surfaces to facilitate the conversion of dark matter into photons, which can be concentrated in a detector with a suitable geometry. In this note we show that this technique also allows for directional detection and inference of the full vectorial velocity spectrum of the dark matter particles. We also note that the non-vanishing velocity of dark matter particles is relevant for the conception of (non-directional) discovery experiments and outline relevant features.
Directional detection of Dark Matter  [PDF]
F. Mayet,J. Billard,D. Santos
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/eas/1253001
Abstract: Directional detection is a promising Dark Matter search strategy. Taking advantage on the rotation of the Solar system around the galactic center through the Dark Matter halo, it allows to show a direction dependence of WIMP events. It requires the simultaneous measurement of the energy and the 3D track of low energy recoils, which is a common challenge for all current projects of directional detectors. The third CYGNUS workshop on directional dark matter detection has brought together the scientific community working on both theoretical and experimental aspects of the subject. In this paper, we give an introductory revue of directional detection of Dark Matter, focusing on the main recent progresses.
Directional Resolution of Dish Antenna Experiments to Search for WISPy Dark Matter  [PDF]
Joerg Jaeckel,Stefan Knirck
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Dark matter consisting of very light and very weakly interacting particles such as axions, axion-like particles and hidden photons could be detected using reflective surfaces. On such reflectors some of the dark matter particles are converted into photons and, given a suitable geometry, concentrated on the detector. This technique offers sensitivity to the direction of the velocity of the dark matter particles. In this note we investigate how far spherical mirrors can concentrate the generated photons and what this implies for the resolution in directional detection as well as the sensitivity of discovery experiments not aiming for directional resolution. Finally we discuss an improved setup using a combination of a reflecting plane with focussing optics.
The Directional Dark Matter Detector  [PDF]
S. E. Vahsen,H. Feng,M. Garcia-Sciveres,I. Jaegle,J. Kadyk,Y. Nguyen,M. Rosen,S. Ross,T. Thorpe,J. Yamaoka
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/eas/1253006
Abstract: Gas-filled Time Projection Chambers (TPCs) with Gas Electron Multipliers (GEMs) and pixels appear suitable for direction-sensitive WIMP dark matter searches. We present the background and motivation for our work on this technology, past and ongoing prototype work, and a development path towards an affordable, 1-$\rm m^3$-scale directional dark matter detector, \dcube. Such a detector may be particularly suitable for low-mass WIMP searches, and perhaps sufficiently sensitive to clearly determine whether the signals seen by DAMA, CoGeNT, and CRESST-II are due to low-mass WIMPs or background.
Directional Detection of Dark Matter with MIMAC  [PDF]
J. Billard,F. Mayet,D. Santos
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/375/1/012008
Abstract: Directional detection is a promising search strategy to discover galactic Dark Matter. We present a Bayesian analysis framework dedicated to Dark Matter phenomenology using directional detection. The interest of directional detection as a powerful tool to set exclusion limits, to authentify a Dark Matter detection or to constrain the Dark Matter properties, both from particle physics and galactic halo physics, will be demonstrated. However, such results need highly accurate track reconstruction which should be reachable by the MIMAC detector using a dedicated readout combined with a likelihood analysis of recoiling nuclei.
Three-dimensional track reconstruction for directional Dark Matter detection  [PDF]
J. Billard,F. Mayet,D. Santos
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/04/006
Abstract: Directional detection of Dark Matter is a promising search strategy. However, to perform such detection, a given set of parameters has to be retrieved from the recoiling tracks : direction, sense and position in the detector volume. In order to optimize the track reconstruction and to fully exploit the data of forthcoming directional detectors, we present a likelihood method dedicated to 3D track reconstruction. This new analysis method is applied to the MIMAC detector. It requires a full simulation of track measurements in order to compare real tracks to simulated ones. We conclude that a good spatial resolution can be achieved, i.e. sub-mm in the anode plane and cm along the drift axis. This opens the possibility to perform a fiducialization of directional detectors. The angular resolution is shown to range between 20$^\circ$ to 80$^\circ$, depending on the recoil energy, which is however enough to achieve a high significance discovery of Dark Matter. On the contrary, we show that sense recognition capability of directional detectors depends strongly on the recoil energy and the drift distance, with small efficiency values (50%-70%). We suggest not to consider this information either for exclusion or discovery of Dark Matter for recoils below 100 keV and then to focus on axial directional data.
Directional detection of Dark Matter  [PDF]
J. Billard,F. Mayet,J. F. Macias-Perez,D. Santos,C. Grignon,O. Guillaudin
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Directional detection of galactic Dark Matter is a promising search strategy for discriminating genuine WIMP events from background ones. However, to take full advantage of this powerful detection method, one need to be able to extract information from an observed recoil map to identify a WIMP signal. We present a comprehensive formalism, using a map-based likelihood method allowing to recover the main incoming direction of the signal, thus proving its galactic origin, and the corresponding significance. Constraints are then deduced in the (sigma_n, m_chi) plane.
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