Abstract:
In this paper, we discuss how to apply GAP to do computations in modular representation theory. Of particular interest is the generating number of a group algebra, which measures the failure of the generating hypothesis in the stable module category. We introduce a computational method to do this calculation and present it in pseudo-code. We have also implemented the algorithm in GAP and managed to do computations of examples that we were not able to do before. The computations lead to conjectures on the ghost numbers of the groups $Q_8$ and $A_4$.

Abstract:
The localization lengths of ultrathin disordered Au and Ag nanowires are estimated by calculating the wire conductances as functions of wire lengths. We study Ag and Au monoatomic linear chains, and thicker Ag wires with very small cross sections. For the monoatomic chains we consider two types of disorder: bounded random fluctuations of the interatomic distances, and the presence of random substitutional impurities. The effect of impurity atoms on the nanowire conductance is much stronger. Our results show that electrical transport in ultrathin disordered wires may occur in the strong localization regime, and with relatively small amounts of disorder the localization lengths may be rather small. The localization length dependence on wire thickness is investigated for Ag nanowires with different impurity concentrations.

Abstract:
The spectral properties of the Laplacian on a class of quantum graphs with random metric structure are studied. Namely, we consider quantum graphs spanned by the simple $\ZZ^d$-lattice with $\delta$-type boundary conditions at the vertices, and we assume that the edge lengths are randomly independently identically distributed. Under the assumption that the coupling constant at the vertices does not vanish, we show that the operator exhibits the Anderson localization at the bottom of the spectrum almost surely. We also study the case of other spectral edges.

Abstract:
Previous experimental work on a two-dimensional (2D) electron gas in a Si-on-sapphire device led to the conclusion that both conductivity and phonon drag thermopower $S^g$ are affected to the same relative extent by weak localization. The present paper presents further experimental and theoretical results on these transport coefficients for two very low mobility 2D electron gases in $\delta-$doped GaAs/Ga$_x$Al$_{1-x}$As quantum wells. The experiments were carried out in the temperature range 3-7K where phonon drag dominates the thermopower and, contrary to the previous work, the changes observed in the thermopower due to weak localization were found to be an order of magnitude less than those in the conductivity. A theoretical framework for phonon drag thermopower in 2D and 3D semiconductors is presented which accounts for this insensitivity of $S^g$ to weak localization. It also provides transparent physical explanations of many previous experimental and theoretical results.

Abstract:
Weak localization in graphene is studied as a function of carrier density in the range from 1 x $10^{11}$\,cm$^{-2}$ to 1.43 x $10^{13}$\,cm$^{-2}$ using devices produced by epitaxial growth onto SiC and CVD growth on thin metal film. The magnetic field dependent weak localization is found to be well fitted by theory, which is then used to analyse the dependence of the scattering lengths L$_\varphi$, L$_i$, and L$_*$ on carrier density. We find no significant carrier dependence for L$_\varphi$, a weak decrease for L$_i$ with increasing carrier density just beyond a large standard error, and a n$^{-\frac{1}{4}}$ dependence for L$_*$. We demonstrate that currents as low as 0.01\,nA are required in smaller devices to avoid hot-electron artefacts in measurements of the quantum corrections to conductivity.

Abstract:
We show that the superconducting energy gap $\Delta$ can be directly observed in phonon spectra, as predicted by recent theories. In addition, since each phonon probes the gap on only a small part of the Fermi surface, the gap anisotropy can be studied in detail. Our neutron scattering investigation of the anisotropic conventional superconductor YNi$_2$B$_2$C demonstrates this new application of phonon spectroscopy.

Abstract:
The propagation of an interacting particle pair in a disordered chain is characterized by a set of localization lengths which we define. The localization lengths are computed by a new decimation algorithm and provide a more comprehensive picture of the two-particle propagation. We find that the interaction delocalizes predominantly the center-of-mass motion of the pair and use our approach to propose a consistent interpretation of the discrepancies between previous numerical results.

Abstract:
The scale invariant properties of wave functions in finite samples of one dimensional random systems with correlated disorder are analyzed. The random dimer model and its generalizations are considered and the wave functions are compared. Generalized entropic localization lengths are introduced in order to characterize the states and compared with their behavior for exponential localization. An acceptable agreement is obtained, however, the exponential form seems to be an oversimplification in the presence of correlated disorder. According to our analysis in the case of the random dimer model and the two new models the presence of power-law localization cannot be ruled out.

Abstract:
Floppy membranes are tensionless surfaces without extrinsic stiffness, whose fluctuations are governed by fourth-order bending elasticity. This suppresses spiky superstructures and ensures that floppy membranes remain smooth over any distance, with Hausdorff dimension D=2, in contrast to surfaces with stiffness, which are rough on the scale of some finite persistence length.

Abstract:
We investigate electron-phonon coupling in many-electron systems using dynamical mean-field theory in combination with the numerical renormalization group. This non-perturbative method reveals significant precursor effects to the gap formation at intermediate coupling strengths. The emergence of a soft phonon mode and very strong lattice fluctuations can be understood in terms of Kondo-like physics due to the development of a double-well structure in the effective potential for the ions.