Abstract:
In this work we investigate the existence of weak solutions for steady flows of generalized incompressible and homogeneous viscous fluids. The problem is modeled by the steady case of the generalized Navier-Stokes equations, where the exponent $q$ that characterizes the flow depends on the space variable: $q=q(\mathbf{x})$. For the associated boundary-value problem we prove the existence of weak solutions for any variable exponent $q\geq\alpha>\frac{2N}{N+2}$, where $\alpha=\mathrm{ess}\inf q$. This work improves all the known existence results in the sense that the lowest possible bound of $q$ is attained and no other assumption on the regularity of $q$ is required.

Abstract:
We present a survey on some recent results concerning the different models of a mixture of compressible fluids. In particular we discuss the most realistic case of a mixture when each constituent has its own temperature (MT) and we first compare the solutions of this model with the one with a unique common temperature (ST ). In the case of Eulerian fluids it will be shown that the corresponding (ST ) differential system is a principal subsystem of the (MT) one. Global behavior of smooth solutions for large time for both systems will also be discussed through the application of the Shizuta-Kawashima condition. Then we introduce the concept of the average temperature of mixture based upon the consideration that the internal energy of the mixture is the same as in the case of a single-temperature mixture. As a consequence, it is shown that the entropy of the mixture reaches a local maximum in equilibrium. Through the procedure of Maxwellian iteration a new constitutive equation for non-equilibrium temperatures of constituents is obtained in a classical limit, together with the Fick's law for the diffusion flux. Finally, to justify the Maxwellian iteration, we present for dissipative fluids a possible approach of a classical theory of mixture with multi-temperature and we prove that the differences of temperatures between the constituents imply the existence of a new dynamical pressure even if the fluids have a zero bulk viscosity.

Abstract:
We consider the equations of motion for an incompressible Non-Newtonian fluid in a bounded Lipschitz domain $G\subset\mathbb R^d$ during the time intervall $(0,T)$ together with a stochastic perturbation driven by a Brownian motion $W$. The balance of momentum reads as $$dv=\mathrm{div}\, S\,dt-(\nabla v)v\,dt+\nabla\pi \,dt+f\,dt+\Phi(v)\,dW_t,$$ where $v$ is the velocity, $\pi$ the pressure and $f$ an external volume force. We assume the common power law model $S(\varepsilon(v))=\big(1+|\varepsilon(v)|\big)^{p-2} \varepsilon(v)$ and show the existence of weak (martingale) solutions provided $p>\tfrac{2d+2}{d+2}$. Our approach is based on the $L^\infty$-truncation and a harmonic pressure decomposition which are adapted to the stochastic setting.

Abstract:
Constitutive laws for multi-component fluids (MCF) is one of the thorniest problems in science. Two questions explored here are: how to ensure that these relations reduce to accepted forms when all but one of the constituents vanishes; and what constraints does the Second Law impose on the dynamics of viscous fluids at different temperatures? The analysis suggests an alternative to the metaphysical principles for MCF proposed by Truesdell [1].

Abstract:
We develop the a posteriori error analysis of finite element approximations of implicit power-law-like models for viscous incompressible fluids. The Cauchy stress and the symmetric part of the velocity gradient in the class of models under consideration are related by a, possibly multi--valued, maximal monotone $r$-graph, with $\frac{2d}{d+1}

Abstract:
We consider a stochastic partial differential equation (SPDE) which describes the velocity field of a viscous, incompressible non-Newtonian fluid subject to a random force. Here the extra stress tensor of the fluid is given by a polynomial of degree $p-1$ of the rate of strain tensor, while the colored noise is considered as a random force. We investigate the existence and the uniqueness of weak solutions to this SPDE.

Abstract:
We develop the analysis of finite element approximations of implicit power-law-like models for viscous incompressible fluids. The Cauchy stress and the symmetric part of the velocity gradient in the class of models under consideration are related by a, possibly multi--valued, maximal monotone $r$-graph, with $1

Abstract:
We present a classical approach of a mixture of compressible fluids when each constituent has its own temperature. The introduction of an average temperature together with the entropy principle dictates the classical Fick law for diffusion and also novel constitutive equations associated with the difference of temperatures between the components. The constitutive equations fit with results recently obtained through Maxwellian iteration procedure in extended thermodynamics theory of multitemperature mixtures. The differences of temperatures between the constituents imply the existence of a new dynamical pressure even if the fluids have a zero bulk viscosity. The nonequilibrium dynamical pressure can be measured and may be convenient in several physical situations as for example in cosmological circumstances where - as many authors assert - a dynamical pressure played a major role in the evolution of the early universe.

Abstract:
Through an Hamiltonian action we write down the system of equations of motions for a mixture of thermocapillary fluids under the assumption that the internal energy is a function not only of the gradient of the densities but also of the gradient of the entropies of each component. A Lagrangian associated with the kinetic energy and the internal energy allows to obtain the equations of momentum for each component and for the barycentric motion of the mixture. We obtain also the balance of energy and we prove that the equations are compatible with the second law of thermodynamics. Though the system is of parabolic type, we prove that there exist two tangential acceleration waves that characterize the interfacial motion. The dependence of the internal energy of the entropy gradients is mandatory for the existence of this kind of waves. The differential system is non-linear but the waves propagate without distortion due to the fact that they are linearly degenerate (exceptional waves).

Abstract:
We extend the Liouville-type theorems of Gilbarg and Weinberger and of Koch, Nadirashvili, Seregin and Sver\'ak valid for the stationary variant of the classical Navier-Stokes equations in 2D to the degenerate power law fluid model.