Abstract:
The spin 1 particle is treated in the presence of the Dirac magnetic monopole in the Minkowski and Lobachevsky spaces. Separating the variables in the frame of the matrix 10-component Duffin-Kemer-Petiau approach (wave equation) and making a nonrelativistic approximation in the corresponding radial equations, a system of three coupled second order linear differential equations is derived for each type of geometry. For the Minkowski space, the nonrelativistic equations are disconnected using a linear transformation, which makes the mixing matrix diagonal. The resultant three unconnected equations involve three routs of a cubic algebraic equation as parameters. The approach allows extension to the case of additional external spherically symmetric fields. The Coulomb and oscillator potentials are considered and for each of these cases three series of energy spectra are derived. A special attention is given to the states with minimum value of the total angular momentum. In the case of the curved background of the Lobachevsky geometry, the mentioned linear transformation does not disconnect the nonrelativistic equations in the presence of the monopole. Nevertheless, we derive the solution of the problem in the case of minimum total angular momentum. In this case, we additionally involve a Coulomb or oscillator field. Finally, considering the case without the monopole field, we show that for both Coulomb and oscillator potentials the problem is reduced to a system of three differential equations involving a hypergeometric and two general Heun equations. Imposing on the parameters of the latter equations a specific requirement, reasonable from the physical standpoint, we derive the corresponding energy spectra.

Abstract:
In the paper, the well-known quantum mechanical problem of a spin 1/2 particle in external Coulomb potential, reduced to a system of two first-order differential equations, is studied from the point of view of possible applications of the Heun function theory to treat this system. It is shown that in addition to the standard way to solve the problem in terms of the confluent hypergeometric functions (proposed in 1928 by G. Darvin and W. Gordon), there are possible several other possibilities which rely on applying the confluent Heun functions. Namely, in the paper there are elaborated two combined possibilities to construct solutions: the first applies when one equation of the pair of relevant functions is expressed trough hypergeometric functions, and another constructed in terms of confluent Heun functions. In this respect, certain relations between the two classes of functions are established. It is shown that both functions of the system may be expressed in terms of confluent Heun functions. All the ways to study this problem lead us to a single energy spectrum, which indicates their correctness.

Abstract:
First a set of coherent states a la Klauder is formally constructed for the Coulomb problem in a curved space of constant curvature. Then the flat-space limit is taken to reduce the set for the radial Coulomb problem to a set of hydrogen atom coherent states corresponding to both the discrete and the continuous portions of the spectrum for a fixed \ell sector.

Abstract:
In this article we show for the first time the role played by the hypergeneralized Heun equation (HHE) in the context of Quantum Field Theory in curved space-times. More precisely, we find suitable transformations relating the separated radial and angular parts of a massive Dirac equation in the Kerr-Newman-deSitter metric to a HHE.

Abstract:
In this article we give a brief outline of the applications of the generalized Heun equation (GHE) in the context of Quantum Field Theory in curved space-times. In particular, we relate the separated radial part of a massive Dirac equation in the Kerr-Newman metric and the static perturbations for the non-extremal Reissner-Nordstr\"{o}m solution to a GHE.

Abstract:
The paper studies the quantum mechanical Coulomb problem on a 3-sphere. We present a special parametrization of the ellipto-spheroidal coordinate system suitable for the separation of variables. After quantization we get the explicit form of the spectrum and present an algebraic equation for the eigenvalues of the Runge-Lentz vector. We also present the wave functions expressed via Heun polynomials.

Abstract:
We give examples where the Heun function exists in general relativity. It turns out that while a wave equation written in the background of certain metric yields Mathieu functions as its solutions in four space-time dimensions, the trivial generalization to five dimensions results in the double confluent Heun function. We reduce this solution to the Mathieu function with some transformations.

Abstract:
In this paper it is introduced and studied an alternative theory of gravitation in flat Minkowski space. Using an antisymmetric tensor, which is analogous to the tensor of electromagnetic field, a non-linear connection is introduced. It is very convenient for studying the perihelion/periastron shift, deflection of the light rays near the Sun and the frame dragging together with geodetic precession, i.e. effects where angles are involved. Although the corresponding results are obtained in rather different way, they are the same as in the General Relativity. The results about the barycenter of two bodies are also the same as in the General Relativity. Comparing the derived equations of motion for the $n$-body problem with the Einstein-Infeld-Hoffmann equations, it is found that they differ from the EIH equations by Lorentz invariant terms of order $c^{-2}$.

Abstract:
Schroedinger's equation with the attractive potential V(r) = -Z/(r^q+ b^q)^(1/q), Z > 0, b > 0, q >= 1, is shown, for general values of the parameters Z and b, to be reducible to the confluent Heun equation in the case q=1, and to the generalized Heun equation in case q=2. In a formulation with correct asymptotics, the eigenstates are specified a priori up to an unknown factor. In certain special cases this factor becomes a polynomial. The Asymptotic Iteration Method is used either to find the polynomial factor and the associated eigenvalue explicitly, or to construct accurate approximations for them. Detail solutions for both cases are provided.

Abstract:
In this paper, we construct an injection $A \times B \rightarrow M \times M$ from the product of any two nonempty subsets of the symmetric group into the square of their midpoint set, where the metric is that corresponding to the conjugacy class of transpositions. If $A$ and $B$ are disjoint, our construction allows to inject two copies of $A \times B$ into $M \times M$. These injections imply a positively curved Brunn-Minkowski inequality for the symmetric group analogous to that obtained by Ollivier and Villani for the hypercube. However, while Ollivier and Villani's inequality is optimal, we believe that the curvature term in our inequality can be improved. We identify a hypothetical concentration inequality in the symmetric group and prove that it yields an optimally curved Brunn-Minkowski inequality.