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Mapping dark matter in the gamma-ray sky with galaxy catalogs  [PDF]
Shin'ichiro Ando,Aurélien Benoit-Lévy,Eiichiro Komatsu
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.023514
Abstract: Cross-correlating gamma-ray maps with locations of galaxies in the low-redshift Universe vastly increases sensitivity to signatures of annihilation of dark matter particles. Low-redshift galaxies are ideal targets, as the largest contribution to anisotropy in the gamma-ray sky from annihilation comes from $z\lesssim 0.1$, where we expect minimal contributions from astrophysical sources such as blazars. Cross-correlating the five-year data of Fermi-LAT with the redshift catalog of the 2MASS survey can detect gamma rays from annihilation if dark matter has the canonical annihilation cross section and its mass is smaller than $\sim$100 GeV.
Generic dark matter signature for gamma-ray telescopes  [PDF]
V. Barger,Y. Gao,W. -Y. Keung,D. Marfatia
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.80.063537
Abstract: We describe a characteristic signature of dark matter (DM) annihilation or decay into gamma-rays. We show that if the total angular momentum of the initial DM particle(s) vanishes, and helicity suppression operates to prevent annihilation/decay into light fermion pairs, then the amplitude for the dominant 3-body final state f^+f^-\gamma has a unique form dictated by gauge invariance. This amplitude and the corresponding energy spectra hold for annihilation of DM Majorana fermions or self-conjugate scalars, and for decay of DM scalars, thus encompassing a variety of possibilities. Within this scenario, we analyze Fermi LAT, PAMELA and HESS data, and predict a hint in future Fermi gamma-ray data that portends a striking signal at atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (ACTs).
SUSY in the sky or a keV signature of sub-GeV gravitino dark matter  [PDF]
S. V. Demidov,D. S. Gorbunov
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.035014
Abstract: We point out that recently discovered 3.5 keV line in X-ray spectra from various galaxy clusters and the Andromeda galaxy can be naturally explained by physics of a sector responsible for spontaneous supersymmetry breaking in models with R-parity. In this scenario the source of this line could be decay of sgoldstino - scalar superpartner of massive gravitino. At the same time the dominant dark matter component is stable gravitino whose mass is predicted to be about 0.25 GeV.
Hunting Dark Matter Gamma-Ray Lines with the Fermi LAT  [PDF]
Gilles Vertongen,Christoph Weniger
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2011/05/027
Abstract: Monochromatic photons could be produced in the annihilation or decay of dark matter particles. At high energies, the search for such line features in the cosmic gamma-ray spectrum is essentially background free because plausible astrophysical processes are not expected to produce such a signal. The observation of a gamma-ray line would hence be a `smoking-gun' signature for dark matter, making the search for such signals particularly attractive. Among the different dark matter models predicting gamma-ray lines, the local supersymmetric extension of the standard model with small R-parity violation and gravitino LSP is of particular interest because it provides a framework where primordial nucleosynthesis, gravitino dark matter and thermal leptogenesis are naturally consistent. Using the two-years Fermi LAT data, we present a dedicated search for gamma-ray lines coming from dark matter annihilation or decay in the Galactic halo. Taking into account the full detector response, and using a binned profile likelihood method, we search for significant line features in the energy spectrum of the diffuse flux observed in different regions of the sky. No evidence for a line signal at the 5-sigma level is found for photon energies between 1 and 300 GeV, and conservative bounds on dark matter decay rates and annihilation cross sections are presented. Implications for gravitino dark matter in presence of small R-parity violation are discussed, as well as the impact of our results on the prospect for seeing long-lived neutralinos or staus at the LHC.
A Search for a keV Signature of Radiatively Decaying Dark Matter with Suzaku XIS Observations of the X-ray Diffuse Background  [PDF]
Norio Sekiya,Noriko Y. Yamasaki,Kazuhisa Mitsuda
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/psv081
Abstract: We performed the deepest search for an X-ray emission line between 0.5 and 7 keV from non-baryonic dark matter with the Suzaku XIS. Dark matter associated with the Milky Way galaxy was selected as the target to obtain the best signal-to-noise ratio. From the Suzaku archive, we selected 187 data sets of blank sky regions which were dominated by the X-ray diffuse background. The data sets were from 2005 to 2013. Instrumental responses were adjusted by multiple calibration data sets of the Crab Nebula. We also improved the technique of subtracting lines of instrumental origin. These energy spectra were well described by X-ray emission due to charge exchange around the Solar System, hot plasma in and around the Milky Way and superposition of extra-galactic point sources. A signal of a narrow emission line was searched for, and the significance of detection was evaluated in consideration of the blind search method (the Look-elsewhere Effect). Our results exhibited no significant detection of an emission line feature from dark matter. The 3$\sigma$ upper limit for the emission line intensity between 1 and 7 keV was $\sim10^{-2}$ photons cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ sr$^{-1}$, or $\sim 5\times10^{-4}$ photons cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ sr$^{-1}$ per $M_\odot$ pc$^{-2}$, assuming a dark matter distribution with the Galactic rotation curve. The parameters of sterile neutrinos as candidates of dark matter were also constrained.
Fermi's Sibyl: Mining the gamma-ray sky for dark matter subhaloes  [PDF]
N. Mirabal,V. Frias-Martinez,T. Hassan,E. Frias-Martinez
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2012.01287.x
Abstract: Dark matter annihilation signals coming from Galactic subhaloes may account for a small fraction of unassociated point sources detected in the Second Fermi-LAT catalogue (2FGL). To investigate this possibility, we present Sibyl, a Random Forest classifier that offers predictions on class memberships for unassociated Fermi-LAT sources at high Galactic latitudes using gamma-ray features extracted from the 2FGL. Sibyl generates a large ensemble of classification trees that are trained to vote on whether a particular object is an active galactic nucleus (AGN) or a pulsar. After training on a list of 908 identified/associated 2FGL sources, Sibyl reaches individual accuracy rates of up to 97.7% for AGNs and 96.5% for pulsars. Predictions for the 269 unassociated 2FGL sources at |b| > 10 degrees suggest that 216 are potential AGNs and 16 are potential pulsars (with majority votes greater than 70%). The remaining 37 objects are inconclusive, but none is an extreme outlier. These results could guide future quests for dark matter Galactic subhaloes.
Dirac right-handed sneutrino dark matter and its signature in the gamma-ray lines  [PDF]
Ki-Young Choi,Osamu Seto
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.043515
Abstract: We show that a Dirac right-handed scalar neutrino can be weakly interacting massive particle in the neutrinophilic Higgs model. When the additional Higgs fields couple only to the leptonic sector through neutrino Yukawa couplings, the right number of relic density of dark matter can be obtained from thermal freeze-out of the dark matter annihilation into charged leptons and neutrinos. At present, this annihilation is suppressed by the velocity of dark matter. However one-loop annihilation cross section into $\gamma\gamma$ can be larger than that of the helicity suppressed annihilation into fermions, because relevant coupling constants are different. Hence, gamma-ray line signal which might have been observed in the Fermi-LAT is also able to be explained by its annihilation.
Mirage in the Sky: Non-thermal Dark Matter, Gravitino Problem, and Cosmic Ray Anomalies  [PDF]
Bhaskar Dutta,Louis Leblond,Kuver Sinha
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.80.035014
Abstract: Recent anomalies in cosmic rays could be due to dark matter annihilation in our galaxy. In order to get the required large cross-section to explain the data while still obtaining the right relic density, we rely on a non standard thermal history between dark matter freeze-out and Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). We show that through a reheating phase from the decay of a heavy moduli or even the gravitino, we can produce the right relic density of dark matter if its self-annihilation cross-section is large enough. In addition to fitting the recent data, this scenario solves the cosmological moduli and gravitino problems. We illustrate this mechanism with a specific example in the context of U(1)_{B-L} extended MSSM where supersymmetry is broken via mirage mediation. These string motivated models naturally contain heavy moduli decaying to the gravitino, whose subsequent decay to the LSP can reheat the universe at a low temperature. The right-handed sneutrino and the B-L gaugino can both be viable dark matter candidates with large cross-section. They are leptophilic because of B-L charges. We also show that it is possible to distinguish the non-thermal from the thermal scenario (using Sommerfeld enhancement) in direct detection experiments for certain regions of parameter space.
The TeV Cosmic-Ray Anisotropy from Local Dark Matter Annihilation  [PDF]
J. Patrick Harding
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Several experiments have reported regions in the TeV sky with an excess of cosmic rays. Here we consider the possibility that the excess cosmic rays are coming from dark matter annihilation in nearby subhalos. We provide motivation for dark matter as the source of the excess and show that dark matter annihilations can naturally produce the cosmic ray anisotropy without the need for exotic dark matter models. We show that viable dark matter explanations of the cosmic ray excess are consistent with current measurements of antiprotons, positrons, and gamma-rays. Additionally, we show that the dark matter interpretation of the observed anisotropy predicts detections in several cosmic ray channels by the next generation of experiments.
Indirect signature of dark matter with the diphoton resonance at 750 GeV  [PDF]
Jong-Chul Park,Seong Chan Park
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Motivated by the recently reported diphoton resonance at 750 GeV, we study a new axion-like bosonic portal model of dark matter physics. When the resonance particle is identified as the pseudo-scalar mediator, via which the standard model sector would interact with the dark matter sector, the data from collider physics would provide profound implications to dark matter phenomenology. In this paper, we first identify the preferred parameter space of the suggested portal model from the results of the LHC run with $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV, and then we examine the dark matter signature taking into account the data from cosmic-ray experiments including Fermi-LAT dwarf galaxy $\gamma$-ray search, HESS $\gamma$-line search, and future CTA diffuse $\gamma$-ray and $\gamma$-line searches.
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