Abstract:
A quantized fermion can be represented by a scalar particle encircling a magnetic flux line. It has the spinor structure which can be constructed from quantum gates and qubits. We have studied here the role of Berry phase in removing dynamical phase during one qubit rotation of a quantized fermion. The entanglement of two qubit inserting spin-echo to one of them results the change of Berry phase that can be considered as a measure of entanglement. Some effort is given to study the effect of noise on the Berry phase of spinor and their entangled states.

Abstract:
We introduce a novel procedure for qubit rotation, alternative to the commonly used method of Rabi oscillations of controlled pulse area. It is based on the technique of Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage (STIRAP) and therefore it is robust against fluctuations of experimental parameters. Furthermore, our work shows that it is in principle possible to perform quantum logic operations via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage. This opens up the search for a completely new class of schemes to implement logic gates.

Abstract:
We show how one can perform arbitrary rotation of any qubit, using delayed laser pulses through nonadiabatic evolution, i.e., via transitions among the adiabatic states. We use a double-Lambda scheme and use a set of control parameters such as detuning, ratio of pulse amplitudes, time-separation of two pulses for realizing different rotations of the qubit. We also investigate the effect of different kinds of chirping, namely linear chirping and hyperbolic tangent chirping. Our work using nonadiabatic evolution adds to the flexibility in the implementation of logic gate operations and show how to achieve control of quantum systems by using different types of pulses.

Abstract:
We propose a robust scheme, using tripod stimulated Raman adiabatic passage, to generate one-qubit rotation gate. In this scheme, a four-level atom interacts with three resonant laser pulses and time evolution of the corresponding coherent system is designed such that the rotation gate is implemented at the end of process. Rotation angle in this gate is holonomic and has a geometrical basis in the parameter space. We also explore the effect of spontaneous emission on the population transfer with numerical solution of Schr dinger and Liouville equations.

Abstract:
In this article we explore a modification in the problem of controlling the rotation of a two level quantum system from an initial state to a final state in minimum time. Specifically we consider the case where the qubit is being weakly monitored -- albeit with an assumption that both the measurement strength as well as the angular velocity are assumed to be control signals. This modification alters the dynamics significantly and enables the exploitation of the measurement backaction to assist in achieving the control objective. The proposed method yields a significant speedup in achieving the desired state transfer compared to previous approaches. These results are demonstrated via numerical solutions for an example problem on a single qubit.

Abstract:
Any single-qubit unitary operation or quantum gate can be considered a rotation. Typical experimental implementations of single-qubit gates involve two or three fixed rotation axes, and up to three rotation steps. Here we show that, if the rotation axes can be tuned arbitrarily in a fixed plane, then two rotation steps are sufficient for implementing a single-qubit gate, and one rotation step is sufficient for implementing a state transformation. The results are relevant for "exchange-only" logical qubits encoded in three-spin blocks, which are important for universal quantum computation in decoherence free subsystems and subspaces.

Abstract:
We show how a CNOT gate and single-qubit rotation can be implemented non-locally. We also report on the quantitative relations between these quantum actions, entanglement and classical communication resources required in the implementation.

Abstract:
We have revealed from a numerical study that the optical Hall conductivity $\sigma_{xy}(\omega)$ has a characteristic feature even in the ac ($\sim$ THz) regime in that the Hall plateaus are retained both in the ordinary two-dimensional electron gas and in graphene in the quantum Hall (QHE) regime, although the plateau height is no longer quantized in ac. In graphene $\sigma_{xy}(\omega)$ reflects the unusual Landau level structure. The effect remains unexpectedly robust against a significant strength of disorder, which we attribute to an effect of localization. We predict the ac quantum Hall measurements are feasible through the Faraday rotation characterized by the fine-structure constant $\alpha$.

Abstract:
In this article we analyze the optimal control strategy for rotating a monitored qubit from an initial pure state to an orthogonal state in minimum time. This strategy is described for two different cost functions of interest which do not have the usual regularity properties. Hence, as classically smooth cost functions may not exist, we interpret these functions as viscosity solutions to the optimal control problem. Specifically we prove their existence and uniqueness in this weak-solution setting. In addition, we also give bounds on the time optimal control to prepare any pure state from a mixed state.

Abstract:
We investigate the problem of quantum remote implementation of a single-qubit rotation operation using three-qubit entangled state. Firstly,we utilize the entanglement property of maximally entangled Greenberger--Horne--Zeilinger (GHZ) state to design a theoretical scheme for implementing the operation remotely with unit fidelity and unit probability. Then, we put forward two schemes for conclusive implementing the non-local single-qubit rotation with unit fidelity by employing a partially entangled pure GHZ state as quantum channel. The features of these schemes are that a third side is included,who may participate the process of quantum remote implementation as a supervisor. Furthermore, when the quantum channel is partially entangled,the third side can rectify the state distorted by imperfect quantum channel.In addition to the GHZ class state, the $W$ class state can also be used to remotely implement the same operation probabilistically. The probability of successful implementation using the $W$ class state is always less than that using the GHZ class state.