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Magnetic Field-Induced Superconductor-Insulator-Metal Transition in an Organic Conductor: An Infrared Magneto-Optical Imaging Spectroscopy  [PDF]
Tatsuhiko Nishi,Shin-ichi Kimura,Toshiharu Takahashi,Hojun Im,Yong-seung Kwon,Takahiro Ito,Kazuya Miyagawa,Hiromi Taniguchi,Atsushi Kawamoto,Kazushi Kanoda
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.014525
Abstract: The magnetic field-induced superconductor-insulator-metal transition (SIMT) in partially deuterated $\kappa$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2$Cu[N(CN)$_2$]Br, which is just on the Mott boundary, has been observed using the infrared magneto-optical imaging spectroscopy. The infrared reflectivity image on the sample surface revealed that the metallic (or superconducting) and insulating phases coexist and they have different magnetic field dependences. One of the magnetic field dependence is SIMT that appeared on part of the sample surface. The SIMT was concluded to originate from the balance of the inhomogenity in the sample itself and the disorder of the ethylene end groups resulting from fast cooling.
Influence of internal disorder on the superconducting state in the organic layered superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br  [PDF]
M. Pinteric,S. Tomic,M. Prester,D. Drobac,K. Maki
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.66.174521
Abstract: We report high-sensitivity AC susceptibility measurements of the penetration depth in the Meissner state of the layered organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br. We have studied nominally pure single crystals from the two different syntheses and employed controlled cooling procedures in order to minimize intrinsic remnant disorder at low temperatures associated with the glass transition, caused by ordering of the ethylene moieties in BEDT-TTF molecule at T_G = 75 K. We find that the optimal cooling procedures (slow cooling of -0.2 K/h or annealing for 3 days in the region of T_G) needed to establish the ground state, depend critically on the sample origin indicating different relaxation times of terminal ethylene groups. We show that, in the ground state, the behavior observed for nominally pure single crystals from both syntheses is consistent with unconventional d-wave order parameter. The in-plane penetration depth lambda_in(T) is strongly linear, whereas the out-of-plane component lambda_out(T) varies as T^2. In contrast, the behavior of single crystals with long relaxation times observed after slow (-0.2 K/h) cooling is as expected for a d-wave superconductor with impurities (i.e. lambda_in(T) propto lambda_out(T) propto T^2) or might be also reasonably well described by the s-wave model. Our results might reconcile the contradictory findings previously reported by different authors.
Disorder Effect on the Vortex Pinning by the Cooling Process Control in the Organic Superconductor $κ$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2$Cu[N(CN)$_2$]Br  [PDF]
N. Yoneyama,T. Sasaki,T. Nishizaki,N. Kobayashi
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.73.184
Abstract: We investigate the influence of disorders in terminal ethylene groups of BEDT-TTF molecules (ethylene-disorders) on the vortex pinning of the organic superconductor $\kappa$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2$Cu[N(CN)$_2$]Br. Magnetization measurements are performed under different cooling-processes. The second peak in the magnetization hysteresis curve is observed for all samples studied, and the hysteresis width of the magnetization becomes narrower by cooling faster. In contradiction to the simple pinning effect of disorder, this result shows the suppression of the vortex pinning force by introducing more ethylene-disorders. The ethylene-disorder domain model is proposed for explaining the observed result. In the case of the system containing a moderate number of the ethylene-disorders, the disordered molecules form a domain structure and it works as an effective pinning site. On the contrary, an excess number of the ethylene-disorders may weaken the effect of the domain structure, which results in the less effective pinning force on the vortices.
kappa-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2]Br: a Fully Gapped Strong-Coupling Superconductor  [PDF]
H. Elsinger,J. Wosnitza,S. Wanka,J. Hagel,D. Schweitzer,W. Strunz
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.6098
Abstract: High-resolution specific-heat measurements of the organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2]Br in the superconducting (B = 0) and normal (B = 14 T) state show a clearly resolvable anomaly at Tc = 11.5 K and an electronic contribution, Ces, which can be reasonably well described by strong-coupling BCS theory. Most importantly, Ces vanishes exponentially in the superconducting state which gives evidence for a fully gapped order parameter.
Magnetic Transformations in the Organic Conductor kappa-(BETS)2Mn[N(CN)2]3 at the Metal-Insulator Transition  [PDF]
O. M. Vyaselev,M. V. Kartsovnik,W. Biberacher,L. V. Zorina,N. D. Kushch,E. B. Yagubskii
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.094425
Abstract: A complex study of magnetic properties including dc magnetization, 1H NMR and magnetic torque measurements has been performed for the organic conductor kappa-(BETS)2Mn[N(CN)2]3 which undergoes a metal-insulator transition at T_MI~25K. NMR and the magnetization data indicate a transition in the manganese subsystem from paramagnetic to a frozen state at T_MI, which is, however, not a simple Neel type order. Further, a magnetic field induced transition resembling a spin flop has been detected in the torque measurements at temperatures below T_MI. This transition is most likely related to the spins of pi-electrons localized on the organic molecules BETS and coupled with the manganese 3d spins via exchange interaction.
Phase separation in the vicinity of the surface of $κ$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2$Cu[N(CN)$_2$]Br by fast cooling  [PDF]
N. Yoneyama,T. Sasaki,N. Kobayashi,Y. Ikemoto,H. Kimura
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.214519
Abstract: Partial suppression of superconductivity by fast cooling has been observed in the organic superconductor $\kappa$-(BEDT-TTF)$_2$Cu[N(CN)$_2$]Br by two means: a marked sample size effect on the magnetic susceptibility and direct imaging of insulating regions by scanning microregion infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Macroscopic insulating regions are found in the vicinity of the crystalline surface after fast cooling, with diameters of 50--100 $\mu$m and depths of a few $\mu$m. The very large in-plane penetration depth reported to date ($\sim$ 24--100 $\mu$m) can be explained by the existence of the insulating regions.
Superconductivity and fluctuating magnetism in quasi two-dimensional kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br probed with implanted muons  [PDF]
T. Lancaster,S. J. Blundell,F. L. Pratt,J. A. Schlueter
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.024504
Abstract: A muon-spin relaxation (muSR) investigation is presented for the molecular superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2Br]. Evidence is found for low-temperature phase-separation, with only a fraction of the sample showing a superconducting signal, even for slow cooling. Rapid cooling reduces the superconducting fraction still further. For the superconducting phase, the in-plane penetration depth is measured to be lambda_{parallel} = 0.47(1) mu m and evidence is seen for a vortex decoupling transition in applied fields above 40 mT. The magnetic fluctuations in the normal state produce Korringa behavior of the muon spin relaxation rate below 100 K, a precipitous drop in relaxation rate is seen at higher temperatures and an enhanced local spin susceptibility occurs just above T_c.
Absence of charge order in the dimerized κ-phase BEDT-TTF salts  [PDF]
Katrin Sedlmeier,Sebastian Elsasser,Rebecca Beyer,Dan Wu,Tomislav Ivek,Silvia Tomic,John A. Schlueter,Martin Dressel
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.245103
Abstract: Utilizing infrared vibrational spectroscopy we have investigated dimerized two-dimensional organic salts in order to search for possible charge redistribution that might cause electronic dipoles and ferroelectricity: the quantum spin liquid \kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2(CN)3, the antiferromagnetic Mott insulator \kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2$Cu[N(CN)2]Cl, and the superconductor \kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2$Cu[N(CN)2]Br. None of them exhibit any indication of charge disproportionation upon cooling down to low temperatures. No modification in the charge distribution is observed around T = 6 K where a low-temperature anomaly has been reported for the spin-liquid \kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2$Cu2(CN)3. In this compound the in-plane optical response and vibrational coupling are rather anisotropic, indicating that the tilt of the BEDT-TTF molecules in c-direction and their coupling to the anion layers has to be considered in the explanation of the electromagnetic properties.
Spin diffusion and magnetic eigenoscillations confined to single molecular layers in the organic conductors kappa-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2X (X=Cl, Br)  [PDF]
Agnes Antal,Titusz Feher,Andras Janossy,Erzsebet Tatrai-Szekeres,Ferenc Fulop
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.086404
Abstract: The layered organic compounds, kappa-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2X (X=Cl, Br) are metals at ambient temperatures. At low temperatures, the Cl compound is a weakly ferromagnetic Mott insulator while the isostructural Br compound is a superconductor. We find by conduction electron spin resonance (CESR) and antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) an extreme anisotropy of spin transport and magnetic interactions in these materials. In the metallic state spin diffusion is confined to single molecular layers within the spin lifetime of 10^-9 s. Electrons diffuse several hundreds of nm without hopping to the next molecular layer. In the magnetically ordered insulating phase of the Cl compound we observe and calculate the four AFMR modes of the weakly coupled single molecular layers. The inter-plane exchange field is comparable or less than the typically 1 mT dipolar field and almost 10^6 times less than the intra-layer exchange field.
Resistivity studies under hydrostatic pressure on a low-resistance variant of the quasi-2D organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br: quest for intrinsic scattering contributions  [PDF]
C. Strack,C. Akinci,B. Wolf,M. Lang,J. A. Schlueter,J. Wosnitza,D. Schweitzer,J. Mueller
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.054511
Abstract: Resistivity measurements have been performed on a low (LR)- and high (HR)-resistance variant of the kappa-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2]Br superconductor. While the HR sample was synthesized following the standard procedure, the LR crystal is a result of a somewhat modified synthesis route. According to their residual resistivities and residual resistivity ratios, the LR crystal is of distinctly superior quality. He-gas pressure was used to study the effect of hydrostatic pressure on the different transport regimes for both variants. The main results of these comparative investigations are (i) a significant part of the inelastic-scattering contribution, which causes the anomalous rho(T) maximum in standard HR crystals around 90 K, is sample dependent, i.e. extrinsic in nature, (ii) the abrupt change in rho(T) at T* approx. 40 K from a strongly temperature-dependent behavior at T > T* to an only weakly T-dependent rho(T) at T < T* is unaffected by this scattering contribution and thus marks an independent property, most likely a second-order phase transition, (iii) both variants reveal a rho(T) proportional to AT^2 dependence at low temperatures, i.e. for T_c < T < T_0, although with strongly sample-dependent coefficients A and upper bounds for the T^2 behavior measured by T_0. The latter result is inconsistent with the T^2 dependence originating from coherent Fermi-liquid excitations.
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