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On Close Relationship between Classical Time-Dependent Harmonic Oscillator and Non-Relativistic Quantum Mechanics in One Dimension  [PDF]
Alexander Davydov
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s10773-010-0654-1
Abstract: In this paper, I present a mapping between representation of some quantum phenomena in one dimension and behavior of a classical time-dependent harmonic oscillator. For the first time, it is demonstrated that quantum tunneling can be described in terms of classical physics without invoking violations of the energy conservation law at any time instance. A formula is presented that generates a wide class of potential barrier shapes with the desirable reflection (transmission) coefficient and transmission phase shift along with the corresponding exact solutions of the time-independent Schr\"odinger's equation. These results, with support from numerical simulations, strongly suggest that two uncoupled classical harmonic oscillators, which initially have a 90\degree relative phase shift and then are simultaneously disturbed by the same parametric perturbation of a finite duration, manifest behavior which can be mapped to that of a single quantum particle, with classical 'range relations' analogous to the uncertainty relations of quantum physics.
From physical principles to relativistic classical Hamiltonian and Lagrangian particle mechanics  [PDF]
Gabriele Carcassi
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We show that classical particle mechanics (Hamiltonian and Lagrangian consistent with relativistic electromagnetism) can be derived from three fundamental assumptions: infinite reducibility, deterministic and reversible evolution, and kinematic equivalence. The core idea is that deterministic and reversible systems preserve the cardinality of a set of states, which puts considerable constraints on the equations of motion. This perspective links different concepts from different branches of math and physics (e.g. cardinality of a set, cotangent bundle for phase space, Hamiltonian flow, locally Minkowskian space-time manifold), providing new insights. The derivation strives to use definitions and mathematical concepts compatible with future extensions to field theories and quantum mechanics.
A uniform description of electromagnetism and wave mechanics  [PDF]
Engel Roza
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: The paper shows the relationship between the major wave equations in quantum mechanics and electromagnetism, such as Schroedinger's equation, Dirac's equation and the Maxwell equations. It is shown that they can be derived in a striking simple way from a common root. This root is the relativistic fourvector formulation of the momentum conservation law. This is shown to be a more attractive starting-point than Einstein's energy relationship for moving particles, which is commonly used for the purpose. The theory developed gives a new interpretation for the origin of antiparticles.
A Note On Galilean Invariants In Semi-Relativistic Electromagnetism  [PDF]
Yintao Song
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The incompatibility between the Lorentz invariance of classical electromagnetism and the Galilean invariance of continuum mechanics is one of the major barriers to prevent two theories from merging. In this note, a systematic approach of obtaining Galilean invariant ?eld variables and equations of electromagnetism within the semi-relativistic limit is reviewed and extended. In particular, the Galilean invariant forms of Poynting's theorem and the momentum identity, two most important electromagnetic identities in the thermomechanical theory of continua, are presented. In this note, we also introduce two frequently used stronger limits, namely the magnetic and the electric limit. The reduction of Galilean invariant variables and equations within these stronger limits are discussed.
Classical mechanics of relativistic isospin particle  [PDF]
A. Duviryak
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: Classical description of relativistic pointlike particle with intrinsic degrees of freedom such as isospin or colour is proposed. It is based on the Lagrangian of general form defined on the tangent bundle over a principal fibre bundle. It is shown that the dynamics splits into the external dynamics which describes the interaction of particle with gauge field in terms of Wong equations, and the internal dynamics which results in a spatial motion of particle via integrals of motion only. A relevant Hamiltonian description is built too.
Time and probability: From classical mechanics to relativistic Bohmian mechanics  [PDF]
H. Nikolic
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Bohmian mechanics can be generalized to a relativistic theory without preferred foliation, with a price of introducing a puzzling concept of spacetime probability conserved in a scalar time. We explain how analogous concept appears naturally in classical statistical mechanics of relativistic particles, with scalar time being identified with the proper time along particle trajectories. The conceptual understanding of relativistic Bohmian mechanics is significantly enriched by this classical insight. In particular, the analogy between classical and Bohmian mechanics suggests the interpretation of Bohmian scalar time as a quantum proper time different from the classical one, the two being related by a nonlocal scale factor calculated from the wave function. In many cases of practical interest, including the macroscopic measuring apparatus, the fundamental spacetime probability explains the more familiar space probability as an emergent approximate description. Requiring that the quantum proper time in the classical limit should reduce to the classical proper time, we propose that only massive particles have Bohmian trajectories. An analysis of the macroscopic measuring apparatus made up of massive particles restores agreement with the predictions of standard quantum theory.
Time and the Evolution of States in Relativistic Classical and Quantum Mechanics  [PDF]
Lawrence P. Horwitz
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: A consistent classical and quantum relativistic mechanics can be constructed if Einstein's covariant time is considered as a dynamical variable. The evolution of a system is then parametrized by a universal invariant identified with Newton's time. This theory, originating in the work of Stueckelberg in 1941, contains many questions of interpretation, reaching deeply into the notions of time, localizability, and causality. Some of the basic ideas are discussed here, and as an example, the solution of the two body problem with invariant action-at-a-distance potential is given. A proper generalization of the Maxwell theory of electromagnetic interaction, implied by the Stueckelberg-Schr\"odinger dynamical evolution equation and its physical implications are also discussed. It is also shown that a similar construction occurs, applying similar ideas, in the theory of gravitation.
Blackbody Radiation, Conformal Symmetry, and the Mismatch Between Classical Mechanics and Electromagnetism  [PDF]
Timothy H. Boyer
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/38/8/015
Abstract: The blackbody radiation problem within classical physics is reviewed. It is again suggested that conformal symmetry is the crucial unrecognized aspect, and that only scattering by classical electromagnetic systems will provide equilibrium at the Planck spectrum. It is pointed out that the several calculations of radiation scattering using nonlinear mechanical systems do not preserve the Boltzmann distribution under adiabatic change of parameter, and this fact seems at variance with our expectations in connection with derivations of Wien's displacement theorem. By contrast, the striking properties of charged particle motion in a Coulomb potential or in a uniform magnetic field suggest the possiblity that these systems will fit with classical thermal radiation. It may be possible to give a full scattering calculation in the case of cyclotron motion in order to provide the needed test of the connection between conformal symmetry and classical thermal radiation.
Classical and Quantum Mechanics of Free \k Relativistic Systems  [PDF]
J. Lukierski,H. Ruegg,W. J. Zakrzewski
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1006/aphy.1995.1092
Abstract: We consider the Hamiltonian and Lagrangian formalism describing free \k-relativistic particles with their four-momenta constrained to the \k-deformed mass shell. We study the modifications of the formalism which follow from the introduction of space coordinates with nonvanishing Poisson brackets and from the redefinitions of the energy operator. The quantum mechanics of free \k-relativistic particles and of the free \k-relativistic oscillator is also presented. It is shown that the \k-relativistic oscillator describes a quantum statistical ensemble with finite Hagedorn temperature. The relation to a \k-deformed Schr\"odinger quantum mechanics in which the time derivative is replaced by a finite difference derivative is also discussed.
Relationship Between Quantum Walk and Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  [PDF]
C. M. Chandrashekar,Subhashish Banerjee,R. Srikanth
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.062340
Abstract: Quantum walk models have been used as an algorithmic tool for quantum computation and to describe various physical processes. This paper revisits the relationship between relativistic quantum mechanics and the quantum walks. We show the similarities of the mathematical structure of the decoupled and coupled form of the discrete-time quantum walk to that of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, respectively. In the latter case, the coin emerges as an analog of the spinor degree of freedom. Discrete-time quantum walk as a coupled form of the continuous-time quantum walk is also shown by transforming the decoupled form of the discrete-time quantum walk to the Schrodinger form. By showing the coin to be a means to make the walk reversible, and that the Dirac-like structure is a consequence of the coin use, our work suggests that the relativistic causal structure is a consequence of conservation of information. However, decoherence (modelled by projective measurements on position space) generates entropy that increases with time, making the walk irreversible and thereby producing an arrow of time. Lieb-Robinson bound is used to highlight the causal structure of the quantum walk to put in perspective the relativistic structure of quantum walk, maximum speed of the walk propagation and the earlier findings related to the finite spread of the walk probability distribution. We also present a two-dimensional quantum walk model on a two state system to which the study can be extended.
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