Abstract:
A new equation, rooted in the theory of Brownian motion, is proposed for describing heat conduction by phonons. Though a finite speed of propagation is a built-in feature of the equation, it does not give rise to an inauthentic wave front that results from the application of the hyperbolic heat equation (of Cattaneo). Even a simplified, analytically tractable version of the equation yields results close to those found by solving, through more elaborate means, the equation of phonon radiative transfer. An explanation is given as to why both Brownian motion and its inverse (radiative transfer) provide equally serviceable paradigms for phonon-mediated heat conduction.

Abstract:
The scale effect of heat conduction of air in nano spacing (NS) is very important for nanodevices to improve their life and efficiency. By constructing a special technique, the changes of heat conduction of air were studied by means of measuring the heat conduction with heat conduction instrument in NS between the hot plate and the cooling plate. Carbon nanotubes were used to produce the nano spacing. The results show that when the spacing is small down to nanometer scale, heat conduction plays a prominent role in NS. It was found that the thickness of air is a non-linear parameter for demarcating the heat conduction of air in NS and the rate of heat conduction in unit area could be regard as a typical parameter for the heat conduction characterization at nanometer scale.

Abstract:
The heat conduction behaviour in a nanofluid fluid medium has many abnormal properties. Combined with the analysis based on microscale heat transfer theory and the physicochemical behaviours of nanofluid, the mechanism of heat conduction in nanofluid has been studied. The effects of nonlinear heat transfer in nanoparticle, micro convection are caused by the Brownian movement of nanoparticles, congregation of nanoparticles, and orderly array of liquid molecules at the interface between the nanoparticle surface and the base fluid.

Abstract:
The paper considers heat conduction in a model chain of composite particles with hard core and elastic external shell. Such model mimics three main features of realistic interatomic potentials - hard repulsive core, quasilinear behavior in a ground state and possibility of dissociation. It has become clear recently, that this latter feature has crucial effect on convergence of the heat conduction coefficient in thermodynamic limit. We demonstrate that in one-dimensional chain of elastic particles with hard core the heat conduction coefficient also converges, as one could expect. Then we explore effect of dimensionality on the heat transport in this model. For this sake, longitudinal and transversal motions of the particles are allowed in a long narrow channel. With varying width of the channel, we observe sharp transition from "one-dimensional" to "two-dimensional" behavior. Namely, the heat conduction coefficient drops by about order of magnitude for relatively small widening of the channel. This transition is not unique for the considered system. Similar phenomenon of transition to quasi-1D behavior with growth of aspect ratio of the channel is observed also in a gas of densely packed hard (billiard) particles, both for two- and three-dimensional cases. It is the case despite the fact that the character of transition in these two systems is not similar, due to different convergence properties of the heat conductivity. In the billiard model, the divergence of the heat conduction coefficient smoothly changes from logarithmic to power-like law with increase of the length.

Abstract:
We define a deterministic ``scattering'' model for heat conduction which is continuous in space, and which has a Boltzmann type flavor, obtained by a closure based on memory loss between collisions. We prove that this model has, for stochastic driving forces at the boundary, close to Maxwellians, a unique non-equilibrium steady state.

Abstract:
This paper discusses mathematical and physical fundamentals of heat conduction in anisotropic media dealing with Fourier's constitutive law, symmetry of conductivity tensor, mutual geometrical relations between heat flux vector and temperature gradient directions as wel l as the thermal contact resistance in anisotropic bodies. I t presents heat conduction differential equation with an appropriate coordinate axis transformation enabling to transform anisotropic problems to isotropic ones. It gives also a short survey of the experimental methods used to determine the conductivity tensor components together with the analytica l and numerical methods applied for finding solutions of anisotropic heat conduction problems.

Abstract:
We consider several heat conduction problems for glass lenses with different boundary conditions. The problems dealt with in Sections sec:1 to sec:3 are motivated by the problem of an airborne digital camera that is initially too cold and must be heated up to reach the required image quality. The problem is how to distribute the heat to the different lenses in the system in order to reach acceptable operating conditions as quickly as possible. The problem of Section sec:4 concerns a space borne laser altimeter for planetary exploration. Will a coating used to absorb unwanted parts of the solar spectrum lead to unacceptable heating? In this paper, we present analytic solutions for idealized cases that help in understanding the essence of the problems qualitatively and quantitatively, without having to resort to finite element computations. The use of dimensionless quantities greatly simplifies the picture by reducing the number of relevant parameters. The methods used are classical: elementary real analysis and special functions. However, the boundary conditions dictated by our applications are not usually considered in classical works on the heat equation, so that the analytic solutions given here seem to be new. We will also show how energy conservation leads to interesting sum formulae in connection with Bessel functions. The other side of the story, to determine the deterioration of image quality by given (inhomogeneous) temperature distributions in the optical system, is not dealt with here.

Abstract:
Thermal transport at short length and time scales inherently constitutes a nonlocal relation between heat flux and temperature gradient, but this is rarely addressed explicitly. Here, we present a formalism that enables detailed characterisation of the delocalisation effects in nondiffusive heat flow regimes. A convolution kernel $\kappa^{\ast}$, which we term the nonlocal thermal conductivity, fully embodies the spatiotemporal memory of the heat flux with respect to the temperature gradient. Under the relaxation time approximation, the Boltzmann transport equation formally obeys the postulated constitutive law and yields a generic expression for $\kappa^{\ast}$ in terms of the microscopic phonon properties. Subsequent synergy with stochastic frameworks captures the essential transport physics in compact models with easy to understand parameters. A fully analytical solution for $\kappa^{\ast}(x')$ in tempered L\'evy transport with fractal dimension $\alpha$ and diffusive recovery length $x_{\text{R}}$ reveals that nonlocality is physically important over distances $\sqrt{2-\alpha} \,\,x_{\text{R}}$. This is not only relevant to quasiballistic heat conduction in semiconductor alloys but also applies to similar dynamics observed in other disciplines including hydrology and chemistry. We also discuss how the previously introduced effective thermal conductivity $\kappa_{\text{eff}}$ inferred phenomenologically by transient thermal grating and time domain thermoreflectance measurements relates to $\kappa^{\ast}$. Whereas effective conductivities depend on the experimental conditions, the nonlocal thermal conductivity forms an intrinsic material property. Experimental results indicate nonlocality lengths of 400$\,$nm in Si membranes and $\simeq 1\,\mu$m in InGaAs and SiGe, in good agreement with typical median phonon mean free paths.

Abstract:
We consider the identification of nonlinear heat conduction laws in stationary and instationary heat transfer problems. Only a single additional measurement of the temperature on a curve on the boundary is required to determine the unknown parameter function on the range of observed temperatures. We first present a new proof of Cannon's uniqueness result for the stationary case, then derive a corresponding stability estimate, and finally extend our argument to instationary problems.

Abstract:
In this paper we give a brief review of the relation between microscopic dynamical properties and the Fourier law of heat conduction as well as the connection between anomalous conduction and anomalous diffusion. We then discuss the possibility to control the heat flow.