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A novel approach to background reduction in double beta decay experiments  [PDF]
T. Tabarelli de Fatis
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Active background reduction in high resolution calorimeters is a promising approach to achieve ultimate sensitivity in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. We propose Cerenkov emission from beta rays in bolometric crystals as a viable alternative to scintillation. This novel approach could broaden the range of materials of interest for calorimetric searches of the double beta decay. We discuss the optical properties of TeO$_2$ crystals, as a show case.
Neutron Inelastic Scattering Processes as Background for Double-Beta Decay Experiments  [PDF]
D. -M. Mei,S. R. Elliott,A. Hime,V. Gehman,K. Kazkaz
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.77.054614
Abstract: We investigate several Pb$(n,n'\gamma$) and Ge$(n,n'\gamma$) reactions. We measure $\gamma$-ray production from Pb$(n,n'\gamma$) reactions that can be a significant background for double-beta decay experiments which use lead as a massive inner shield. Particularly worrisome for Ge-based double-beta decay experiments are the 2041-keV and 3062-keV $\gamma$ rays produced via Pb$(n,n'\gamma$). The former is very close to the ^{76}Ge double-beta decay endpoint energy and the latter has a double escape peak energy near the endpoint. Excitation $\gamma$-ray lines from Ge$(n,n'\gamma$) reactions are also observed. We consider the contribution of such backgrounds and their impact on the sensitivity of next-generation searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay using enriched germanium detectors.
Double beta decay experiments  [PDF]
A. S. Barabash
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/1/07/P07002
Abstract: The present status of double beta decay experiments are reviewed. The results of the most sensitive experiments, NEMO-3 and CUORICINO, are discussed. Proposals for future double beta decay experiments are considered. In these experiments sensitivity for the effective neutrino mass will be on the level of (0.1-0.01) eV.
Double beta decay experiments  [PDF]
A. S. Barabash
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1134/S1063779611040022
Abstract: The present status of double beta decay experiments is reviewed. The results of the most sensitive experiments are discussed. Proposals for future double beta decay experiments with a sensitivity to the $< m_{\nu} >$ at the level of (0.01--0.1) eV are considered.
Background reduction and sensitivity for germanium double beta decay experiments  [PDF]
H. Gómez,S. Cebrián,J. Morales,J. A. Villar
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.08.008
Abstract: Germanium detectors have very good capabilities for the investigation of rare phenomena like the neutrinoless double beta decay. Rejection of the background entangling the expected signal is one primary goal in this kind of experiments. Here, the attainable background reduction in the energy region where the neutrinoless double beta decay signal of 76Ge is expected to appear has been evaluated for experiments using germanium detectors, taking into consideration different strategies like the granularity of the detector system, the segmentation of each individual germanium detector and the application of Pulse Shape Analysis techniques to discriminate signal from background events. Detection efficiency to the signal is affected by background rejection techniques, and therefore it has been estimated for each of the background rejection scenarios considered. Finally, conditions regarding crystal mass, radiopurity, exposure to cosmic rays, shielding and rejection capabilities are discussed with the aim to achieve a background level of 10-3 c keV-1 kg-1 y-1 in the region of interest, which would allow to explore neutrino effective masses around 40 meV.
Double beta decay experiments: past and present achievements  [PDF]
Alexander Barabash
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: A brief history of double beta decay experiments is presented. The best currently running experiments (NEMO-3 and CUORICINO) and their latest results are described. The best measurements and limits for the $2\nu\beta\beta$, $0\nu\beta\beta$ and $0\nu\chi^{0}\beta\beta$ are summarized.
Possible Evidence of Time Variation of Weak Interaction Constant from Double Beta Decay Experiments  [PDF]
A. S. Barabash
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1023/A:1022534919165
Abstract: A comparison is made of the probability of the process of two neutrino double beta decay for $^{82}$Se in direct (counter) and geochemical experiments. It is shown that the probability is systematically lower in geochemical experiments, which characterize the probability of $\beta\beta(2\nu)$ decay a few billions years ago. The experimental data for $^{130}$Te are also analyzed. It is shown that geochemical measurements on young minerals give lower values of $T_{1/2}$ ($^{130}$Te) and $T_{1/2}$ ($^{82}$Se) as compared to measurements on old minerals. It is proposed that this could be due to a change in the weak interaction constant with time. Possibilities of new, precise measurements be performed with the aid of counters and geochemical experiments are discussed.
Double beta decay: experiments and theory review  [PDF]
A. Nucciotti
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most powerful tools to set the neutrino mass absolute scale and establish whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle. After a summary of the neutrinoless double beta decay phenomenology, the present status of the experimental search for this rare decay is reported and the prospects for next generation experiments are reviewed.
Review on Double Beta Decay Experiments and Comparison with Theory  [PDF]
Angel Morales
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(99)00440-5
Abstract: The current situation of the double beta decay direct counting experiments is briefly reviewed. A comparison with the theoretical predictions in some representative nuclear models is presented.
Pulse shape analysis in segmented detectors as a technique for background reduction in Ge double-beta decay experiments  [PDF]
S. R. Elliott,V. M. Gehman,K. Kazkaz,D-M. Mei,A. R. Young
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.12.024
Abstract: The need to understand and reject backgrounds in Ge-diode detector double-beta decay experiments has given rise to the development of pulse shape analysis in such detectors to discern single-site energy deposits from multiple-site deposits. Here, we extend this analysis to segmented Ge detectors to study the effectiveness of combining segmentation with pulse shape analysis to identify the multiplicity of the energy deposits.
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