Abstract:
We present a q-difference realization of the quantum superalgebra U_q(sl(M|N)), which includes Grassmann even and odd coordinates and their derivatives. Based on this result we obtain a free boson realization of the quantum affine superalgebra U_q(\widehat{sl}(2|1)) of an arbitrary level k.

Abstract:
We give the Heisenberg realization for the quantum algebra $U_q(sl_n)$, which is written by the $q$-difference operator on the flag manifold. We construct it from the action of $U_q(sl_n)$ on the $q$-symmetric algebra $A_q(Mat_n)$ by the Borel-Weil like approach. Our realization is applicable to the construction of the free field realization for the $U_q(\widehat{sl_n})$ [AOS].

Abstract:
We construct a realization of the quantum affine algebra $U_q(\widehat{sl_N})$ of an arbitrary level $k$ in terms of free boson fields. In the $q\!\rightarrow\! 1$ limit this realization becomes the Wakimoto realization of $\widehat{sl_N}$. The screening currents and the vertex operators(primary fields) are also constructed; the former commutes with $U_q(\widehat{sl_N})$ modulo total difference, and the latter creates the $U_q(\widehat{sl_N})$ highest weight state from the vacuum state of the boson Fock space.

Abstract:
We realize the $U_q(\widehat{sl(2)})$ current algebra at arbitrary level in terms of one deformed free bosonic field and a pair of deformed parafermionic fields. It is shown that the operator product expansions of these parafermionic fields involve an infinite number of simple poles and simple zeros, which then condensate to form a branch cut in the classical limit $q\rightarrow 1$. Our realization coincides with those of Frenkel-Jing and Bernard when the level $k$ takes the values 1 and 2 respectively.

Abstract:
We construct a bosonization of the quantum superalgebra $U_q(\hat{sl}(N|1))$ for an arbitrary level $k$. We construct the screening that commutes with the quantum superalgebra for an arbitrary level $k \neq -N+1$. We propose a bosonization of the vertex operator that gives the intertwiner among the Wakimoto realization and the typical representation.

Abstract:
A new approach to the theory of polynomial solutions of q - difference equations is proposed. The approach is based on the representation theory of simple Lie algebras and their q - deformations and is presented here for U_q(sl(n)). First a q - difference realization of U_q(sl(n)) in terms of n(n-1)/2 commuting variables and depending on n-1 complex representation parameters r_i, is constructed. From this realization lowest weight modules (LWM) are obtained which are studied in detail for the case n=3 (the well known n=2 case is also recovered). All reducible LWM are found and the polynomial bases of their invariant irreducible subrepresentations are explicitly given. This also gives a classification of the quasi-exactly solvable operators in the present setting. The invariant subspaces are obtained as solutions of certain invariant q - difference equations, i.e., these are kernels of invariant q - difference operators, which are also explicitly given. Such operators were not used until now in the theory of polynomial solutions. Finally the states in all subrepresentations are depicted graphically via the so called Newton diagrams.

Abstract:
We give bosonizations of the superalgebras $U_q(\hat{sl}(N|1))$ and $U_{q,p}(\hat{sl}(N|1))$ for an arbitrary level $k \in {\bf C}$. We introduce the submodule by the $\xi$-$\eta$ system, that we call the $q$-Wakimoto realization.

Abstract:
We give a bosonization of the quantum affine superalgebra $U_q(\widehat{sl}(N|1))$ for an arbitrary level $k \in {\bf C}$. The bosonization of level $k \in {\bf C}$ is completely different from those of level $k=1$. From this bosonization, we induce the Wakimoto realization whose character coincides with those of the Verma module. We give the screening that commute with $U_q(\widehat{sl}(N|1))$. Using this screening, we propose the vertex operator that is the intertwiner among the Wakimoto realization and typical realization. We study non-vanishing property of the correlation function defined by a trace of the vertex operators.

Abstract:
A class of second order difference (discrete) operators with a partial algebraization of the spectrum is introduced. The eigenfuncions of the algebraized part of the spectrum are polinomials (discrete polinomials). Such difference operators can be constructed by means of $U_q(sl_2)$, the quantum deformation of the $sl_2$ algebra. The roots of polinomials determine the spectrum and obey the Bethe Ansatz equations. A particular case of difference equations for $q$-hypergeometric and Askey-Wilson polinomials is discussed. Applications to the problem of Bloch electrons in magnetic field are outlined. {abstract}