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Dynamical symmetry breaking with mirror fermions  [PDF]
George Triantaphyllou
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: Mirror fermions with masses around the weak scale could break dynamically the electroweak symmetry if they were coupled with a new strong interaction. The purpose of this talk is to show what sort of dynamics are needed in order to render such theories phenomenologically viable.
Grand unification for mirror fermions  [PDF]
F. Csikor,I. Montvay
Physics , 1994, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90215-1
Abstract: The possibility of grand unification of the standard model (SM) with fermion spectrum extended to include mirror fermions is examined. SM gauge couplings do not automatically unify. SO(10) grand unification is studied with one intermediate scale. Renormalization group equations (RGE) for fermion Yukawa couplings and the scalar self-coupling are studied numerically at one and two loop level. Strong restrictions for mirror fermion masses are obtained assuming perturbative unification. Mirror masses much smaller than the tree unitarity bounds are required. In particular mirror leptons have to be around 50 GeV. Consistency of the mirror fermion model with LEP precision data is established. A direct search for single production of mirror neutrinos at LEP could exclude or confirm the GUT version of the mirror fermion model.
Mirror fermions and the hierarchy problem  [PDF]
George Triantaphyllou
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: The introduction of strongly-interacting mirror fermions with masses between the weak scale and 1 TeV could offer a viable alternative to the Higgs mechanism. The framework provided solves the hierarchy problem naturally and predicts a rich phenomenology for present and future experiments.
Strategy towards Mirror-fermion Signatures  [PDF]
George Triantaphyllou
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X00000124
Abstract: The existence of mirror fermions interacting strongly under a new gauge group and having masses near the electroweak scale has been recently proposed as a viable alternative to the standard-model Higgs mechanism. The main purpose of this work is to investigate which specific experimental signals are needed to clearly differentiate the mirror-fermion model from other new-physics models. In particular, the case is made for a future large lepton collider with c.o.m. energies of roughly 4 TeV or higher.
Lattice chirality and the decoupling of mirror fermions  [PDF]
Erich Poppitz,Yanwen Shang
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2007/08/081
Abstract: We show, using exact lattice chirality, that partition functions of lattice gauge theories with vectorlike fermion representations can be split into "light" and "mirror" parts, such that the "light" and "mirror" representations are chiral. The splitting of the full partition function into "light" and "mirror" is well defined only if the two sectors are separately anomaly free. We show that only then is the generating functional, and hence the spectrum, of the mirror theory a smooth function of the gauge field background. This explains how ideas to use additional non-gauge, high-scale mirror-sector dynamics to decouple the mirror fermions without breaking the gauge symmetry--for example, in symmetric phases at strong mirror Yukawa coupling--are forced to respect the anomaly-free condition when combined with the exact lattice chiral symmetry. Our results also explain a paradox posed by a recent numerical study of the mirror-fermion spectrum in a toy would-be-anomalous two-dimensional theory. In passing, we prove some general properties of the partition functions of arbitrary chiral theories on the lattice that should be of interest for further studies in this field.
Electroweak radiative corrections to e+e- --> WW --> 4fermions in double-pole approximation -- the RACOONWW approach  [PDF]
A. Denner,S. Dittmaier,M. Roth,D. Wackeroth
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(00)00511-3
Abstract: We calculate the complete O(alpha) electroweak radiative corrections to e+e- --> WW --> 4f in the electroweak Standard Model in the double-pole approximation. We give analytical results for the non-factorizable virtual corrections and express the factorizable virtual corrections in terms of the known corrections to on-shell W-pair production and W decay. The calculation of the bremsstrahlung corrections, i.e. the processes e+e- --> 4f+gamma in lowest order, is based on the full matrix elements. The matching of soft and collinear singularities between virtual and real corrections is done alternatively in two different ways, namely by using a subtraction method and by applying phase-space slicing. The O(alpha) corrections as well as higher-order initial-state photon radiation are implemented in the Monte Carlo generator RACOONWW. Numerical results of this program are presented for the W-pair-production cross section, angular and W-invariant-mass distributions at LEP2. We also discuss the intrinsic theoretical uncertainty of our approach.
On the decoupling of mirror fermions  [PDF]
Joel Giedt,Chen Chen,Erich Poppitz
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We study an approach to chiral gauge theories on the lattice that involves decoupling "mirror" fermions from a vector-like theory. We have computed the polarization tensor in the "3-4-5" theory and find a directional discontinuity that appears to be nonzero in the continuum limit. This strongly suggests that the mirror fermions do not decouple.
Leptoquarks and vector-like strong interactions at the TeV scale  [PDF]
I. Montvay
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)00720-X
Abstract: In a vector-like extension of the minimal standard model with mirror fermions leptoquarks can be bound states of fermion-mirror-fermion pairs held together by a new strong interaction at the TeV scale. The small couplings of leptoquarks to light fermion pairs arise due to mixing. The large $Q^2$ event excess at HERA and also the high $E_T$ jet excess at Tevatron can potentially be explained.
A Search for Excited Fermions at HERA  [PDF]
H1 Collaboration,C. Adloff
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/s100520000503
Abstract: A search for excited fermions f^* of the first generation in e^+p scattering at the collider HERA is presented using H1 data with an integrated luminosity of 37 pb^(-1). All electroweak decays of excited fermions, f^* -> f gamma, f W, f Z are considered and all possible final states resulting from the Z or W hadronic decays or decays into leptons of the first two generations are taken into account. No evidence for f^* production is found. Mass dependent exclusion limits on cross-sections and on the ratio of coupling constants to the compositeness scale are derived.
On the decoupling of mirror fermions  [PDF]
Chen Chen,Joel Giedt,Erich Poppitz
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP04(2013)131
Abstract: An approach to the formulation of chiral gauge theories on the lattice is to start with a vector-like theory, but decouple one chirality (the "mirror" fermions) using strong Yukawa interactions with a chirally coupled "Higgs" field. While this is an attractive idea, its viability needs to be tested with nonperturbative studies. The model that we study here, the so-called "3-4-5" model, is anomaly free and the presence of massless states in the mirror sector is not required by anomaly matching arguments, in contrast to the "1-0" model that was studied previously. We have computed the polarization tensor in this theory and find a directional discontinuity that appears to be nonzero in the limit of an infinite lattice, which is equivalent to the continuum limit at fixed physical volume. We show that a similar behavior occurs for the free massless Ginsparg-Wilson fermion, where the polarization tensor is known to have a directional discontinuity in the continuum limit. We thus find support for the conclusion that in the continuum limit of the 3-4-5 model, there are massless charged modes in the mirror sector so that it does not decouple from the light sector. The value of the discontinuity we obtain allows for two interpretations: either a chiral gauge theory does not emerge and mirror-sector fermions in a chiral anomaly free representation remain massless, or a massless vectorlike mirror fermion appears. We end by discussing some questions for future study.
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