Abstract:
For the class of quasi-periodic solutions of the vortex filament equation, we study connections between the algebro-geometric data used for their explicit construction and the geometry of the evolving curves. We give a complete description of genus one solutions, including geometrically interesting special cases such as Euler elastica, constant torsion curves, and self-intersecting filaments. We also prove generalizations of these connections to higher genus.

Abstract:
We present a fluid dynamics video showing how a point vortex interacts with a passive flexible filament, for various values of filament bending stiffness.

Abstract:
In our paper we study periodic geodesic motion on multidimensional ellipsoids with elastic impacts along confocal quadrics. We show that the method of isoperiodic deformation is applicable.

Abstract:
We consider the problem of describing the possible spectra of an acoustic operator with a periodic finite-gap density. We construct flows on the moduli space of algebraic Riemann surfaces that preserve the periods of the corresponding operator. By a suitable extension of the phase space, these equations can be written with quadratic irrationalities.

Abstract:
We introduce a statistical ensemble for a single vortex filament of a three dimensional incompressible fluid. The core of the vortex is modelled by a quite generic stochastic process. We prove the existence of the partition function for both positive and a limited range of negative temperatures.

Abstract:
A random field composed by Poisson distributed Brownian vortex filaments is constructed. The filament have a random thickness, length and intensity, governed by a measure $\gamma$. Under appropriate assumptions on $\gamma$ we compute the scaling law of the structure function and get the multifractal scaling as a particular case.

Abstract:
If a curve in R^3 is closed, then the curvature and the torsion are periodic functions satisfying some additional constraints. We show that these constraints can be naturally formulated in terms of the spectral problem for a 2x2 matrix differential operator. This operator arose in the theory of the self-focusing Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation. A simple spectral characterization of Bloch varieties generating periodic solutions of the Filament Equation is obtained. We show that the method of isoperiodic deformations suggested earlier by the authors for constructing periodic solutions of soliton equations can be naturally applied to the Filament Equation.

Abstract:
Differential calculus on the space of asymptotically linear curves is developed. The calculus is applied to the vortex filament equation in its Hamiltonian description. The recursion operator generating the infinite sequence of commuting flows is shown to be hereditary. The system is shown to have a description with a Hamiltonian pair. Master symmetries are found and are applied to deriving an expression of the constants of motion in involution. The expression agrees with the inspection of Langer and Perline.

Abstract:
We consider the problem of collisions of vortex filaments for a model introduced by Klein, Majda and Damodaran, and Zakharov to describe the interaction of almost parallel vortex filaments in three-dimensional fluids. Since the results of Crow examples of collisions are searched as perturbations of antiparallel translating pairs of filaments, with initial perturbations related to the unstable mode of the linearized problem; most results are numerical calculations. In this article we first consider a related model for the evolution of pairs of filaments and we display another type of initial perturbation leading to collision in finite time. Moreover we give numerical evidence that it also leads to collision through the initial model. We finally study the self-similar solutions of the model.

Abstract:
Gradient catastrophe and flutter instability in the motion of vortex filament within the localized induction approximation are analyzed. It is shown that the origin if this phenomenon is in the gradient catastrophe for the dispersionless Da Rios system which describes motion of filament with slow varying curvature and torsion. Geometrically this catastrophe manifests as a rapid oscillation of a filament curve in a point that resembles the flutter of airfoils. Analytically it is the elliptic umbilic singularity in the terminology of the catastrophe theory. It is demonstrated that its double scaling regularization is governed by the Painlev\'e-I equation.