Abstract:
Classical chaos refers to the property of trajectories to diverge exponentially as time tends to infinity. It is characterized by a positive Lyapunov exponent. There are many different descriptions of quantum chaos. The one related to the notion of generalized (quantum) Lyapunov exponent is based either on qualitative physical considerations or on the so-called symplectic tomography map. The purpose of this note is to show how the definition of quantum Lyapunov exponent naturally arises in the framework of the Moyal phase space formulation of quantum mechanics and is based on the notions of quantum trajectories and the family of quantizers. The role of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle in the statement of the criteria for quantum chaos is made explicit.

Abstract:
We show that enhanced wavefunction localization due to the presence of short unstable orbits and strong scarring can rely on completely different mechanisms. Specifically we find that in quantum networks the shortest and most stable orbits do not support visible scars, although they are responsible for enhanced localization in the majority of the eigenstates. Scarring orbits are selected by a criterion which does not involve the classical Lyapunov exponent. We obtain predictions for the energies of visible scars and the distributions of scarring strengths and inverse participation ratios.

Abstract:
Using the symplectic tomography map, both for the probability distributions in classical phase space and for the Wigner functions of its quantum counterpart, we discuss a notion of Lyapunov exponent for quantum dynamics. Because the marginal distributions, obtained by the tomography map, are always well defined probabilities, the correspondence between classical and quantum notions is very clear. Then we also obtain the corresponding expressions in Hilbert space. Some examples are worked out. Classical and quantum exponents are seen to coincide for local and non-local time-dependent quadratic potentials. For non-quadratic potentials classical and quantum exponents are different and some insight is obtained on the taming effect of quantum mechanics on classical chaos. A detailed analysis is made for the standard map. Providing an unambiguous extension of the notion of Lyapunov exponent to quantum mechnics, the method that is developed is also computationally efficient in obtaining analytical results for the Lyapunov exponent, both classical and quantum.

Abstract:
We study the time evolution of two wave packets prepared at the same initial state, but evolving under slightly different Hamiltonians. For chaotic systems, we determine the circumstances that lead to an exponential decay with time of the wave packet overlap function. We show that for sufficiently weak perturbations, the exponential decay follows a Fermi golden rule, while by making the difference between the two Hamiltonians larger, the characteristic exponential decay time becomes the Lyapunov exponent of the classical system. We illustrate our theoretical findings by investigating numerically the overlap decay function of a two-dimensional dynamical system.

Abstract:
Within the frame of kinetic theory a response function is derived for finite Fermi systems which includes dissipation in relaxation time approximation and a contribution from additional chaotic processes characterized by the largest Lyapunov exponent. A generalized local density approximation is presented including the effect of many particle relaxation and the additional chaotic scattering. For small Lyapunov exponents relative to the product of wave vector and Fermi velocity in the system, the largest Lyapunov exponent modifies the response in the same way as the relaxation time. Therefore the transport coefficients can be connected with the largest positive Lyapunov exponent in the same way as known from the transport theory in relaxation time approximation.

Abstract:
Despite the invertible setting, Anosov endomorphisms may have infinitely many unstable directions. Here we prove, under transitivity assumption, that an Anosov endomorphism on a closed manifold $M,$ is either special (that is, every $x \in M$ has only one unstable direction) or for a typical point in $M$ there are infinitely many unstable directions. Other result of this work is the semi rigidity of the unstable Lyapunov exponent of a $C^{1+\alpha}$ codimension one Anosov endomorphism and $C^1$ close to a linear endomorphism of $\mathbb{T}^n$ for $(n \geq 2).$ In the appendix we give a proof for ergodicity of $C^{1+\alpha}, \alpha > 0,$ conservative Anosov endomorphism.

Abstract:
We study and compare the information loss of a large class of Gaussian bipartite systems. It includes the usual Caldeira-Leggett type model as well as Anosov models (parametric oscillators, the inverted oscillator environment, etc), which exhibit instability, one of the most important characteristics of chaotic systems. We establish a rigorous connection between the quantum Lyapunov exponents and coherence loss, and show that in the case of unstable environments coherence loss is completely determined by the upper quantum Lyapunov exponent, a behavior which is more universal than that of the Caldeira-Leggett type model.

Abstract:
We investigate the sensitivity of a disordered system with diffractive scatterers to a weak external perturbation. Specifically, we calculate the fidelity M(t) (also called the Loschmidt echo) characterizing a return probability after a propagation for a time $t$ followed by a backward propagation governed by a slightly perturbed Hamiltonian. For short-range scatterers we perform a diagrammatic calculation showing that the fidelity decays first exponentially according to the golden rule, and then follows a power law governed by the diffusive dynamics. For long-range disorder (when the diffractive scattering is of small-angle character) an intermediate regime emerges where the diagrammatics is not applicable. Using the path integral technique, we derive a kinetic equation and show that M(t) decays exponentially with a rate governed by the classical Lyapunov exponent.

Abstract:
We discuss the quantum--classical correspondence in a specific dissipative chaotic system, Duffing oscillator. We quantize it on the basis of quantum state diffusion (QSD) which is a certain formulation for open quantum systems and an effective tool for analyzing complex problems numerically. We consider a sensitivity to initial conditions, `` pseudo-Lyapunov exponent '', and investigate it in detail, varying Planck constant effectively. We show that in a dissipative system there exists a certain critical stage in which the crossover from classical to quantum behavior occurs. Furthermore, we show that an effect of dissipation suppresses the occurrence of chaos in the quantum region, while it, combined with the periodic external force, plays a crucial role in the chaotic behaviors of classical system.

Abstract:
In this paper we construct some "pathological" volume preserving partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms on $\toro{3}$ such that their behaviour in small scales in the central direction (Lyapunov exponent) is opposite to the behavior of their linearization. These examples are isotopic to Anosov. We also get partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms isotopic to Anosov (consequently with non-compact central leaves) with zero central Lyapunov exponent at almost every point.