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Controlled switching of discrete solitons in waveguide arrays  [PDF]
Rodrigo A. Vicencio,Mario I. Molina,Yuri S. Kivshar
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1364/OL.28.001942
Abstract: We suggest an effective method for controlling nonlinear switching in arrays of weakly coupled optical waveguides. We demonstrate the digitized switching of a narrow input beam for up to eleven waveguides in the engineered waveguide arrays.
Switching of Discrete Solitons in Engineered Waveguide Arrays  [PDF]
R. A. Vicencio,M. I. Molina,Y. S. Kivshar
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.70.026602
Abstract: We demonstrate a simple method for controlling nonlinear switching of discrete solitons in arrays of weakly coupled optical waveguides, for both cubic and uadratic nonlinearities. Based on the effective discrete nonlinear equations describing the waveguide arrays in the tight-binding approximation, we develop the concept of the array engineering by means of a step-like variation of the waveguide coupling. We demonstrate the digitized switching of a narrow input beam for up to eleven neighboring waveguides, in the case of the cubic nonlinearity, and up to ten waveguides, in the case of quadratic nonlinearity. We discuss our predictions in terms of the physics of the engineered Peierls-Nabarro (PN) potential experienced by strongly localized nonlinear modes moving in a lattice and calculate, for the first time, the PN potential for the quadratic nonlinear array. We also confirm our concept and major findings for a full-scaled continuous model and realistic parameters, by means of the beam propagation method.
Remanence and switching sensitivity in nanodot magnetic arrays  [PDF]
Przemyslaw Gawronski,Krzysztof Kulakowski
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: New results are reported of the computer simulations on the magnetic behaviour of magnetic arrays of nanoscopic dots, placed in cells of the square lattice. We show that the remanence magnetization $M_r$ decreases with the array size. For arrays 50x50, we investigate also the stability of the magnetic structure of an array in an oscillating magnetic field. The damage spreading technique reveals that this stability increases with the standard deviation $\sigma$ of the switching field of individual elements of the array. On the other hand, $M_r$ decreases with $\sigma$. An optimalization of the system (large $M_r$ and large stability) can then be reached at some intermediate value of $\sigma$.
Broken symmetry of row switching in 2D Josephson junction arrays  [PDF]
D. Abraimov,P. Caputo,G. Filatrella,M. V. Fistul,G. Yu. Logvenov,A. V. Ustinov
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.5354
Abstract: We present an experimental and theoretical study of row switching in two-dimensional Josephson junction arrays. We have observed novel dynamic states with peculiar percolative patterns of the voltage drop inside the arrays. These states were directly visualized using laser scanning microscopy and manifested by fine branching in the current-voltage characteristics of the arrays. Numerical simulations show that such percolative patterns have an intrinsic origin and occur independently of positional disorder. We argue that the appearance of these dynamic states is due to the presence of various metastable superconducting states in arrays.
Transport dynamics of single ions in segmented microstructured Paul trap arrays  [PDF]
R. Reichle,D. Leibfried,R. B. Blakestad,J. Britton,J. D. Jost,E. Knill,C. Langer,R. Ozeri,S. Seidelin,D. J. Wineland
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1002/prop.200610326
Abstract: It was recently proposed to use small groups of trapped ions as qubit carriers in miniaturized electrode arrays that comprise a large number of individual trapping zones, between which ions could be moved. This approach might be scalable for quantum information processing with a large numbers of qubits. Processing of quantum information is achieved by transporting ions to and from separate memory and qubit manipulation zones in between quantum logic operations. The transport of ion groups in this scheme plays a major role and requires precise experimental control and fast transport. In this paper we introduce a theoretical framework to study ion transport in external potentials that might be created by typical miniaturized Paul trap electrode arrays. In particular we discuss the relationship between classical and quantum descriptions of the transport and study the energy transfer to the oscillatory motion during near-adiabatic transport. Based on our findings we suggest a numerical method to find electrode potentials as a function of time to optimize the local potential an ion experiences during transport. We demonstrate this method for one specific electrode geometry that should closely represent the situation encountered in realistic trap arrays.
Hot-carrier trap-limited transport in switching chalcogenides  [PDF]
Enrico Piccinini,Andrea Cappelli,Fabrizio Buscemi,Rossella Brunetti,Daniele Ielmini,Massimo Rudan,Carlo Jacoboni
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4761997
Abstract: Chalcogenide materials have received great attention in the last decade owing to their application in new memory systems. Recently, phase-change memories have, in fact, reached the early stages of production. In spite of the industrial exploitation of such materials, the physical processes governing the switching mechanism are still debated. In this paper we work out a complete and consistent model for transport in amorphous chalcogenide materials based on trap-limited conduction accompanied by carrier heating. A previous model is here extended to include position-dependent carrier concentration and field, consistently linked by the Poisson equation. The results of the new model reproduce the experimental electrical characteristics and their dependences on the device length and temperature. Furthermore, the model provides a sound physical interpretation of the switching phenomenon and is able to give an estimate of the threshold condition in terms of the material parameters, a piece of information of great technological interest.
UV-photon and electrically driven resistance switching in ZnO nanotube arrays  [PDF]
Peng Liu,Guangwei She,Zhaoliang Liao,Yao Wang,Zhenzhong Wang,Wensheng Shi,Xiaohong Zhang,Shuit-Tong Lee,Dongmin Chen
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Vertically aligned ZnO nanotube arrays fabricated on an ITO substrate are found to exhibit strong persistent photoconductivity (PPC) effect and electrically driven conductance switching behavior, though the latter shows a gradual decay from high conductance state to a low conductance state. Unlike the electrical switching, the PPC cannot be reset or reversed by an electrical pulse. Excitation wavelength dependent conductance measurement indicates the presence of the defect localized states (DLS) ~ 240meV above the valence band edge, in support of the hypothesis that the doubly ionization of these DLS are responsible for the PPC effect.
Spontaneous Transverse Response and Amplified Switching in Superconductors with Honeycomb Pinning Arrays  [PDF]
C. Reichhardt,C. J. Olson Reichhardt
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.167002
Abstract: Using numerical simulations, we show that a novel spontaneous transverse response can appear when a longitudinal drive is applied to type-II superconductors with honeycomb pinning arrays in a magnetic field near certain filling fractions. This response is generated by dynamical symmetry breaking that occurs at fields away from commensurability. We find a coherent strongly amplified transverse switching effect when an additional transverse ac current is applied. The transverse ac drive can also be used to control switching in the longitudinal velocity response. We discuss how these effects could be used to create new types of devices such as current effect transistors.
On the Transport of Atomic Ions in Linear and Multidimensional Ion Trap Arrays  [PDF]
D. Hucul,M. Yeo,W. K. Hensinger,J. Rabchuk,S. Olmschenk,C. Monroe
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: Trapped atomic ions have become one of the most promising architectures for a quantum computer, and current effort is now devoted to the transport of trapped ions through complex segmented ion trap structures in order to scale up to much larger numbers of trapped ion qubits. This paper covers several important issues relevant to ion transport in any type of complex multidimensional rf (Paul) ion trap array. We develop a general theoretical framework for the application of time-dependent electric fields to shuttle laser-cooled ions along any desired trajectory, and describe a method for determining the effect of arbitrary shuttling schedules on the quantum state of trapped ion motion. In addition to the general case of linear shuttling over short distances, we introduce issues particular to the shuttling through multidimensional junctions, which are required for the arbitrary control of the positions of large arrays of trapped ions. This includes the transport of ions around a corner, through a cross or T junction, and the swapping of positions of multiple ions in a laser-cooled crystal. Where possible, we make connections to recent experimental results in a multidimensional T junction trap, where arbitrary 2-dimensional transport was realized.
Harmonic oscillations and their switching in elliptical optical waveguide arrays  [PDF]
Ming Jie Zheng,Yun San Chan,Kin Wah Yu
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/2040-8978/13/3/035708
Abstract: We have studied harmonic oscillations in an elliptical optical waveguide array in which the coupling between neighboring waveguides is varied in accord with a Kac matrix so that the propagation constant eigenvalues can take equally spaced values. As a result, long-living Bloch oscillation (BO) and dipole oscillation (DO) are obtained when a linear gradient in the propagation constant is applied. Moreover, we achieve a switching from DO to BO or vice versa by ramping up the gradient profile. The various optical oscillations as well as their switching are investigated by field evolution analysis and confirmed by Hamiltonian optics. The equally spaced eigenvalues in the propagation constant allow viable applications in transmitting images, switching and routing of optical signals.
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