Abstract:
From the point of view of topology we study the induced representation technique which E. Wigner proposed in 1939. We comment on the gauge structure in the induced representation technique and construc the explicit form of the gauge fields. The topological results ofour study are applied to quantum mechanics on a d-dimensional sphere and its path integral is formulated.

Abstract:
We propose $Sp(8,\mathbb{R})$ and $SO(9,\mathbb{R})$ as dynamical groups for closed quantum systems. Restricting here to $Sp(8,\mathbb{R})$, the quantum theory is constructed and investigated. The functional Mellin transform plays a prominent role in defining the quantum theory as it provides a bridge between the quantum algebra of observables and the algebra of operators on Hilbert spaces furnishing unitary representations that are induced from a distinguished parabolic subgroup of $Sp(8,\mathbb{R})$. As well, the parabolic subgroup furnishes a fiber bundle construction that models what can be described as a matrix quantum gauge theory. The formulation is strictly quantum mechanics: no a priori space-time is assumed and the only geometrical input comes from the group manifold. But, what appears on the surface to be a fairly simple model, turns out to have a capacious structure suggesting some surprising physical interpretations.

Abstract:
Quantum mechanics on sphere $S^{n}$ is studied from the viewpoint that the Berry's connection has to appear as a topological term in the effective action. Furthermore we show that this term is the Chern-Simons term of gauge variables that correspond to the extra degrees of freedom of the enlarged space.

Abstract:
The superfield formulation of two - dimensional $N=4$ Extended Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics (SQM) is described. It is shown that corresponding classical Lagrangian describes the motion in the conformally flat metric with additional potential term. The Bose and Fermi sectors of two- and three-dimensional $N=4$ SQM are analyzed. The structure of the quantum Hamiltonians is such, that the usual Shr\"{o}dinger equation in the flat space arises after some unitary transformation, demonstrating the effect of transmutation of the coupling constant and the energy of the initial model in some special cases.

Abstract:
Microcanonical ensemble theory of bosons is derived from quantum mechanics by making use of a hidden gauge structure. The relative phase interaction associated with this gauge structure, described by the Pegg-Barnett formalism, is shown to lead to perfect decoherence in the thermodynamics limit and the principle of equal a priori probability, simultaneously.

Abstract:
We describe the generalization of the recently derived solutions of D=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with SU(3) gauge group to the generic case of SU(N) gauge group. We discuss the spectra and eigensolutions in bosonic as well as fermionic sectors.

Abstract:
We develop an unified algebraic approach to the description of gauge interactions within the framework of a new concept of quantum mechanics. The next step in generalizing the space-time and the action vector space is made. The gauge field is defined through linear mappings in the generalized space-time and the action space. Relativistic quantum mechanics equations for particles in a gauge field are derived from the structure equations for the action space expanded in the linear mappings of action vectors. In a special case, these equations are reduced to the relativistic equations for the leptons in the electroweak field. As against the standard Glashow-Weinberg-Salam model, the set of equations includes the equation for the right neutrino interacting only with the weak Z-field.

Abstract:
A hidden gauge theory structure of quantum mechanics which is invisible in its conventional formulation is uncovered. Quantum mechanics is shown to be equivalent to a certain Yang-Mills theory with an infinite-dimensional gauge group and a nondynamical connection. It is defined over an arbitrary symplectic manifold which constitutes the phase-space of the system under consideration. The ''matter fields'' are local generalizations of states and observables; they assume values in a family of local Hilbert spaces (and their tensor products) which are attached to the points of phase-space. Under local frame rotations they transform in the spinor representation of the metaplectic group Mp(2N), the double covering of Sp(2N). The rules of canonical quantization are replaced by two independent postulates with a simple group theoretical and differential geometrical interpretation. A novel background-quantum split symmetry plays a central role.

Abstract:
In this paper we investigate the form of induced gauge fields that arises in two types of quantum systems. In the first we consider quantum mechanics on coset spaces G/H, and argue that G-invariance is central to the emergence of the H-connection as induced gauge fields in the different quantum sectors. We then demonstrate why the same connection, now giving rise to the non-abelian generalization of Berry's phase, can also be found in systems which have slow variables taking values in such a coset space.

Abstract:
We present BRST gauge fixing approach to quantum mechanics in phase space. The theory is obtained by $\hbar$-deformation of the cohomological classical mechanics described by d=1, N=2 model. We use the extended phase space supplied by the path integral formulation with $\hbar$-deformed symplectic structure.