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Quantum Kinetic Theory III: Simulation of the Quantum Boltzmann Master Equation  [PDF]
D. Jaksch,C. W. Gardiner,P. Zoller
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.56.575
Abstract: We present results of simulations of a em quantum Boltzmann master equation (QBME) describing the kinetics of a dilute Bose gas confined in a trapping potential in the regime of Bose condensation. The QBME is the simplest version of a quantum kinetic master equations derived in previous work. We consider two cases of trapping potentials: a 3D square well potential with periodic boundary conditions, and an isotropic harmonic oscillator. We discuss the stationary solutions and relaxation to equilibrium. In particular, we calculate particle distribution functions, fluctuations in the occupation numbers, the time between collisions, and the mean occupation numbers of the one-particle states in the regime of onset of Bose condensation.
Quantum Kinetic Theory V: Quantum kinetic master equation for mutual interaction of condensate and noncondensate  [PDF]
C. W. Gardiner,P. Zoller
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.61.033601
Abstract: A detailed quantum kinetic master equation is developed which couples the kinetics of a trapped condensate to the vapor of non-condensed particles. This generalizes previous work which treated the vapor as being undepleted.
Quantum Kinetic Theory for a Condensed Bosonic Gas  [PDF]
R. Walser,J. Williams,J. Cooper,M. Holland
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.59.3878
Abstract: We present a kinetic theory for Bose-Einstein condensation of a weakly interacting atomic gas in a trap. Starting from first principles, we establish a Markovian kinetic description for the evolution towards equilibrium. In particular, we obtain a set of self-consistent master equations for mean fields, normal densities, and anomalous fluctuations. These kinetic equations generalize the Gross-Pitaevskii mean-field equations, and merge them consistently with a quantum-Boltzmann equation approach.
Quantum Kinetic Theory III: Quantum kinetic master equation for strongly condensed trapped systems  [PDF]
C. W. Gardiner,P. Zoller
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.58.536
Abstract: We extend quantum kinetic theory to deal with a strongly Bose-condensed atomic vapor in a trap. The method assumes that the majority of the vapor is not condensed, and acts as a bath of heat and atoms for the condensate. The condensate is described by the particle number conserving Bogoliubov method developed by one of the authors. We derive equations which describe the fluctuations of particle number and phase, and the growth of the Bose-Einstein condensate. The equilibrium state of the condensate is a mixture of states with different numbers of particles and quasiparticles. It is not a quantum superposition of states with different numbers of particles---nevertheless, the stationary state exhibits the property of off-diagonal long range order, to the extent that this concept makes sense in a tightly trapped condensate.
Condensation of bosons in kinetic regime  [PDF]
D. V. Semikoz,I. I. Tkachev
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.55.489
Abstract: We study the kinetic regime of the Bose-condensation of scalar particles with weak $\lambda \phi^4$ self-interaction. The Boltzmann equation is solved numerically. We consider two kinetic stages. At the first stage the condensate is still absent but there is a nonzero inflow of particles towards ${\bf p} = {\bf 0}$ and the distribution function at ${\bf p} ={\bf 0}$ grows from finite values to infinity in a finite time. We observe a profound similarity between Bose-condensation and Kolmogorov turbulence. At the second stage there are two components, the condensate and particles, reaching their equilibrium values. We show that the evolution in both stages proceeds in a self-similar way and find the time needed for condensation. We do not consider a phase transition from the first stage to the second. Condensation of self-interacting bosons is compared to the condensation driven by interaction with a cold gas of fermions; the latter turns out to be self-similar too. Exploiting the self-similarity we obtain a number of analytical results in all cases.
Quantum kinetic Ising models  [PDF]
R. Augusiak,F. M. Cucchietti,F. Haake,M. Lewenstein
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/12/2/025021
Abstract: We introduce a quantum generalization of classical kinetic Ising models, described by a certain class of quantum many body master equations. Similarly to kinetic Ising models with detailed balance that are equivalent to certain Hamiltonian systems, our models reduce to a set of Hamiltonian systems determining the dynamics of the elements of the many body density matrix. The ground states of these Hamiltonians are well described by matrix product, or pair entangled projected states. We discuss critical properties of such Hamiltonians, as well as entanglement properties of their low energy states.
Kinetic theory of quantum transport at the nanoscale  [PDF]
Ralph Gebauer,Roberto Car
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.125324
Abstract: We present a quantum-kinetic scheme for the calculation of non-equilibrium transport properties in nanoscale systems. The approach is based on a Liouville-master equation for a reduced density operator and represents a generalization of the well-known Boltzmann kinetic equation. The system, subject to an external electromotive force, is described using periodic boundary conditions. We demonstrate the feasibility of the approach by applying it to a double-barrier resonant tunneling structure.
Kinetic Theory and the Kac Master Equation  [PDF]
Eric Carlen,Maria C. Carvalho,Michael Loss
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: This article reviews recent work on the Kac master equation and its low dimensional counterpart, the Kac equation.
The quantum MacMahon Master Theorem  [PDF]
Stavros Garoufalidis,Thang TQ. Le,Doron Zeilberger
Mathematics , 2003,
Abstract: We state and prove a quantum-generalization of MacMahon's celebrated Master Theorem, and relate it to a quantum-generalization of the boson-fermion correspondence of Physics.
Bose-Einstein Condensation in Exotic Trapping Potentials  [PDF]
Luca Salasnich
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: We discuss thermal and dynamical properties of Bose condensates confined by an external potential. First we analyze the Bose-Einstein transition temperature for an ideal Bose gas in a generic power-law potential and d-dimensional space. Then we investigate the effect of the shape of the trapping potential on the properties of a weakly-interacting Bose condensate. We show that using exotic trapping potentials the condensate can exhibit interesting coherent quantum phenomena, like superfluidity and tunneling. In particular, we consider toroidal and double-well potentials. The theoretical results are compared with recent experiments.
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