Abstract:
The nature of QCD phase transition is studied with massless up and down quarks and a light strange quark, using the Wilson formalism for quarks on a lattice with the temporal direction extension $N_t=4$. We find that the phase transition is first order in the cases of both about 150 MeV and 400 MeV for the strange quark mass. These results together with those for three degenerate quarks suggest that QCD phase transition in nature is first order.

Abstract:
We determine the masses of the light and the strange quarks in the MS-bar-scheme using our high-statistics lattice simulation of QCD with dynamical Wilson fermions. For each of our three sea quarks we have analyzed our data at five different values of the valence quark mass, enabling us to parameterize our fit results in the (sea-quark mass, valence quark mass) plane. For the light quark mass we find m_light(2 GeV) = 2.7(2) MeV, which is lower than in quenched simulations. Applying a new method, which we propose to extract the strange quark mass in a sea of two dynamical light quarks, we obtain m_strange(2 GeV) = 140(20) MeV.

Abstract:
We determine the masses of the light and the strange quarks in the $\bar{MS}$-scheme using our high-statistics lattice simulation of QCD with dynamical Wilson fermions. For the light quark mass we find $m^{light}_{\bar{MS}}(2 GeV) = 2.7(2) MeV$, which is lower than in quenched simulations. For the strange quark, in a sea of two dynamical light quarks, we obtain $m^{strange}_{\bar{MS}}(2 GeV) = 140(20) MeV$.

Abstract:
We study the change of the QCD spectrum of low-lying mesons in the presence of an external magnetic field using Wilson fermions in the quenched approximation. Motivated by qualitative differences observed in the spectra of overlap and Wilson fermions for large magnetic fields, we investigate the dependence of the additive quark mass renormalisation on the magnetic field. We provide evidence that the magnetic field changes the critical quark mass both in the free case and on our quenched ensemble. The associated change of the bare quark mass with the magnetic field affects the spectrum and is relevant for the magnetic field dependence of a number of related quantities. We derive Ward identities for lattice and continuum QCD+QED from which we can extract the current quark masses. We also report on a first test of the tuning of the quark masses with the magnetic field using the current quark masses, and show that this tuning resolves the qualitative discrepancy between the Wilson and overlap spectra.

Abstract:
We study the sigma term and the strange quark content of nucleon in 2+1-flavor QCD with dynamical overlap fermions. We analyze the lattice data of nucleon mass taken at two different strange quark masses with five values of up and down quark masses each. Using the reweighting technique, we study the strange quark mass dependence of the nucleon and extract the strange quark content.

Abstract:
We continue our investigation of 2+1 flavor QCD thermodynamics using dynamical Wilson fermions in the fixed scale approach. Two additional pion masses, approximately 440 MeV and 285 MeV, are added to our previous work at 545 MeV. The simulations were performed at 3 or 4 lattice spacings at each pion mass. The renormalized chiral condensate, strange quark number susceptibility and Polyakov loop is obtained as a function of the temperature and we observe a decrease in the light chiral pseudo-critical temperature as the pion mass is lowered while the pseudo-critical temperature associated with the strange quark number susceptibility or the Polyakov loop is only mildly sensitive to the pion mass. These findings are in agreement with previous continuum results obtained in the staggered formulation.

Abstract:
The nature of finite temperature transitions in lattice QCD with Wilson quarks is studied near the chiral limit for the cases of 2, 3, and 6 flavors of degenerate quarks ($N_F=2$, 3, and 6) and also for the case of massless up and down quarks and a light strange quark ($N_F=2+1$). Our simulations mainly performed on lattices with the temporal direction extension $N_t=4$ indicate that the finite temperature transition in the chiral limit (chiral transition) is continuous for $N_F=2$, while it is of first order for $N_F=3$ and 6. We find that the transition is of first order for the case of massless up and down quarks and the physical strange quark where we obtain a value of $m_\phi/m_\rho$ consistent with the physical value. We also discuss the phase structure at zero temperature as well as that at finite temperatures.

Abstract:
Phase diagram of QCD with Wilson fermions for various numbers of flavors $N_F$ is discussed. Our simulations mainly performed on a lattice with the temporal size $N_t =4$ indicate the following: The chiral phase transition is of first order when $3 \le N_F \le 6$, while it is continuous when $N_F=2$. For the realistic case of massless u and d quarks and the strange quark with $m_q = 150$ MeV, the phase transition is first order. The sharp transition in the intermediate mass region for $N_F=2$ at $N_t=4$ observed by the MILC group disappears when an RG improvement is made for the pure gauge action.

Abstract:
We determine f_K for lattice QCD in the two flavor approximation with non-perturbatively improved Wilson fermions. The result is used to set the scale for dimensionful quantities in CLS/ALPHA simulations. To control its dependence on the light quark mass, two different strategies for the chiral extrapolation are applied. Combining f_K and the bare strange quark mass with non-perturbative renormalization factors and step scaling functions computed in the Schroedinger Functional, we determine the RGI strange quark mass and the Lambda parameter in units of f_K.

Abstract:
A fully non-perturbative lattice determination of the up/down and strange quark masses is given for quenched QCD using both, $O(a)$ improved Wilson fermions and ordinary Wilson fermions. For the strange quark mass with $O(a)$ improved fermions we obtain $m^{\msbar}_s(\mu=2 {GeV}) = 105(4) {MeV}$, using the interquark force scale $r_0$. Due to quenching problems fits are only possible for quark masses larger than the strange quark mass. If we extrapolate our fits to the up/down quark mass we find for the average mass $m^{\msbar}_l(\mu=2 {GeV}) = 4.4(2) {MeV}$.