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Maximally-Mixed Three Generations of Neutrinos and the Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Problems  [PDF]
C. W. Kim,J. A. Lee
Physics , 1993,
Abstract: Motivated by the indication that both the Solar and the atmospheric neutrino puzzles may simultaneously be solved by (vacuum as well as matter-induced resonant) oscillations of two generations of neutrinos with large mixing, we have analyzed the data on the Solar and atmospheric neutrinos assuming that all {\it three} neutrinos are maximally mixed. It is shown that the results of two-generation analyses are still valid even in the three-generation scheme, {\it i.e.}, the two puzzles can be solved simultaneously if $\Delta m_{21}^2 = m_2^2-m_1^2\simeq 10^{-10}\mbox{eV}^2$ and $\Delta m_{31}^2 = 10^{-3}\sim 10^{-1}\mbox{eV}^2$. We have also demonstrated explicitly that with the use of the see-saw mechanism it is possible to have large or maximal mixings for neutrinos even though their masses are highly non-degenerate.
Atmospheric Neutrinos and Neutrino Oscillations  [PDF]
G. Giacomelli,M. Spurio
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: After some generalities on neutrino oscillations and on neutrinos, the recent experimental results presented by Soudan 2, MACRO and SuperKamiokande at the Neutrino'98 conference are summarized and discussed.
Neutrino Decay and Atmospheric Neutrinos  [PDF]
V. Barger,J. G. Learned,P. Lipari,M. Lusignoli,S. Pakvasa,T. J. Weiler
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(99)00887-4
Abstract: We reconsider neutrino decay as an explanation for atmospheric neutrino observations. We show that if the mass-difference relevant to the two mixed states \nu_\mu and \nu_\tau is very small (< 10^{-4} eV^2), then a very good fit to the observations can be obtained with decay of a component of \nu_\mu to a sterile neutrino and a Majoron. We discuss how the K2K and MINOS long-baseline experiments can distinguish the decay and oscillation scenarios.
Atmospheric neutrinos in the context of muon and neutrino radiography  [PDF]
Thomas K. Gaisser
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.5047/eps.2009.06.007
Abstract: Using the atmospheric neutrinos to probe the density profile of the Earth depends on knowing the angular distribution of the neutrinos at production and the neutrino cross section. This paper reviews the essential features of the angular distribution with emphasis on the relative contributions of pions, kaons and charm.
Atmospheric neutrinos in ice and measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters  [PDF]
Enrique Fernandez-Martinez,Gerardo Giordano,Olga Mena,Irina Mocioiu
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.093011
Abstract: The main goal of the IceCube Deep Core Array is to search for neutrinos of astrophysical origins. Atmospheric neutrinos are commonly considered as a background for these searches. We show that the very high statistics atmospheric neutrino data can be used to obtain precise measurements of the main oscillation parameters.
Neutrino Mass Spectrum with $ν_μ$ $\to$ $ν_s$ Oscillations of Atmospheric Neutrinos  [PDF]
Q. Y. Liu,A. Yu. Smirnov
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00269-7
Abstract: We consider the ``standard'' spectrum of the active neutrinos (characterized by strong mass hierarchy and small mixing) with additional sterile neutrino, $\nu_s$. The sterile neutrino mixes strongly with the muon neutrino, so that $\nu_{\mu} \leftrightarrow \nu_s$ oscillations solve the atmospheric neutrino problem. We show that the parametric enhancement of the $\nu_{\mu} \leftrightarrow \nu_s$ oscillations occurs for the high energy atmospheric neutrinos which cross the core of the Earth. This can be relevant for the anomaly observed by the MACRO experiment. Solar neutrinos are converted both to $\nu_{\mu}$ and $\nu_s$. The heaviest neutrino ($\approx \nu_{\tau}$) may compose the hot dark matter of the Universe. Phenomenology of this scenario is elaborated and crucial experimental signatures are identified. We also discuss properties of the underlying neutrino mass matrix.
Tau Neutrinos Favored over Sterile Neutrinos in Atmospheric Muon Neutrino Oscillations  [PDF]
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.3999
Abstract: The previously published atmospheric neutrino data did not distinguish whether muon neutrinos were oscillating into tau neutrinos or sterile neutrinos, as both hypotheses fit the data. Using data recorded in 1100 live-days of the Super-Kamiokande detector, we use three complementary data samples to study the difference in zenith angle distribution due to neutral currents and matter effects. We find no evidence favoring sterile neutrinos, and reject the hypothesis at the 99% confidence level. On the other hand, we find that oscillation between muon and tau neutrinos suffices to explain all the results in hand.
Registration of atmospheric neutrinos with the Baikal neutrino telescope  [PDF]
Baikal Collaboration,V. A. Balkanov et al
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0927-6505(99)00078-X
Abstract: We present first neutrino induced events observed with a deep underwater neutrino telescope. Data from 70 days effective life time of the BAIKAL prototype telescope NT-96 have been analyzed with two different methods. With the standard track reconstruction method, 9 clear upward muon candidates have been identified, in good agreement with 8.7 events expected from Monte Carlo calculations for atmospheric neutrinos. The second analysis is tailored to muons coming from close to the opposite zenith. It yields 4 events, compared to 3.5 from Monte Carlo expectations. From this we derive a 90 % upper flux limit of 1.1 * 10^-13 cm^-2 sec^-1 for muons in excess of those expected from atmospheric neutrinos with zenith angle > 150 degrees and energy > 10GeV.
Neutrino mass hierarchy and octant determination with atmospheric neutrinos  [PDF]
Vernon Barger,Raj Gandhi,Pomita Ghoshal,Srubabati Goswami,Danny Marfatia,Suprabh Prakash,Sushant K. Raut,S. Uma Sankar
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.091801
Abstract: The recent discovery by the Daya-Bay and RENO experiments, that \theta_{13} is nonzero and relatively large, significantly impacts existing experiments and the planning of future facilities. In many scenarios, the nonzero value of \theta_{13} implies that \theta_{23} is likely to be different from \pi/4. Additionally, large detectors will be sensitive to matter effects on the oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos, making it possible to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and the octant of \theta_{23}. We show that a 50 kT magnetized liquid argon neutrino detector can ascertain the mass hierarchy with a significance larger than 4 sigma with moderate exposure times, and the octant at the level of 2-3 sigma with greater exposure.
Testing the Solar Neutrino Conversion with Atmospheric Neutrinos  [PDF]
O. L. G. Peres,A. Y. Smirnov
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(99)00487-6
Abstract: Neutrino oscillations with parameters relevant for the large mixing solution of the solar neutrino problem ($\Delta m^2_{21} = (2 - 20) \cdot 10^{-5}$ eV$^2$, $\sin^2 2\theta_{12} > 0.65$) can lead to observable (up to 10 - 12 %) excess of the e-like events in the sub-GeV atmospheric neutrino sample. The excess has a weak zenith angle dependence in the low energy part of the sample and strong zenith angle dependence in the high energy part. The effect rapidly decreases with energy of neutrinos, it is suppressed in the multi-GeV sample. These signatures allow to disentangle the effect from other possible explanations of the excess. The possibility of change of the sign of the up-down asymmetry of the excess with energy (positive in the sub-GeV region and negative in the multi-GeV region) is marked. The predicted properties of excess are in agreement with SuperKamiokande data.
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