Abstract:
We propose a model of Sinai billiards with moving scatterers, in which the locations and shapes of the scatterers may change by small amounts between collisions. Our main result is the exponential loss of memory of initial data at uniform rates, and our proof consists of a coupling argument for non-stationary compositions of maps similar to classical billiard maps. This can be seen as a prototypical result on the statistical properties of time-dependent dynamical systems.

Abstract:
We examine the quantum energy levels of rectangular billiards with a pointlike scatterer in one and two dimensions. By varying the location and the strength of the scatterer, we systematically find diabolical degeneracies among various levels. The associated Berry phase is illustrated, and the existence of localized wave functions is pointed out. In one dimension, even the ground state is shown to display the sign reversal with a mechanism to circumvent the Sturm-Liouville theorem.

Abstract:
We study the low energy quantum spectra of two-dimensional rectangular billiards with a small but finite-size scatterer inside. We start by examining the spectral properties of billiards with a single pointlike scatterer. The problem is formulated in terms of self-adjoint extension theory of functional analysis. The condition for the appearance of so-called wave chaos is clarified. We then relate the pointlike scatterer to a finite-size scatterer through the appropriate truncation of basis. We show that the signature of wave chaos in low energy states is most prominent when the scatterer is weakly attractive. As an illustration, numerical results of a rectangular billiard with a small rectangular scatterer inside are exhibited.

Abstract:
We examine the spectral properties of three-dimensional quantum billiards with a single pointlike scatterer inside. It is found that the spectrum shows chaotic (random-matrix-like) characteristics when the inverse of the formal strength $\bar{v}^{-1}$ is within a band whose width increases parabolically as a function of the energy. This implies that the spectrum becomes random-matrix-like at very high energy irrespective to the value of the formal strength. The predictions are confirmed by numerical experiments with a rectangular box. The findings for a pointlike scatterer are applied to the case for a small but finite-size impurity. We clarify the proper procedure for its zero-size limit which involves non-trivial divergence. The previously known results in one and two-dimensional quantum billiards with small impurities inside are also reviewed from the present perspective.

Abstract:
The coherent tunneling phenomenon is investigated in rectangular billiards divided into two domains by a classically unclimbable potential barrier. We show that by placing a pointlike scatterer inside the billiard, we can control the occurrence and the rate of the resonance tunneling. The key role of the avoided crossing is stressed. Keywords: chaotic tunneling, quantum billiard, delta potential, diabolical degeneracy PACS: 3.65.-w, 4.30.Nk, 5.45.+b, 73.40.Gk

Abstract:
In this paper we study the ergodic properties of mathematical billiards describing the uniform motion of a point in a flat torus from which finitely many, pairwise disjoint, tubular neighborhoods of translated subtori (the so called cylindric scatterers) have been removed. We prove that every such system is ergodic (actually, a Bernoulli flow), unless a simple geometric obstacle for the ergodicity is present.

Abstract:
A new type of classical billiard - the Andreev billiard - is investigated using the tangent map technique. Andreev billiards consist of a normal region surrounded by a superconducting region. In contrast with previously studied billiards, Andreev billiards are integrable in zero magnetic field, {\it regardless of their shape}. A magnetic field renders chaotic motion in a generically shaped billiard, which is demonstrated for the Bunimovich stadium by examination of both Poincar\'e sections and Lyapunov exponents. The issue of the feasibility of certain experimental realizations is addressed.

Abstract:
The density of states for a chaotic billiard with randomly distributed point-like scatterers is calculated, doubly averaged over the positions of the impurities and the shape of the billiard. Truncating the billiard Hamiltonian to a N x N matrix, an explicit analytic expression is obtained for the case of broken time-reversal symmetry, depending on rank N of the matrix, number L of scatterers, and strength of the scattering potential. In the strong coupling limit a discontinuous change is observed in the density of states as soon as L exceeds N.

Abstract:
The dynamics of a system consisting of many spherical hard particles can be described as a single point particle moving in a high-dimensional space with fixed hypercylindrical scatterers with specific orientations and positions. In this paper, the similarities in the Lyapunov exponents are investigated between systems of many particles and high-dimensional billiards with cylindrical scatterers which have isotropically distributed orientations and homogeneously distributed positions. The dynamics of the isotropic billiard are calculated using a Monte-Carlo simulation, and a reorthogonalization process is used to find the Lyapunov exponents. The results are compared to numerical results for systems of many hard particles as well as the analytical results for the high-dimensional Lorentz gas. The smallest three-quarters of the positive exponents behave more like the exponents of hard-disk systems than the exponents of the Lorentz gas. This similarity shows that the hard-disk systems may be approximated by a spatially homogeneous and isotropic system of scatterers for a calculation of the smaller Lyapunov exponents, apart from the exponent associated with localization. The method of the partial stretching factor is used to calculate these exponents analytically, with results that compare well with simulation results of hard disks and hard spheres.

Abstract:
We clarify from a general perspective, the condition for the appearance of chaotic energy spectrum in quantum pseudointegrable billiards with a point scatterer inside.