Abstract:
The irrotational vortex geometry carachter of torsion loops is displayed by showing that torsion loops and nonradial flow acoustic metrics are conformally equivalent in $(1+1)$ dimensions while radial flow acoustic spacetime are conformally related in $(2+1)$ dimensional spacetime. The analysis of 2-dimensional space allows us to express the fluid density in terms of the parameters of torsion loop metric. These results lead us to conclude that the acoustic metric of vortex flows is the gravitational analog of torsion loop spacetime. Since no vorticity in the fluids is considered we do not make explicit use of non-Riemannian geometry of vortex acoustics in classical fluids. Acoustic nonradial flows are shown to exihibit a full analogy with torsion loop metric.

Abstract:
How to detect spacetime torsion? In this essay we provide the theoretical basis for an answer to this question. Multipolar equations of motion for a very general class of gravitational theories with nonminimal coupling in spacetimes admitting torsion are given. Our findings provide a framework for the systematic testing of whole classes of theories with the help of extended test bodies. One surprising feature of nonminimal theories turns out to be their potential sensitivity to torsion of spacetime even in experiments with ordinary (not microstructured) test matter.

Abstract:
Vacuumless defects in space-times with torsion may be obtained from vacuum defects in spacetimes without torsion.This idea is applied to planar domain walls and global monopoles.In the case of domain walls exponentially decaying Higgs type potentials are obtained.In the case of global monopoles torsion string type singularities are obtained like the string singularities in Dirac monopoles.

Abstract:
We compute the corrections to the orbital Lense-Thirring effect (or frame-dragging) in the presence of spacetime torsion. We derive the equations of motion of a test body in the gravitational field of a rotating axisymmetric massive body, using the parametrized framework of Mao, Tegmark, Guth and Cabi. We calculate the secular variations of the longitudes of the node and of the pericenter. We also show how the LAser GEOdynamics Satellites (LAGEOS) can be used to constrain torsion parameters. We report the experimental constraints obtained using both the nodes and perigee measurements of the orbital Lense-Thirring effect. This makes LAGEOS and Gravity Probe B (GPB) complementary frame-dragging and torsion experiments, since they constrain three different combinations of torsion parameters.

Abstract:
Homogeneous isotropic models built in the framework of the Poincar\'e gauge theory of gravity (PGTG) based on general expression of gravitational Lagrangian without cosmological constant are analyzed. It is shown that the physical spacetime in the vacuum in the frame of PGTG can have the structure of flat de Sitter spacetime with torsion. Some physical consequences of obtained conclusion are discussed.

Abstract:
Orbifolding two-dimensional quantum field theories by a symmetry group can involve a choice of discrete torsion. We apply the general formalism of `orbifolding defects' to study and elucidate discrete torsion for topological field theories. In the case of Landau-Ginzburg models only the bulk sector had been studied previously, and we re-derive all known results. We also introduce the notion of `projective matrix factorisations', show how they naturally describe boundary and defect sectors, and we further illustrate the efficiency of the defect-based approach by explicitly computing RR charges. Roughly half of our results are not restricted to Landau-Ginzburg models but hold more generally, for any topological field theory. In particular we prove that for a pivotal bicategory, any two objects of its orbifold completion that have the same base are orbifold equivalent. Equivalently, from any orbifold theory (including those based on nonabelian groups) the original unorbifolded theory can be obtained by orbifolding via the `quantum symmetry defect'.

Abstract:
We report a search for new gravitational physics phenomena based on Einstein-Cartan theory of General Relativity including spacetime torsion. Starting from the parametrized torsion framework of Mao, Tegmark, Guth and Cabi, we analyze the motion of test bodies in the presence of torsion, and in particular we compute the corrections to the perihelion advance and to the orbital geodetic precession of a satellite. We describe the torsion field by means of three parameters, and we make use of the autoparallel trajectories, which in general may differ from geodesics when torsion is present. We derive the equations of motion of a test body in a spherically symmetric field, and the equations of motion of a satellite in the gravitational field of the Sun and the Earth. We calculate the secular variations of the longitudes of the node and of the pericenter of the satellite. The computed secular variations show how the corrections to the perihelion advance and to the orbital de Sitter effect depend on the torsion parameters. All computations are performed under the assumptions of weak field and slow motion. To test our predictions, we use the measurements of the Moon geodetic precession from lunar laser ranging data, and the measurements of Mercury's perihelion advance from planetary radar ranging data. These measurements are then used to constrain suitable linear combinations of the torsion parameters.

Abstract:
The geometrization of electrodynamics is obtained by performing the complex extension of the covariant derivative operator to include the Cartan torsion vector and applying this derivative to the Ginzburg-Landau equation of superfluids and Superconductors.It is shown that the introduction of torsion makes a shift in the symmetry breaking vacuum.Torsion loops are computed from geometrical phases outside the superconductor.Inside the superconductor the torsion vanishes which represents the Meissner effect for torsion geometry. Torsion in general equals the London supercurrent.It is possible to place a limit on the size of superconductor needed to give an estimate to torsion.

Abstract:
Whether torsion plays or not a role in the description of the gravitational interaction is a problem that can only be solved by experiment. This is, however, a difficult task: since there are different possible interpretations for torsion, there is no a model-independent way to look for it. In these notes, two different possibilities will be reviewed, their consistency analyzed, and the corresponding experimental outputs briefly discussed.

Abstract:
In the framework of the spacetime with torsion, we obtain the flavor evolution equation of the mass neutrino oscillation in vacuum. A comparison with the result of general relativity case, it shows that the flavor evolutionary equations in Riemann spacetime and Weitzenb\"ock spacetimes are equivalent in the spherical symmetric Schwarzschild spacetime, but turns out to be different in the case of the axial symmetry.