Abstract:
In a recent article Hasenfratz and von Allmen have suggested a fixed point action for two flavors of Weyl fermions on the lattice with gauge group SU(2). The block-spin transformation they use maps the chiral and vector symmetries of the underlying vector theory onto two equations of the Ginsparg-Wilson (GW) type. We show that an overlap Dirac operator can be constructed which solves both GW equations simultaneously. We discuss the properties of this overlap operator and its projection onto lattice Weyl fermions which seems to be free of artefacts, in particular the projection operators are independent of the gauge field.

Abstract:
Nielsen-Ninomiya theorem forbids Weyl fermions on the lattice which respect the full hypercubic symmetry. By giving up this assumption in a specific way, it is possible to formulate a lattice theory with a single Weyl fermion in four dimensions and a sextet of Dirac particles in two dimensions. This way, the meaning of the theorem in relation to the doubling problem on the lattice is clarified. Whether the proposal will be suited for future lattice computations will depend on the effects the extra particles will have in the interacting theory.

Abstract:
We demonstrate that in the topologically trivial gauge sector the Ginsparg-Wilson relation for lattice Dirac operators admits an exactly gauge invariant path integral formulation of the Weyl fermions on a lattice.

Abstract:
Weyl fermions, which are fermions with definite chiralities, can give rise to anomalous breaking of the symmetry of the physical system which they are a part of. In their (3+1)-dimensional realizations in condensed matter systems, i.e., the so-called Weyl semimetals, this anomaly gives rise to topological electromagnetic response of magnetic fluctuations, which takes the form of non-local interaction between magnetic fluctuations and electromagnetic fields. We study the physical consequences of this non-local interaction, including electric field assisted magnetization dynamics, an extra gapless magnon dispersion, and polariton behaviors that feature "sibling" bands in small magnetic fields.

Abstract:
The electron, discovered by Thomson by the end of the nineteenth century, was the first experimentally observed particle. The Weyl fermion, though theoretically predicted since a long time, was observed in a condensed matter environment in an experiment reported only a few weeks ago. Is there any linking thread connecting the first and the last observed fermion (quasi)particles? The answer is positive. By generalizing the method known as bosonization, the first time in its full complete form, for a spacetime with 3+1 dimensions, we are able to show that both electrons and Weyl fermions can be expressed in terms of the same boson field, namely the Kalb-Ramond anti-symmetric tensor gauge field. The bosonized form of the Weyl chiral currents lead to the angle-dependent magneto-conductance behavior observed in these systems.

Abstract:
By placing fermions only on the even sites of a lattice, one may halve the momentum spectrum and construct a theory without doublers. The interaction is nonlocal. The fermion propagator is not a sparse matrix, but because the unwanted fermionic states are absent from the formalism, it is 256 times smaller than the usual propagator.

Abstract:
Weyl semimetals (WSM) are topologically protected three dimensional materials whose low energy excitations are linearly dispersing massless Dirac fermions, possessing a non-trivial Berry curvature. Using semi-classical Boltzmann dynamics in the relaxation time approximation for a lattice model of time reversal (TR) symmetry broken WSM, we compute both magnetic field dependent and anomalous contributions to the Nernst coefficient. In addition to the magnetic field dependent Nernst response, which is present in both Dirac and Weyl semimetals, we show that, contrary to previous reports, the TR-broken WSM also has an anomalous Nernst response due to a non-vanishing Berry curvature. We also compute the thermal conductivities of a WSM in the Nernst (${\nabla T} \perp \mathbf{B}$) and the longitudinal (${\nabla T} \parallel \mathbf{B}$) set-up and confirm from our lattice model that in the parallel set-up, the Wiedemann-Franz law is violated between the longitudinal thermal and electrical conductivities due to chiral anomaly.

Abstract:
Non-centrosymmetric transition metal monopnictides are promising Weyl semimetals (WSMs) with exotic physical properties. Although chiral WSM states have been observed in TaAs and NbAs, there is no conclusive evidence on the existence of Weyl fermions in NbP. Here, we use angle dependent quantum oscillations to reveal that NbP has four pairs of unusually large Weyl fermion pockets in the kz=0 plane near the high symmetry points Sigma, dominating over the coexisting massive hole pockets and the previous reported WSM pockets in the kz=1.18pi/c plane. Such dominant WSM pockets are highly anisotropic in k-space and approaching the parabolic band top along the internode direction. The corresponding Fermi surface is consisting of helical Weyl fermions with unprecedented mobility of 1*10E7 cm2V-1s-1 at 1.5 K, well protected from defect backscattering by real spin conservation associated to the chiral Weyl nodes. Inter-pocket pumping of Weyl fermions with opposite helicity becomes feasible when the magnetic field and electric field are applied in parallel, manifested as robust chiral anomaly induced negative MR, another quantum signature of WSMs.

Abstract:
TaAs as one of the experimentally discovered topological Weyl semimetal has attracted intense interests recently. The ambient TaAs has two types of Weyl nodes which are not on the same energy level. As an effective way to tune lattice parameters and electronic interactions, high pressure is becoming a significant tool to explore new materials as well as their exotic states. Therefore, it is highly interesting to investigate the behaviors of topological Weyl fermions and possible structural phase transitions in TaAs under pressure. Here, with a combination of ab initio calculations and crystal structure prediction techniques, a new hexagonal P-6m2 phase is predicted in TaAs at pressure around 14 GPa. Surprisingly, this new phase is a topological semimetal with only single set of Weyl nodes exactly on the same energy level. The phase transition pressure from the experimental measurements, including electrical transport measurements and Raman spectroscopy, agrees with our theoretical prediction reasonably. Moreover, the P-6m2 phase seems to be quenched recoverable to ambient pressure, which increases the possibilities of further study on the exotic behaviors of single set of Weyl fermions, such as the interplay between surface states and other properties.