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Physics and the choice of regulators in functional renormalisation group flows  [PDF]
Jan M. Pawlowski,Michael M. Scherer,Richard Schmidt,Sebastian J. Wetzel
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The Renormalisation Group is a versatile tool for the study of many systems where scale-dependent behaviour is important. Its functional formulation can be cast into the form of an exact flow equation for the scale-dependent effective action in the presence of an infrared regularisation. The functional RG flow for the scale-dependent effective action depends explicitly on the choice of regulator, while the physics does not. In this work, we systematically investigate three key aspects of how the regulator choice affects RG flows: (i) We study flow trajectories along closed loops in the space of action functionals varying both, the regulator scale and shape function. Such a flow does not vanish in the presence of truncations. Based on a definition of the length of an RG trajectory, we suggest a practical procedure for devising optimised regularisation schemes within a truncation. (ii) In systems with various field variables, a choice of relative cutoff scales is required. At the example of relativistic bosonic two-field models, we study the impact of this choice as well as its truncation dependence. We show that a crossover between different universality classes can be induced and conclude that the relative cutoff scale has to be chosen carefully for a reliable description of a physical system. (iii) Non-relativistic continuum models of coupled fermionic and bosonic fields exhibit also dependencies on relative cutoff scales and regulator shapes. At the example of the Fermi polaron problem in three spatial dimensions, we illustrate such dependencies and show how they can be interpreted in physical terms.
Ising exponents from the functional renormalisation group  [PDF]
Daniel F. Litim,Dario Zappalá
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.085009
Abstract: We study the 3d Ising universality class using the functional renormalisation group. With the help of background fields and a derivative expansion up to fourth order we compute the leading index, the subleading symmetric and anti-symmetric corrections to scaling, the anomalous dimension, the scaling solution, and the eigenperturbations at criticality. We also study the cross-correlations of scaling exponents, and their dependence on dimensionality. We find a very good numerical convergence of the derivative expansion, also in comparison with earlier findings. Evaluating the data from all functional renormalisation group studies to date, we estimate the systematic error which is found to be small and in good agreement with findings from Monte Carlo simulations, \epsilon-expansion techniques, and resummed perturbation theory.
Functional renormalisation group for two-body scattering  [PDF]
Michael C. Birse
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.77.047001
Abstract: The functional renormalisation group is applied to the effective action for scattering of two nonrelativistic fermions. The resulting physical effective action is shown to contain the correct threshold singularity. The corresponding "bare" action respects Galilean invariance up to second order in momenta. Beyond that order it contains terms that violate this symmetry and, for the particular regulator considered, nonanalytic third-order terms. The corresponding potential can be expanded around a nontrivial fixed point using the power counting appropriate to a system with large scattering length.
Pairing in Asymmetric Many-Fermion Systems: Functional Renormalisation Group Approach  [PDF]
Boris Krippa
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2015.03.057
Abstract: Functional renormalisation group approach is applied to a imbalanced many- fermion system with a short-range attractive force. Composite boson field is introduced to describe the pairing between different flavour fermions. A set of approximate flow equations for the effective couplings is derived and solved. We identify the critical values of mass and particle number density mismatch when the system undergoes a phase transition to a normal state and determine the phase diagram both at unitary regime and nearby.
Four-boson bound states from a functional renormalisation group  [PDF]
Benjamin Jaramillo Avila,Michael C. Birse
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.023601
Abstract: We use the functional renormalisation group to study the spectrum of three- and four-body states in bosonic systems around the unitary limit. Our effective action includes all energy-independent contact interactions in the four-atom sector and we introduce a running trimer field to eliminate couplings that involve the atom-atom-dimer channel. The results show qualitatively similar behaviour to those from exact approaches. The truncated action we use leads to overbinding of the two four-body states seen in those treatments. It also generates a third state, although only for a very narrow range of two-body scattering lengths.
Functional Renormalisation Group analysis of a Tensorial Group Field Theory on $\mathbb{R}^3$  [PDF]
Joseph Ben Geloun,Riccardo Martini,Daniele Oriti
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/112/31001
Abstract: We study a model of Tensorial Group Field Theory (TGFT) on $\mathbb{R}^3$ from the point of view of the Functional Renormalisation Group. This is the first attempt to apply a renormalisation procedure to a TGFT model defined over a non-compact group manifold. IR divergences (with respect to the metric on $\mathbb{R}$) coming from the non-compactness of the group are regularised via compactification, and a thermodynamic limit is then taken. We identify then IR and UV fixed points of the RG flow and find strong hints of a phase transition of the TGFT system from a symmetric to a broken or condensate phase in the IR.
Hierarchical Parallelisation of Functional Renormalisation Group Calculations -- hp-fRG  [PDF]
Daniel Rohe
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The functional renormalisation group (fRG) has become a powerful and widely used method to study correlated electron systems. This often involves a high numerical effort, motivating the question in how far High Performance Computing (HPC) platforms can leverage the approach. In this work we report on a multi-level parallelisation of the underlying computational machinery and show that this can speed up the code by several orders of magnitude. This in turn can extend the applicability of the method to otherwise inaccessible cases. We exploit three levels of parallelisation: Distributed computing by means of Message Passing (MPI), shared-memory computing using OpenMP, and vectorisation by means of SIMD units (single-instruction-multiple-data). Results are provided for two distinct High Performance Computing (HPC) platforms, namely the IBM-based BlueGene/Q system JUQUEEN and an Intel Sandy-Bridge-based development cluster. We discuss how certain issues and obstacles were overcome in the course of adapting the code. Most importantly, we conclude that this vast improvement can actually be accomplished by introducing only moderate changes to the code, such that this strategy may serve as a guideline for other researcher to likewise improve the efficiency of their codes.
Functional Renormalisation Group Approach for Tensorial Group Field Theory: a Rank-3 Model  [PDF]
Dario Benedetti,Joseph Ben Geloun,Daniele Oriti
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2015)084
Abstract: We set up the Functional Renormalisation Group formalism for Tensorial Group Field Theory in full generality. We then apply it to a rank-3 model over U(1) x U(1) x U(1), endowed with a linear kinetic term and nonlocal interactions. The system of FRG equations turns out to be non-autonomous in the RG flow parameter. This feature is explained by the existence of a hidden scale, the radius of the group manifold. We investigate in detail the opposite regimes of large cut-off (UV) and small cut-off (IR) of the FRG equations, where the system becomes autonomous, and we find, in both case, Gaussian and non-Gaussian fixed points. We derive and interpret the critical exponents and flow diagrams associated with these fixed points, and discuss how the UV and IR regimes are matched at finite N. Finally, we discuss the evidence for a phase transition from a symmetric phase to a broken or condensed phase, from an RG perspective, finding that this seems to exist only in the approximate regime of very large radius of the group manifold, as to be expected for systems on compact manifolds.
Functional renormalisation group for few-nucleon systems: SU(4) symmetry and its breaking  [PDF]
Michael C. Birse,Boris Krippa,Niels R. Walet
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.87.054001
Abstract: We apply the functional renormalisation group to few-nucleon systems. Our starting point is a local effective action that includes three- and four-nucleon interactions, expressed in terms of nucleon and two-nucleon boson fields. The evolution of the coupling constants in this action is described by a renormalisation group flow. We derive these flow equations both in the limit of exact Wigner SU(4) symmetry and in the realistic case of broken symmetry. In the symmetric limit we find that the renormalisation flow equations decouple, and can be combined into two sets, one of which matches the known results for bosons, and the other result matches the one for fermions with spin degrees only. The equations show universal features in the unitary limit, which is obtained when the two-body scattering length tends to infinity. We calculate the spin-quartet neutron-deuteron scattering length and the deuteron-deuteron scattering lengths in the spin-singlet and quintet channels.
Functional renormalisation group approach to far-from-equilibrium quantum field dynamics
Gasenzer, Thomas;Pawlowski, Jan M.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2008.10.049
Abstract: Dynamic equations for quantum fields far from equilibrium are derived by use of functional renormalisation group techniques. The obtained equations are non-perturbative and lead substantially beyond mean-field and quantum Boltzmann type approximations. The approach is based on a regularised version of the generating functional for correlation functions where times greater than a chosen cutoff time are suppressed. As a central result, a time evolution equation for the non-equilibrium effective action is derived, and the time-evolution of the Green functions is computed within a vertex expansion. It is shown that this agrees with the dynamics derived from the 1/N-expansion of the two-particle irreducible effective action.
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