Abstract:
We study multipartite correlations and non-locality in an isotropic Ising ring under transverse magnetic field at both zero and finite temperature. We highlight parity-induced differences between the multipartite Bell-like functions used in order to quantify the degree of non-locality within a ring state and reveal a mechanism for the passive protection of multipartite quantum correlations against thermal spoiling effects that is clearly related to the macroscopic properties of the ring model.

Abstract:
We introduce three non-local observables for the two-dimensional Ising model. At criticality, conformal field theory may be used to obtain theoretical predictions for their behavior. These formulae are explicit enough to show that their asymptotics are described by highest weights $h_{pq}$ from the Kac table for c=1/2 distinct from those of the three unitary representations (0, 1/16 and 1/2).

Abstract:
We investigate and contrast, via entropic sampling based on the Wang-Landau algorithm, the effects of quenched bond randomness on the critical behavior of two Ising spin models in 2D. The random bond version of the superantiferromagnetic (SAF) square model with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor competing interactions and the corresponding version of the simple Ising model are studied and their general universality aspects are inspected by a detailed finite-size scaling (FSS) analysis. We find that, the random bond SAF model obeys weak universality, hyperscaling, and exhibits a strong saturating behavior of the specific heat due to the competing nature of interactions. On the other hand, for the random Ising model we encounter some difficulties for a definite discrimination between the two well-known scenarios of the logarithmic corrections versus the weak universality. Yet, a careful FSS analysis of our data favors the field-theoretically predicted logarithmic corrections.

Abstract:
We present a mathematical proof of theoretical predictions made by Arguin and Saint-Aubin, as well as by Bauer, Bernard, and Kytola, about certain non-local observables for the two-dimensional Ising model at criticality by combining Smirnov's recent proof of the fact that the scaling limit of critical Ising interfaces can be described by chordal SLE(3) with Kozdron and Lawler's configurational measure on mutually avoiding chordal SLE paths. As an extension of this result, we also compute the probability that an SLE(k) path, k in (0,4], and a Brownian motion excursion do not intersect.

Abstract:
The controversy between relativistic causality and quantum non-locality can be resolved by establishing the general relativistic background of quantum non-locality.

Abstract:
Two parts of an entangled quantum state can have a correlation in their joint behavior under measurements that is unexplainable by shared classical information. Such correlations are called non-local and have proven to be an interesting resource for information processing. Since non-local correlations are more useful if they are stronger, it is natural to ask whether weak non-locality can be amplified. We give an affirmative answer by presenting the first protocol for distilling non-locality in the framework of generalized non-signaling theories. Our protocol works for both quantum and non-quantum correlations. This shows that in many contexts, the extent to which a single instance of a correlation can violate a CHSH inequality is not a good measure for the usefulness of non-locality. A more meaningful measure follows from our results.

Abstract:
We investigate non-locality distillation using measures of non-locality based on the Elitzur-Popescu-Rohrlich decomposition. For a certain number of copies of a given non-local correlation, we define two quantities of interest: (i) the non-local cost, and (ii) the distillable non-locality. We find that there exist correlations whose distillable non-locality is strictly smaller than their non-local cost. Thus non-locality displays a form of irreversibility which we term bound non-locality. Finally we show that non-local distillability can be activated.

Abstract:
We study the thermodynamical observables of the 2d Ising model in the neighborhood of the magnetic axis by means of numerical diagonalization of the transfer matrix. In particular, we estimate the leading order corrections to the Zamolodchikov mass spectrum and find evidence of non-vanishing contributions due to the stress-energy tensor.

Abstract:
Non-perturbative approaches to quantum gravity call for a deep understanding of the emergence of geometry and locality from the quantum state of the gravitational field. Without background geometry, the notion of distance should entirely emerge from the correlations between the gravity fluctuations. In the context of loop quantum gravity, quantum states of geometry are defined as spin networks. These are graphs decorated with spin and intertwiners, which represent quantized excitations of areas and volumes of the space geometry. Here, we develop the condensed matter point of view on extracting the physical and geometrical information out of spin network states: we introduce new Ising spin network states, both in 2d on a square lattice and in 3d on a hexagonal lattice, whose correlations map onto the usual Ising model in statistical physics. We construct these states from the basic holonomy operators of loop gravity and derive a set of local Hamiltonian constraints which entirely characterize our states. We discuss their phase diagram and show how the distance can be reconstructed from the correlations in the various phases. Finally, we propose generalizations of these Ising states, which open the perspective to study the coarse graining and dynamics of spin network states using well-known condensed matter techniques and results.

Abstract:
Ever since the work of Bell, it has been known that entangled quantum states can rise non-local correlations. However, for almost forty years, it has been assumed that the most non-local states would be the maximally entangled ones. Surprisingly it is not the case: non-maximally entangled states are generally more non-local than maximally entangled states for all the measures of non-locality proposed to date: Bell inequalities, the Kullback-Leibler distance, entanglement simulation with communication or with non-local boxes, the detection loophole and efficiency of cryptography. In fact, one can even find simple examples in low dimensions, confirming that it is not an artefact of a specifically constructed Hilbert space or topology. This anomaly shows that entanglement and non-locality are not only different concepts, but also truly different resources. We review the present knowledge on this anomaly, point out that Hardy's theorem has the same feature, and discuss the perspectives opened by these discoveries.