Abstract:
In this note we explain the relationship of the Wodzicki residue of (certain powers of) an elliptic differential operator $P$\ acting on sections of a complex vector bundle $E$\ over a closed compact manifold $M$\ and the asymptotic expansion of the trace of the corresponding heat operator $e^{-tP}$. In the special case of a generalized laplacian $\triangle$\ and ${{\rm dim}\;M > 2}$, we thereby obtain a simple proof of the fact already shown in [KW], that the Wodzicki residue $res(\triangle^{-{n\over 2}+1} )$\ is the integral of the second coefficient of the heat kernel expansion of $\triangle$\ up to a proportional factor.

Abstract:
For compact real manifolds, a new double conformal invariant is constructed using the Wodzicki residue and the $d$ operator in the framework of Connes. In the flat case, we compute this double conformal invariant, and in some special cases, we also compute this double conformal invariants. For complex manifolds, a new double conformal invariant is constructed using the Wodzicki residue and the $\bar{\partial}$ operator in the same way, and this double conformal invariant is computed in the flat case.

Abstract:
For a pseudodifferential operator $S$ of order 0 acting on sections of a vector bundle $B$ on a compact manifold $M$ without boundary, we associate a differential form of order dimension of $M$ acting on $C^\infty(M)\times C^\infty(M)$. This differential form $\Omega_{n,S}$ is given in terms of the Wodzicki 1-density $\wres([S,f][S,h])$. In the particular case of an even dimensional, compact, conformal manifold without boundary, we study this differential form for the case $(B,S)=(\cH,F)$, that is, the Fredholm module associated by A. Connes to the manifold $M.$ We give its explicit expression in the flat case and then we address the general case.

Abstract:
We derive an action for gravity in the framework of non-commutative geometry by using the Wodzicki residue. We prove that for a Dirac operator $D$ on an $n$ dimensional compact Riemannian manifold with $n\geq 4$, $n$ even, the Wodzicki residue Res$(D^{-n+2})$ is the integral of the second coefficient of the heat kernel expansion of $D^{2}$. We use this result to derive a gravity action for commutative geometry which is the usual Einstein Hilbert action and we also apply our results to a non-commutative extension which, is given by the tensor product of the algebra of smooth functions on a manifold and a finite dimensional matrix algebra. In this case we obtain gravity with a cosmological constant.

Abstract:
We define the Wodzicki Residue TR(A) for A in a space of operators with double order (m_1,m_2). Such operators are globally defined initially on R^n and then, more generally, on a class of non-compact manifolds, namely, the manifolds with cylindrical ends. The definition is based on the analysis of the associate zeta function. Using this approach, under suitable ellipticity assumptions, we also compute a two terms leading part of the Weyl formula for a positive selfadjoint operator belonging the mentioned class in the case m_1=m_2.

Abstract:
We compute the Wodzicki residue of the inverse of a conformally rescaled Laplace operator over a 4-dimensional noncommutative torus. We show that the straightforward generalization of the Laplace-Beltrami operator to the noncommutative case is not the minimal operator.

Abstract:
In [3], Connes found a conformal invariant using Wodzicki's 1-density and computed it in the case of 4-dimensional manifold without boundary. In [14], Ugalde generalized the Connes' result to $n$-dimensional manifold without boundary. In this paper, we generalize the results of [3] and [14] to the case of manifolds with boundary.

Abstract:
For an even dimensional, compact, conformal manifold without boundary we construct a conformally invariant differential operator of order the dimension of the manifold. In the conformally flat case, this operator coincides with the critical {\sf GJMS} operator of Graham-Jenne-Mason-Sparling. We use the Wodzicki residue of a pseudo-differential operator of order $-2,$ originally defined by A. Connes, acting on middle dimension forms.

Abstract:
The multiplicative anomaly associated with the zeta-function regularized determinant is computed for the Laplace-type operators $L_1=-\lap+V_1$ and $L_2=-\lap+V_2$, with $V_1$, $V_2$ constant, in a D-dimensional compact smooth manifold $ M_D$, making use of several results due to Wodzicki and by direct calculations in some explicit examples. It is found that the multiplicative anomaly is vanishing for $D$ odd and for D=2. An application to the one-loop effective potential of the O(2) self-interacting scalar model is outlined.

Abstract:
Hecke algebras are usually defined algebraically, via generators and relations. We give a new algebro-geometric construction of affine and double-affine Hecke algebras (the former is known as the Iwahori-Hecke algebra, and the latter was introduced by Cherednik [Ch1]). More generally, to any generalized Cartan matrix A and a point q in a 1-dimensional complex algebraic group \c we associate an associative algebra H. If A is of finite type and \c=C^*, the algebra H is the affine Hecke algebra of the corresponding finite root system. If A is of affine type and \c=C^* then H is, essentially, the Cherednik algebra. The case \c=C corresponds to `degenerate' counterparts of the above objects cosidered by Drinfeld [Dr] and Lusztig [L2]. Finally, taking \c to be an elliptic curve one gets some new elliptic analogues of the affine Hecke algebra.