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The Nucleon's Antiquark Sea: A Virtual Meson Cloud or Gluons?  [PDF]
W. Koepf,L. L. Frankfurt,M. Strikman
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: We study the possible contribution of the nucleon's virtual meson cloud to the sea quark distribution as observed in deep inelastic lepton scattering. We adjust the meson-nucleon cut-offs to the large-x tails of the antiquark distributions, find qualitatively different behavior in the flavor singlet and non-singlet channels and study the scale dependence of our results. We demonstrate that, within convolution models, to reproduce the sea quark distribution the relevant pion momenta should be around 0.8 GeV.
Quark-antiquark correlation in the pion  [PDF]
J. P. B. C de Melo,T. Frederico,Lauro Tomio,A. E. Dorokhov
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0375-9474(97)00397-7
Abstract: The electromagnetic tensor for inclusive electron scattering off the pion, ($W^{\mu\nu}$), for momentum transfers such that $q^+=0$, ($q^+=q^0+q^3$) is shown to obey a sum-rule for the component $W^{++}$. From this sum-rule, one can define the quark-antiquark correlation function in the pion, which characterizes the transverse distance distribution between the quark and antiquark in the light-front pion wave-function. Within the realistic models of the relativistic pion wave function (including instanton vacuum inspired wave function) it is shown that the value of the two-quark correlation radius ($r_{q\bar q}$) is near twice the pion electromagnetic radius ($r_{\pi}$), where $r_{\pi} \approx 2/3$ fm. We also define the correlation length $l_{corr}$ where the two - particle correlation have an extremum. The estimation of $l_{corr}\approx 0.3 - 0.5$ fm is very close to estimations from instanton models of QCD vacuum. It is also shown that the above correlation is very sensitive to the pion light-front wave-function models.
Quark-antiquark Scattering Phase Shift and Meson Spectral Function in Pion Superfluid  [PDF]
Tao Xia,Pengfei Zhuang
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We study the quark-antiquark scattering phase shift and meson spectral function in the pion superfluid described by the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. The meson mixing in the pion superfluid changes dramatically the full scattering phase shift and spreads strongly the spectral function of some of the collective modes.
Invariant mass distributions for heavy quark-antiquark pairs in deep inelastic electroproduction  [PDF]
B. W. Harris,J. Smith
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00571-2
Abstract: We have completed the ${\cal O}(\alpha_s)$ QCD corrections to exclusive heavy quark-antiquark distributions in deep inelastic electroproduction and present here the differential distributions in the masses of charm-anticharm and bottom-antibottom pairs at the electron-proton collider HERA.
Pion-Pion Phase-Shifts and the Value of Quark-Antiquark Condensate in the Chiral Limit  [PDF]
Isabela P. Cavalcante,J. Sá Borges
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.63.114022
Abstract: We use low energy pion-pion phase-shifts in order to make distinction between the alternatives for the value of the quark-antiquark condensate $B_0$ in the chiral limit. We will consider the amplitude up to and including ${\cal O}(p^4)$ contributions within the Standard and Generalized Chiral Perturbation Theory frameworks. They are unitarized by means of Pad\'e approximants in order to fit experimental phase-shifts in the resonance region. As the best fits correspond to $\alpha = \beta = 1$, we conclude that pion-pion phase-shift analysis favors the standard ChPT scenario, which assumes just one, large leading order parameter $<\bar q q >_{_0}$.
Non-zero transversity distribution of the pion in a quark-spectator-antiquark model  [PDF]
Zhun Lu,Bo-Qiang Ma
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.70.094044
Abstract: We calculate the non-zero (na\"{i}ve) T-odd transverse momentum dependent transversity distribution $h_1^{\perp}(x,\kp^2)$ of the pion in a quark-spectator-antiquark model. The final-state interaction is modelled by the approximation of one gluon exchange between the quark and the antiquark spectator. Using our model result we estimate the unsuppressed cos2$\phi$ azimuthal asymmetry in unpolarized $\pi^-p$ Drell-Yan process. We find that the transverse momentum dependence of $h_1^{\perp}(x,\kp^2)$ of the pion is the same as that of $h_1^{\perp}(x,\kp^2)$ of the proton calculated from the quark-scalar-diquark model, although the $x$ dependencies of them are different from each other. This suggests a connection between cos2$\phi$ asymmetries in Drell-Yan processes with different initial hadrons.
Studying pion effects in the quark propagator
Nickel, Dominik;Fischer, Christian S.;Wambach, Jochen
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2007.12.045
Abstract: Within the framework of Schwinger-Dyson and Bethe-Salpeter equations we investigate the importance of pions for the quark-gluon interaction. To this end we choose a truncation for the quark-gluon vertex that includes intermediate pion degrees of freedom and adjust the interaction such that unquenched lattice results for various current quark masses are reproduced. The corresponding Bethe-Salpeter kernel is constructed from constraints by chiral symmetry. After extrapolation to the physical point we find a considerable contribution of the pion back reaction to the quark mass function as well as to the chiral condensate. The quark wave function is less affected.
Decay constant of pion in the quark model  [PDF]
Obid Juraev,Tulkun Nasyrov
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: To describe pion as a bound state of two quark, when their current masses are non equal to zero, is considered. In the framefowrk of the potential approximate the Schwinger-Dyson and Bethe-Salpeter equations are solved. The quark-antiquark interaction as sum of the oscillator and Coulomb potential is chosen. The mass and constant of pion are calculated.
Chiral Symmetry Breaking and Pion Wave Function  [PDF]
H. Mishra,S. P. Misra
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.48.5376
Abstract: We consider here chiral symmetry breaking through nontrivial vacuum structure with quark antiquark condensates. We then relate the condensate function to the wave function of pion as a Goldstone mode. This simultaneously yields the pion also as a quark antiquark bound state as a localised zero mode in vacuum. We illustrate the above with Nambu Jona-Lasinio model to calculate different pionic properties in terms of the vacuum structure for breaking of exact or approximate chiral symmetry, as well as the condensate fluctuations giving rise to $\sigma$ mesons.
Significance of Single Pion Exchange Inelastic Final State Interaction for D->VP Processes  [PDF]
X. Q. Li,B. S. Zou
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)00308-0
Abstract: We evaluate the contribution of the final state interaction (FSI) due to single pion exchange inelastic scattering for $D^+\rightarrow \bar {K}^{0*}\pi^+$ and $D^+\rightarrow \bar K^0\rho^+$ processes. The effects are found to be very significant. The hadronic matrix elements of the weak transition are calculated in terms of the heavy quark effective theory (HQET), so are less model-dependent and more reliable.
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