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Naked Singularities in Spherically Symmetric, Self-Similar Spacetimes  [PDF]
Sanjay M. Wagh,Keshlan S. Govinder
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: We show that all known naked singularities in spherically symmetric self-similar spacetimes arise as a result of singular initial matter distribution. This is a result of the peculiarity of the coordinate transformation that takes these spacetimes into a separable form. Therefore, these examples of naked singularities are of no apparent consequence to astrophysical observations or theories.
On the causal characterization of singularities in spherically symmetric spacetimes  [PDF]
Francesc Fayos,Ramon Torres
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/28/21/215023
Abstract: The causal character of the zero-areal-radius (R=0) singularity in spherically symmetric spacetimes is studied. By using the techniques of the qualitative behaviour of dynamic systems, we are able to present the most comprehensive scheme so far to try to find out their causal characterization, taking into account and analyzing, the possible limitations of the approach. We show that, with this approach, the knowledge of the scalar invariant $m\equiv R(1-g^{\mu\nu}\partial_\mu R\partial_\nu R)/2$ suffices to characterize the singularity. We apply our results to the study of the outcome of Black Hole evaporation and show different possibilities. In this way, we find that a persistent naked singularity could develop in the final stages of the evaporation and we show its distinctive features. Likewise, we study the options for the generation of naked singularities in the collapse of an object (such as a star) as a means of violating the cosmic censorship conjecture.
Newtonian analogue of static general relativistic spacetimes: An extension to naked singularities  [PDF]
Shubhrangshu Ghosh,Tamal Sarkar,Arunava Bhadra
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.083010
Abstract: We formulate a generic Newtonian like analogous potential for static spherically symmetric general relativistic (GR) spacetime, and subsequently derived proper Newtonian like analogous potential corresponding to Janis-Newman-Winicour (JNW) and Reissner-Nordstr\"{o}m (RN) spacetimes, both exhibiting naked singularities. The derived potentials found to reproduce the entire GR features including the orbital dynamics of the test particle motion and the orbital trajectories, with precise accuracy. The nature of the particle orbital dynamics including their trajectory profiles in JNW and RN geometries show altogether different behavior with distinctive traits as compared to the nature of particle dynamics in Schwarzschild geometry. Exploiting the Newtonian like analogous potentials, we found that the radiative efficiency of a geometrically thin and optically thick Keplerian accretion disk around naked singularities corresponding to both JNW and RN geometries, in general, is always higher than that for Schwarzschild geometry. The derived potentials would thus be useful to study astrophysical processes, especially to investigate more complex accretion phenomena in AGNs or in XRBs in the presence of naked singularities and thereby exploring any noticeable differences in their observational features from those in the presence of BHs to ascertain outstanding debatable issues relating to gravity - whether the end state of gravitational collapse in our physical Universe renders black hole (BH) or naked singularity.
Quantum singularities in spherically symmetric, conformally static spacetimes  [PDF]
T. M. Helliwell,D. A. Konkowski
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.104041
Abstract: A definition of quantum singularity for the case of static spacetimes has recently been extended to conformally static spacetimes. Here the theory behind quantum singularities in conformally static spacetimes is reviewed, and then applied to a class of spherically symmetric, conformally static spacetimes, including as special cases those studied by Roberts, by Fonarev, and by Husain, Martinez, and N\'u\~nez. We use solutions of the generally coupled, massless Klein-Gordon equation as test fields. In this way we find the ranges of metric parameters and coupling coefficients for which classical timelike singularities in these spacetimes are healed quantum mechanically.
On the invariant causal characterization of singularities in spherically symmetric spacetimes  [PDF]
Francesc Fayos,Ramon Torres
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/29/9/095019
Abstract: The causal character of singularities is often studied in relation to the existence of naked singularities and the subsequent possible violation of the cosmic censorship conjecture. Generally one constructs a model in the framework of General Relativity described in some specific coordinates and finds an ad hoc procedure to analyze the character of the singularity. In this article we show that the causal character of the zero-areal-radius (R=0) singularity in spherically symmetric models is related with some specific invariants. In this way, if some assumptions are satisfied, one can ascertain the causal character of the singularity algorithmically through the computation of these invariants and, therefore, independently of the coordinates used in the model.
Global visibility of naked singularities  [PDF]
R. Giambo'
Mathematics , 2006, DOI: 10.1063/1.2167919
Abstract: Global visibility of naked singularities is analyzed here for a class of spherically symmetric spacetimes, extending previous studies - limited to inhomogeneous dust cloud collapse - to more physical valid situations in which pressures are non-vanishing. Existence of nonradial geodesics escaping from the singularity is shown, and the observability of the singularity from far-away observers is discussed.
Charged null fluid collapse in anti-de Sitter spacetimes and naked singularities  [PDF]
S. G. Ghosh
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.62.127505
Abstract: We investigate the occurrence of naked singularities in the spherically symmetric, plane symmetric and cylindrically symmetric collapse of charged null fluid in an anti-de Sitter background. The naked singularities are found to be strong in Tipler's sense and thus violate the cosmic censorship conjecture, but not hoop conjecture.
Initial data giving rise to naked singularities in spherically symmetric dust collapse  [PDF]
Néstor Ortiz
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4748533
Abstract: The phase space corresponding to a particular four-parameter family of initial data for the gravitational collapse of a spherically symmetric dust cloud is investigated. In a certain limit of the parameters, this family reproduces the case of homogenous mass density -constant mass distribution- and zero initial velocity, while in another limit, it generates a globally naked singularity. We show that for initial data characterizing flat density profiles, as well as large initial velocities, the probability of forming a globally naked singularity is low.
Naked shell singularities on the brane  [PDF]
Sanjeev S. Seahra
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.71.084020
Abstract: By utilizing non-standard slicings of 5-dimensional Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-AdS manifolds based on isotropic coordinates, we generate static and spherically symmetric braneworld spacetimes containing shell-like naked null singularities. For planar slicings, we find that the brane-matter sourcing the solution is a perfect fluid with an exotic equation of state and a pressure singularity where the brane crosses the bulk horizon. From a relativistic point of view, such a singularity is required to maintain matter infinitesimally above the surface of a black hole. From the point of view of the AdS/CFT conjecture, the singular horizon can be seen as one possible quantum correction to a classical black hole geometry. Various generalizations of planar slicings are also considered for a Ricci-flat bulk, and we find that singular horizons and exotic matter distributions are common features.
Quantum probes of timelike naked singularities in $2+1-$ dimensional power - law spacetimes  [PDF]
O. Gurtug,M. Halilsoy,S. Habib Mazharimousavi
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2015/684731
Abstract: The formation of naked singularities in $2+1-$ dimensional power - law spacetimes in linear Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-scalar theories sourced by azimuthally symmetric electric field and a self-interacting real scalar field respectively, are considered in view of quantum mechanics. Quantum test fields obeying the Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations are used to probe the classical timelike naked singularities developed at $r=0$. We show that when the classically singular spacetimes probed with scalar waves, the considered spacetimes remains singular. However, the spinorial wave probe of the singularity in the metric of a self-interacting real scalar field remains quantum regular. The notable outcome in this study is that the quantum regularity/singularity can not be associated with the energy conditions.
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