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Physics of W bosons at LEP  [PDF]
Salvatore Mele
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.physrep.2004.08.017
Abstract: The high-energy and high-luminosity data-taking campaigns of the LEP e^+e^- collider provided the four collaborations, ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL, with about 50000 W-boson pairs and about a thousand singly-produced W bosons. This unique data sample has an unprecedented reach in probing some aspects of the Standard Model of the electroweak interactions, and this article reviews several achievements in the understanding of W-boson physics at LEP. The measurements of the cross sections for W-boson production are discussed, together with their implication on the existence of the coupling between Z and W bosons. The precision measurements of the magnitude of triple gauge-boson couplings are presented. The observation of the longitudinal helicity component of the W-boson spin, related to the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking, is described together with the techniques used to probe the CP and CPT symmetries in the W-boson system. A discussion on the intricacies of the measurement of the mass of the W boson, whose knowledge is indispensable to test the internal consistency of the Standard Model and estimate the mass of the Higgs boson, concludes this review.
Anomalous Couplings in e^+ e^- --> W^+ W^- gamma at LEP2 and NLC  [PDF]
F. de Campos,S. M. Lietti,S. F. Novaes,R. Rosenfeld
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.56.4384
Abstract: We present sensitivity limits on the coefficients of a dimension-6 effective Lagrangian that parametrizes the possible effects of new physics beyond the Standard Model. Our results are based on the study of the process $e^+ e^- \to W^+ W^- \gamma$ at LEP2 and NLC energies. In our calculations, we include all the new anomalous interactions, involving vector and Higgs bosons, and take into account the Standard Model irreducible background. We analyse the impact of these new interactions on the total cross section, including the effects of the initial electron and final W polarizations. We then focus on the operators that will not be constrained by the $e^+ e^- \to W^+ W^-$ process, obtaining limits based on the photon energy distribution.
Electroweak Physics at LEP2  [PDF]
Paolo Azzurri
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: The measurements resulting from the analysis of the LEP2 data have brought more strong evidence in support of the standard electroweak model. In particular the LEP2 data has revealed (i) the first determination of the SU(2) gauge bosons self-couplings, (ii) the first direct measurements of the W decay-couplings, and (iii) the current best direct measurement of the W mass.
Higgs Physics at LEP2  [PDF]
M. Carena,P. Zerwas,E. Accomando,P. Bagnaia,A. Ballestrero,P. Bambade,D. Bardin,F. Berends,J. van der Bij,T. Binoth,G. Burkart,F. de Campos,R. Contri,G. Crosetti,J. Cuevas Maestro,A. Dabelstein,W. de Boer,C. de StJean,F. Di Lodovico,A. Djouadi,V. Driesen,M. Dubinin,E. Duchovni,O. J. P. Eboli,R. Ehret,U. Ellwanger,J. -P. Ernenwein,J. -R. Espinosa,R. Faccini,M. Felcini,R. Folman,H. Genten,J. -F. Grivaz,E. Gross,J. Guy,H. Haber,Cs. Hajdu,S. W. Ham,R. Hempfling,A. Hoang,W. Hollik,S. Hoorelbeke,K. Hultqvist,P. Igo-Kemenes,P. Janot,S. de Jong,U. Jost,J. Kalinowski,S. Katsanevas,R. Ker?nen,W. Kilian,B. R. Kim,S. F. King,R. Kleiss,B. A. Kniehl,M. Kr?mer,A. Leike,E. Lund,V. Lund,P. Lutz,J. Marco,C. Mariotti,J. -P. Martin,C. Martinez-Rivero,G. Mikenberg,M. R. Monge,G. Montagna,O. Nicrosini,S. K. Oh,P. Ohmann,G. Passarino,F. Piccinini,R. Pittau,T. Plehn,M. Quiros,M. Rausch de Traubenberg,T. Riemann,J. Rosiek,V. Ruhlmann-Kleider,C. A. Savoy,P. Sherwood,S. Shichanin,R. Silvestre,A. Sopczak,M. Spira,J. W. F. Valle,D. Vilanova,C. E. M. Wagner,P. L. White,T. Wlodek,G. Wolf,S. Yamashita,F. Zwirner
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: In this report we review the prospects for Higgs physics at LEP2. The theoretical aspects and the phenomenology of Higgs particles are discussed within the Standard Model (SM) and the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). The experimental search techniques are described and the discovery limits for Higgs bosons in the LEP2 energy range are summarized. In addition, opportunities of detecting Higgs particles in non-minimal extensions of the SM and the MSSM are investigated.
Report of the Working Group on `W Mass and QCD' (Phenomenology Workshop on LEP2 Physics, Oxford, April 1997)  [PDF]
A. Ballestrero,D. G. Charlton,G. Cowan,P. Dornan,R. Edgecock,J. Ellis,E. W. N. Glover,C. Hawkes,H. Hwang,R. Jones,V. Kartvelishvili,Z. Kunszt,E. Maina,D. J. Miller,S. Moretti,A. Moutoussi,C. Parkes,P. B. Renton,D. A. Ross,W. J. Stirling,J. C. Thompson,M. Thomson,D. R. Ward,C. P. Ward,J. Ward,M. F. Watson,N. K. Watson,B. R. Webber
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/24/2/010
Abstract: The W Mass and QCD Working Group discussed a wide variety of topics relating to present and future measurements of M(W) at LEP2, including QCD backgrounds to W+W- production. Particular attention was focused on experimental issues concerning the direct reconstruction and threshold mass measurements, and on theoretical and experimental issues concerning the four jet final state. This report summarises the main conclusions.
WW Physics at LEP2  [PDF]
Ramon Miquel
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X97002863
Abstract: The analyses and results on WW physics obtained in the first year of running of LEP2 are summarized. The determination of the W mass, both through the measurement of the WW production cross section at a center-of-mass energy of 161 GeV and through the study of the invariant mass distribution of W decay products in the 172 GeV run are described first. Preliminary results on searches for anomalous triple gauge-boson vertices are also presented.
Physics at LEP2  [PDF]
Barbara Mele
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: The main physics topics of interest at LEP2, the CERN electron-positron collider with center-of-mass energy in the range (161-192) GeV, are reviewed. Progresses in both the precision tests of the standard model and the field of discovery physics attainable at this machine are discussed. A few results of the analysis of data collected in the 1996 first runs of LEP2 are also presented.
On the Coulomb Effects on the W Line Shape at LEP2  [PDF]
V. A. Khoze,W. J. Stirling
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00807-W
Abstract: One of the most powerful methods for obtaining a precision measurement of M_W at LEP2 is from direct reconstruction of the invariant mass distribution of W bosons produced in e+e- --> W+W-. We investigate the effects on the W line shape, and in particular on the average invariant mass, of phase-space and first-order Coulomb corrections. The latter are shown to have a non-negligible effect on the reconstructed mass, inducing shifts of order -20 MeV at collision energies above threshold, compared to the Born approximation cross section. The sign and magnitude of the effect can be understood in a simple model calculation in which one of the W bosons is assumed to be stable.
On e+e- to W+W- at LEP2  [PDF]
D. Schildknecht
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: We briefly discuss the first direct experimental evidence from LEP2 on non-vanishing trilinear couplings among the weak vector bosons. Subsequently we review the improved Born approximation to include radiative corrections. Provided the appropriate high-energy scale is used for the SU(2) gauge-coupling, the improved Born approximation is sufficiently accurate for all practical purposes at LEP2.
LEP2 physics and event generators  [PDF]
R. Pittau
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: The present status of four-fermion calculations and event generators for LEP2 physics is reviewed. Perspectives for future improvements are given.
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